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Doctor insights on: Probe Patent Foramen Ovale

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How do I know if I have a pfo(patent foramen ovale)?

How do I know if I have a pfo(patent foramen ovale)?

Echo: Only way to know is by echocardiogram. Sometimes, especially in adults, an injection of agitated saline during the echo may be necessary. Also, if image quality is limited, which is usually the case in adults, a transesophageal echo (echo done through introducing the probe into the esophagus) is necessary to look for a patent foramen ovale (pfo). ...Read more

Foramen Ovale (Definition)

...In newborns, it allows proper circulation in the fetus by shunting blood coming from the mother's placenta to the left side of the baby's heart, which is pumped immediately out to the body. Nearly all infants have this structure still open when they are born, which usually close within weeks to months after birth. A small percentage of adults still can have an ...Read more


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What is the procedure for fixing a patent foramen ovale?

What is the procedure for fixing a patent foramen ovale?

Catheter based: A PFO is usually repaired with a heart catheterization. An occluding device is delivered with a catheter from the leg and placed in the pfo. Closure is usually 100% effective. ...Read more

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How is PFO (patent foramen ovale) treated?

PFO: Patent foramen ovale or pfo is a congenital remnant which normally closes at birth but for several reasons can open later in life. Blood or clots can travel across and if they do, the opening should be closed. It can be closed either surgically or by a catheter based procedure. ...Read more

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How long can I live with a patent foramen ovale if it was never corrected?

A normal duration: The presence of a patent foramen ovale has not been shown to affect life expectancy in the general population. ...Read more

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Till what age can someone with patent foramen ovale live?

Long life: A patent foramen ovale is very common, and usually it is not known. Typically you would expect a normal life span, unless it is a contributing factor in other health problems, such as a stroke. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of patent foramen ovale?

What are the symptoms of patent foramen ovale?

Usually none: Most pfo's are asymptomatic. In rare instances of clot formation, it can cross from venous to arterial side and cause stroke. ...Read more

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When do you close a patent foramen ovale?

When do you close a patent foramen ovale?

Symptoms: When the patent for amen ovale causes symptoms of respiratory effort, shortness of breath, decreased exercise tolerance, etc. ...Read more

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Can i excercise if I have a patent foramen ovale?

Yes: The majority of patients with a patent foramen ovale are asymptomatic and do not even know they have a pfo and live normal healthy lives. ...Read more

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Whats a patent foramen ovale?

Whats a patent foramen ovale?

Small heart opening: It is an opening in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart that allows blood from the placenta to get to where it needs to go during fetal life. All babies are born with this. It usually closes after birth, but 20% of all adults still have this. It is normal, though it has been associated with stroke, migraine headach, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more

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Dr. Donna Wilkins
155 doctors shared insights

Patent Foramen Ovale (Definition)

Patent foramen ovale describes a hole in the wall separating the top two chambers of the heart. A hole exists normally here during the development of the baby inside the womb, but it is supposed to close at birth. A hole that remains after birth can cause problems with blood ...Read more