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Doctor insights on: Pseudobulbar Palsy

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What is pseudobulbar palsy?

What is pseudobulbar palsy?

Pseudobulbar Palsy: Pseudobulbar palsy refers to a syndrome that appears to affect the brain stem. The cluster of symptoms include dysarthria, dysphagia and uncontrolled emotional outbursts. There are many neurological causes of pseudobulbar palsy. ...Read more

Palsy (Definition)

...is a corruption of French "paralise" from Latinized Greek "paralysis." In the old days it meant any kind of persistent weakness. To this day Parkinson's disease is also called "paralysis agitans" which is a Latin translation of Dr. Parkinson's original name for it, the "shaking palsy." We've obviously reborrowed the full form "paralysis" into English as well; today ...Read more


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How to differentiate bulbar from pseudobulbar palsy?

How to differentiate bulbar from pseudobulbar palsy?

Complicated question: Pseudo-bulbar palsy 1. Degeneration of corticobulbar pathways to v, vii, x, xi, xii 2. Lower motor neuron signs (-) 3. Gag reflex (+) 4. Spastic tongue 5. Jaw jerk (+) 6. Spastic dysarthria 7. Labile emotion 8. Bilateral umn bulbar palsy 1. Disturbance to x, xi, xii 2. Lower motor neuron signs (+) 3. Gag reflex (-) 4. Wasted tongue, fasciculations 5. Jaw jerk (-) 6. Nasally speech 7. Normal emotion. ...Read more

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What's pseudo bulbar palsy?

What's pseudo bulbar palsy?

Read below: Bulbar palsy is a term for problems arising from at the bulb( medulla oblangata), the lowermost part of the brain stem or peripheral to the bulb (nerve or muscle) pseudobulbar palsy is when the same symptoms (difficulty with swallowing speech etc) are due to bilateral problems higher up in the central nervous system. The physical signs are different. ...Read more

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What are progressive and pseudo bulbar palsy?

Upper motor neuron: Pseudobulbar palsy is a disorder of nerves located near the base of the brain, that connect the higher brain centers with the lower spinal cord. Most commonly affects chewing, swallowing, speech, emotional outbursts sometimes. It has multiple causes and the underlying disease will determine how progressive it is; examples are parkinson's, als, certain strokes, ms, brain trauma. ...Read more

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What is pseudo bulbar palsy and how is it treated?

What is pseudo bulbar palsy and how is it treated?

Poor mouth control: Bulbar palsy is a form of dysfunction of the mouth and face that can be associated with damage to the nerves in the brainstem. In some cases, drugs or frontal lobe brain damage will cause similar appearing symptoms with strange mouth and face movements, poor coordination of swallow and speech. These forms are referred to as pseudo bulbar palsy. Medications may help, but there is no cure. ...Read more

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What causes bell's palsy?

Viral infection: Bell's palsy is one reason people develop facial paralysis. True bell's palsy is felt to be caused by a viral infection of the facial nerve leading to swelling of the nerve and damage to it caused by decreased blood flow. Steroids are very helpful in treating this. Some people incorrectly term facial paralysis "bell's palsy." this is not correct, you must exclude other causes of facial paralysis. ...Read more

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What causes bell's palsy?

Probably a virus: Bell's palsy is weakness of the facial muscles. It is considered by many to be caused by a viral infection of the facial nerve - although that is not certain. It is important to rule out other causes of facial paralysis such a tumor growth or a stroke before arriving at the diagnosis of bell's palsy. Anyone with facial weakness or paralysis should have a complete medical evaluation by a specialist. ...Read more

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What causes relapse of bell's palsy?

Bell palsy relapse: Mostly bad luck. Probably chronic stress and reduced immunity are factors, but it is very difficult to prove. It is well known that some people are prone to repeated episodes of bell's palsy, but this is unusual, and there are no known proven strategies to prevent these relapses. ...Read more

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What is bell's palsy and how is it treated?

Facial nerve inflame: Inflammation of the facial nerve which is the nerve that controls the muscles in the face that result in expression such as smiling is thought to be the cause of bell's palsy. This results in weakness on one side of the face and difficulty closing the eye as well as the loss of taste along one side of the tongue. Viral mediated inflammation of the nerve has also been implicated as the source. ...Read more

Dr. William Singer
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Paralysis (Definition)

A paralyzed limb cannot be voluntarily moved, and the term reflects leg involvement, paraplegia, full body, quadriplegia, and less than full, tetraplegia. Causes can be many, including stroke, trauma, ...Read more