Doctor insights on:
Properties Of Immunoglobulins
Numerous: Not an easy question. Antibodies are made up of proteins and carbohydrates. They have numerous functions in the body, most importantly to assist the immune system in fighting infection. The 2 main regions are the fab portion and the fc portion with important "hinge" regions. ...Read more
Specific: Antiserum represents a polyclonal mixture of antibodies that frequently are not tolerated when needed and do not have the same therapeutic effect as a dose of a monoclonal given at 3-4mg./kg. A monoclonal antibody, is a pure antibody obtained from immunized B cells fused with a myeloma cell to give it immortality ( a hybrid Ca or oma cell). It is frequently produced in humanized form. ...Read more
Not normal: Cancer cells have several differences from normal cells. Here are a few major ones. For example, normal cells die at the appropriate time (we call that apoptosis) whereas cancer cells continue to live. Cancer cells often grow at a rapid rate compared to normal cells. Normal cells are stopped by their neighbors while cancer cells do not have this contact inhibition. ...Read more
Antibiotics: Yes. Great google question. How do antibiotics work? ...Read more
Does a monoclonal antibody reactive with the o139 antigen of e.Coli would cross react with v.Cholera o139?
Apparently not.: This does not seem likely because first that the v cholera is usually found in india and bangladesh while ecoli is usually in the U.S., mexico, and south america. Second, the mechanisms are different because the genes for toxicity on the e coli strains are not present in the v cholera. Third, there seems to be no information on any cross reaction of these two o 139 strains. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It depends: Generally IgM is the first seen in the blood stream. ...Read more
None: IVIG is a generic replacement therapy, non specific, and will not stimulate the adaptive (specifgic) immune system ...Read more
All the same: Basil is basil. And as for the "healing effects, " there basically are none. Basil is said to "aid digestion, " but it's not the basil, it's the food you season it with (tomatoes). Some say it is an "elixir of love and a charm, " others claim it can be used for "for snakebites, chills, coughs, earaches, spasms, and skin problems." i could go on, but none of these are true. It tastes good though! ...Read more
Immunifixation identifies m spike as IGg Kappa polyclonal gamma globulin to consist mainly of IGg Kappa n Lamda with fair amounts of Iga means what?
?? Chronic Infection: M spike of polyclonal IgG (kappa & lambda) globulin mostly suggest chronic infectious or inflammatory process & rarely hematologic malignancies. You need a complete work up for ch. liver disease, hepatitis B/C, ch.bacterial, viral & fungal infection, HIV, autoimmune diseases & if negative then evaluate for hematological disorder. CHECK FOR Ch. INFECTION & HEPATITIS. Update me with your result. ...Read more
Aspirin: Aspirin works by 'poisoning' platelets. Once all the platelets have been affected by the Aspirin , if you stop there will daily be more platelets entering circulation that are not 'poisoned'. This is why Aspirin is given daily. One whole aspirin(325mg) a day generally will ensure that all the platelets are hit. The 81mg/day dose is effective for about 80% of people. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I don't understand: I don't understand the question.Get a more detailed answer ›
Which type of RBC inclusions are smaller nuclear remnants that increased with accelerated RBC regeneration?
Howell Jolly bodies: Howell Jolly bodies.Get a more detailed answer ›
What makes immune cells only attack one type of antigen, as opposed to multiple different antigens?
It's complicated: When immune cells come into contact with a foreign substance (called an antigen), they engulf that substance and either start making antibodies to it or activate other immune cells to come into the area to fight off the foreign invader. Antigens are fairly specific so antibodies that form are also fairly specific. Sometimes mistakes occur however. Here's a link to more: http://bit.ly/1uy9lyG ...Read more
Is there a name for all the chemicals like cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors that are in the immune and lymphatic system, like immune factors?
Signaling: proteins, is what all of these terms do functionally. Chemokines are cytokines. And many use the term cytokine and growth factor interchangeably but the name growth factor tends to imply a proliferative effect on cell division/growth while cytokines can have both stimulant or inhibitory effects on cell growth/division. ...Read more
Many.: Malignant tumors can be treated with any number of chemotherapy agents including doxorubicin, cytoxan, taxol, taxotere, 5fu, vincristine, vinblastine, bleomycin, methotrexate, Gemzar and Navelbine (vinorelbine) and Cisplatin to name a few. Which agents are used depends upon the type of tumor being treated. Other modalities can also have an effect on tumors- radiation therapy, hyperthermia, cryosurgery, etc. ...Read more
Selectively separating plasma from undesirable components such as autoimmune antibodies is called what?
Plasmaphoresis: PlasmaphoresisGet a more detailed answer ›