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Doctor insights on: Proctosigmoidoscopy

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Dr. Kristi Moffat
130 doctors shared insights

Proctosigmoidoscopy (Overview)

Proctosigmoidoscopy is an examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon (just above the rectum) using a narrow, rigid scope with a built-in light. A small amount of air is usually introduced to distend the bowel, allowing for a better view. Generally, a limited prep is helpful, but not always necessary. Discomfort should be minimal.


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What is the definition or description of: proctosigmoidoscopy?

What is the definition or description of: proctosigmoidoscopy?

Rectal endoscopy: Proctosigmoidoscopy is an examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon (just above the rectum) using a narrow, rigid scope with a built-in light. A small amount of air is usually introduced to distend the bowel, allowing for a better view. Generally, a limited prep is helpful, but not always necessary. Discomfort should be minimal. ...Read more

Dr. Kristi Moffat
130 doctors shared insights

Proctosigmoidoscopy (Overview)

Proctosigmoidoscopy is an examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon (just above the rectum) using a narrow, rigid scope with a built-in light. A small amount of air is usually introduced to distend the bowel, allowing for a better view. Generally, a limited prep is helpful, but not always necessary. Discomfort should be minimal.


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Do I have to bring someone along, or can I drive after the proctosigmoidoscopy?

Do I have to bring someone along, or can I drive after the proctosigmoidoscopy?

Depends: If you're actually having colonoscopy, an intravenous sedative is always used and it is not safe to drive the same day, even if you think you feel "okay". If you're truly just having proctosigmoidoscopy, it can done without sedation in which case you could drive. To be sure, call ahead and confirm if you will be receiving a sedative. ...Read more

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Can a proctosigmoidoscopy be done in the office?

Yes : It is usually done in this setting. Only takes a few minutes in the hands of an experienced physician and only requires minimal preparation and you can go on about your day afterwards and may drive as no sedation is needed. But unless they are looking for something specific in the lower colon and rectum it is not a thorough colon exam. ...Read more

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Proctosigmoidoscopy..what is this and what is it used to test for?

Usually: it is a procedure done in the office to evaluate the last 25-30 inches of the colon and rectum. It used to be a valid screening test for colorectal cancer but is no longer considered adequate by itself. IT is used to evalaute anjd process that may be limitted to this portion of the colon such as proctitis or inflammation of the rectum, evaluation of the hemorrhoids or evaluation of a prior tumor ...Read more

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Proctosigmoidoscopy..Sounds old school. What is it used to test for now?

Proctosigmoidoscopy..Sounds old school. What is it used to test for now?

Bleeding in young: Not every 19 or 24 year old person with GI bleeding needs a full colonoscopy because the chances of colon cancer are verry low. In a young adult with bright red blood per rectum, proctosigmoidoscopy is still appropriate to evaluate the bleeding source. ...Read more

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Hd proctosigmoidoscopy a yr ago, no polyp, only hemoroids, now i still have blood on my poop. Do I have colorectal ca? What r the early signs of that?

Get a full scope.: Most early colon cancers are asymptomatic. The blood on the outside of your bowel movement is likely due to hemorrhoids. Colon cancer is possible, however, and the sigmoidoscopy you had only looked at half of your colon. So to rule out colon cancer, i would recommend a full colonoscopy. ...Read more

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Had proctosigmoidoscopy, no polyps found, only 2 small fissure on my anal canal. Whenever i strain, theres blood, is it dangerous? Cbc normal tho.Help

Had proctosigmoidoscopy, no polyps found, only 2 small fissure on my anal canal. Whenever i strain, theres blood, is it dangerous? Cbc normal tho.Help

Stool softener: You should use a stool softener or a fiber laxative or both to make sure your stool is not hard. Drink plenty of water to help keep stool soft. If the fissures do not heat in a month or so you may need to consult a surgeon. ...Read more

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Does sigmoidoscopy hurt?

The medications: That are provided should prevent the experience of pain. ...Read more

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What can a sigmoidoscopy diagnose?

