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Doctor insights on: Protein S Total Antigen

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Antigen (Definition)

Antigens are chemicals which upon exposure to the surface or inside of the body, will cause a reaction term allergic. Many substances will do this and allergic response is the basis for immunological protection for ...Read more


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Eating a High Protein Diet (Checklist)

Balance diet with lots of greens, vegetables, & hydrate adequately
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If my protein s free antigen is low (0.51) what does this mean?

If my protein s free antigen is low (0.51) what does this mean?

Clots: Protein S deficiency puts patients at an increased risk for venous thrombosis (blood clots). Also possible for recurrent miscarriage and complications of pregnancy. ...Read more

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There are DNA, Proteins, Antibody/Antigens. But what's used while detecting the presents of Toxins (ID's, drugs, chemicals,ect)?

There are DNA, Proteins, Antibody/Antigens. But what's used while detecting the presents of Toxins (ID's, drugs, chemicals,ect)?

Toxins: I am not sure I understand your question. If you have a certain toxin in mind that you would like to know how to detect, I recommend that you name that. There is direct and indirect toxin measurement, again depending on the toxin. ...Read more

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I got test back that said my fibringen activity antithrobin III protein c protein c antigen were high watch would that mean thank u?

I got test back that said my fibringen activity antithrobin III protein c protein c antigen were high watch would that mean thank u?

Need more info: None of these labs being higher than normal value are clinically problematic. You did not say why the labs were done; i assume you must have an abnormal clot. Low at-iii and low protein c can be related to abnormal clotting. ...Read more

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With new advance technology. What's the most superior way to detect all ID's and Toxins? Protein? or Antibody or Antigen? This is better then DNA?

No single answer: This varies tremendously depending on the possible infectious agent. The speed of the test, the sensitivity, the specificity and the cost are all factors. Anyone offering a simplistic answer is someone without real-life experience here. ...Read more

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What test indicate old or previously treated infectious diseases? Antigen, toxin, protein, anti-body..?

What test indicate old or previously treated infectious diseases? Antigen, toxin, protein, anti-body..?

Extremely complicate: It depends on what disease. Syphilis for example has several tests..Rpr using a reagin looking for an antibody to the spirochete. Clostridium difficile looks for toxin a and b. Hiv western blot looks for HIV envelope proteins. Igm indicated a more recent infection while igg a longer time interval. It is not as simple as it seems defining old vs new..Tb for instance is a good example. ...Read more

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If you made a customized microarray with no limitations-How would you rule out all known Pathogens. DNA,Proteins,Antibodies/Antigens. What else?

If you made a customized microarray with no limitations-How would you rule out all known Pathogens. DNA,Proteins,Antibodies/Antigens. What else?

See John Rumsfeld: who coined the term " unknown knowns". We will never unravel all of the pathogens even if we have knowledge of all current DNAs since they alone do not define pathogenicity and may change with time and modified by environmental interactions. ...Read more

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Protein (Definition)

Proteins are large molecules made up of a smaller class of molecules called amino acids. Proteins play an enormous role in the function of our bodies including enzymes, messengers, replicating dna, ...Read more