It examines : The rectum and the sigmoid colon. It can be done in office without any sedation. It can diagnose diseases such as proctitis, colitis, look for polyps in the distal colon amd rectum, and also evaluate hemorrhoids. There are several other uses but the above mentioned are more common. ...Read more

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What is a sigmoidoscopy, is it useful?

What is a sigmoidoscopy, is it useful?

Sigmoidoscopy exam: The sigmoid colon is the last bend of the gut before food reaches the rectum. Accordingly, examination of the sigmoid ; left colon (hence the name "sigmoidoscopy") involves a flexible tube inserted into the rectum (often under sedation if you wish). The procedure takes only a few minutes ; typically requires only a limited preparation. On the other hand, "colonscopy" examines the whole colon. ...Read more

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Is the sigmoidoscopy a risky thing to do?

Is the sigmoidoscopy a risky thing to do?

Not generally: Flexible sig: getting cleaned out by enemas, having a flexible, lit up tube inserted into the rectum, and advanced (steered), under direct vision (video chip inside the scope) from rectum to sigmoid, and descending colon; looks at last 1.5 feet (approx) of intestine.Stops at the turn under the left ribs. No sedation usually, can do biopsy; slight risk of bleed, perforation (1 in several thousand. ...Read more

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Where do I go if sigmoidoscopy questions?

Ask your doc: Ask your doc about indication for procedure, nature of procedure, alternatives (including not doing it), significant risks and benefits-whether it is re: sigmoidoscopy, or any other. Doc needs to inform you re: above factors, so you can make an informed consent. Also can go online to am. Coll. Gastroenterology for information. ...Read more

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What are the possible complications of a sigmoidoscopy?

What are the possible complications of a sigmoidoscopy?

Complications: rare: Sigmoidoscopy is a very commonly done procedure with rare significant complications. Mild bleeding can occur in patients with hemorrhoids. Perforation of the colon wall can occur in less than 1/1000 patients, usually only in those with some type of pre-existing abnormality such as diverticulosis. ...Read more

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What are the indications and symptoms for sigmoidoscopy?

What are the indications and symptoms for sigmoidoscopy?

Anorectal problems: Sigmoidoscopy is indicated for any anorectal problems , depending on finding may need colonoscopy later. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: sigmoidoscopy?

Signoidoscopy: Sigmoidoscopy is the use of a flexible fiberoptic camera or specially designed scope to examine the inside of the colon. Because the procedure only examines the left side of the colon (in an area called the sigmoid), it is termed sigmoidoscopy. This is to differentiate it from a colonoscopy, where the entire right and left side of the colon is examined. A sigmoidoscopy typically requires an enema. ...Read more

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What kind of complications might happen from a sigmoidoscopy?

Safe sigmoidoscopy: Sigmoidoscopy, when performed by a trained & experienced endoscopist is generally safe. However, risks to consider, as with any endoscopic test include: tears in the lining of the gut, perforation of the gut that may require surgery to fix, bleeding that may need transfusion, adverse reaction to sedation, infection, a missed diagnosis, and an incomplete test due to patient factors. ...Read more

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What is a flexible sigmoidoscopy?

A colon exam: This is a limited exam of the distal colon and rectum, typically done without sedation in an office setting. This has been used as part of colon cancer screening regimens, but has been largely replaced by colonoscopy which allows a complete colon exam. ...Read more

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What does a flexible sigmoidoscopy involve?

Camera: You get a camera inserted through your rectum to examine the rectum and the sigmoid colon. You may or may not be offered anesthesia for this procedure. You need to at least have an enema before the procedure to cleanse the colon, and sometimes a laxatives preparation the day before. ...Read more

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Dr. John Lappas
544 doctors shared insights

Sigmoidoscopy (Definition)

Sigmoidoscopy is the use of a flexible fiberoptic camera or specially designed scope to examine the inside of the colon. Because the procedure only examines the left side of the colon (in an area called the sigmoid), it is termed sigmoidoscopy. This is to differentiate it from a colonoscopy, where the entire right and left side of the colon is examined. A sigmoidoscopy ...Read more


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