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Doctor insights on: Prevention Anthrax

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Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Prevent- vaccination: Biothrax is an acellular anthrax vaccine which is used in the United States for prevention of anthrax. ...Read more

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Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Anthrax vaccine: Although much has been written in the lay press about it, the current anthrax vaccine is safe. The most common side effect, like most vaccines, is injection site pain. ...Read more

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What has CDC recommended to prevent transmission of sars in households?

What has CDC recommended to prevent transmission of sars in households?

CDC says...: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/guidance/i/patients_home.htm i'll let you read it rather than summarize. If you don't get it (i think its in lay terms, i can recapitulate it). ...Read more

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Which insect repellents are good for prevention of malaria?

Which insect repellents are good for prevention of  malaria?

DEET & Picardin: Effective mosquito control limits the possiblilty of malaria. Of course, if you are in an area with malria you will need to add medication to prevent malaria too. Safe & effective: 30%deet, preferably in the ultra frormulation adn 20% picardin are proven effective. You can make your clothes insect repellent too by washing in permthrin. Other unproven insect repellents are not recommended. ...Read more

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Any longterm risks of malaria prevention meds?

Any longterm risks of malaria prevention meds?

A few: The medications used to prevent malaria are generally well tolerated. Long term side effects vary by medication, you will need to discuss them in detail with your doctor. Some experts recommend monitoring liver and retina (eye) function. More importantly, your doctor needs to help you examine exactly when and how long to remain on the medications; in most places it varies by location and season. ...Read more

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How deadly is anthrax?

How deadly is anthrax?

Very: Skin, gastrointestinal and pulmonary anthrax are increasingly deadly in the order listed. Pulmonary anthrax, once it becomes apparent, is lethal in almost all cases. ...Read more

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I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

Vaccine available: A vaccine is available and you should consult your doctor to determine need for it and your suitability as a recipient. Please note that you are more likely to get hit by lightening than get anthrax from a terrorist attack. ...Read more

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How is anthrax transmitted?

How is anthrax transmitted?

Air-borne: Anthrax is an air-borne illness. These spores can live in sheeps wool and get into the body by inhalation. ...Read more

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Personel protection kit for health care personel against avian influenza?

Personel protection kit for health care personel against avian influenza?

Not in US: Avian, or bird flu, is not currently a threat in the us and do not normally infect humans, but sporadic human infections have occurred. H5n1 is a highly pathogenic avian flu virus, that if recombined with human inf. A could result in human-to-human transmission. Best protection:avoid source of exposure (prolonged contact with sick or dead infected poultry, personal protective equipment, hand wash. ...Read more

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Can the Hepatitis B vaccine alone (first shot for an unvaccinated person), given 48 hours post-exposure, prevent infection?

Can the Hepatitis B vaccine alone (first shot for an unvaccinated person), given 48 hours post-exposure, prevent infection?

Not likely: If you have been definitively exposed to Hep B then will need HBIG/hep B immune globulin as well as the hep B vaccine. The immune globulin will act like a sponge and soak up any hep B virus present currently in your body. The hep B vaccine then stimulates your body to produce antibodies, which will then attach to and disable the viral particles. This process takes 2-4 weeks to make antibodies. ...Read more

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How effective is immunization in pneumonia?

How effective is immunization in pneumonia?

Pneumonia vaccines: Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) for children and Pneumovax for adults is very effective at preventing morbidity and mortality related to pneumococcal bacterial pneumonia. There are plenty of other bacteria and viruses which can cause pneumonia but for which there are no vaccines. ...Read more

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How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

By making Antibodies: When M,MR injected it makes protective IGG Anibodies which are protctive against these diseases When and if you get exposed to these disease viruses the antibodies are responsible for protecting you ...Read more

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How effective is the meningococcal vaccine?

How effective is the meningococcal vaccine?

70-85%: Depending upon which vaccine strain you are talking about, a single dose will create a seroresponse (or documented immune response) roughly 70-85% of the time. When used broadly, this will translate to an 85-100% efficacy in reducing infection rates in kids. Currently, the CDC now recommends a second dose - after the second there is almost 95-100% response with very high titers. ...Read more

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Is there an effective vaccinination for anthrax?

Is there an effective vaccinination for anthrax?

Yes but use limited: There is a vaccine against anthrax that is limited in its use to parts of the military and a few additional civilians. There is little general risk outside of bioterrorism and availability of antibiotics for those potentially exposed limit its use on any broad scale. ...Read more

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Dr. Gutti Rao Dr. Rao
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What are universal precautions against bloodborne illnesses?

Dr. Gutti Rao Dr. Rao
3 doctors agreed:
What are universal precautions against bloodborne illnesses?

Precautions: Universal precautions contain barrier protection gloves, gowns, masks etc to prevent spread of infection. Also hand washing is emphasized. ...Read more

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Is the anthrax vaccine available to the public?

Well, yes, but...: Not on any voluntary basis that just any one can get. People at high risk may get it, such as vets, farmers or researchers who handle anthrax, or military personnel. ...Read more

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Are suicide prevention groups actually effective?

Are suicide prevention groups actually effective?

Probably: Discussing a problem and identifying it are usually the first steps to recovery i would not conceive of it encouraging the behavior. ...Read more

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What influenza- treatment, prevention and control?

What influenza- treatment, prevention and control?

Can't fit into 400: characters.If you have Flu hydrate well w water, herbal teas, soup or juice. Drink sufficiently to have pale to light yellow urine. Can use pain relievers like Tylenol (acetaminophen) or NSAID’s. Rest A LOT! In some situations antiviral medications (Tamiflu, Relenza, Flumadine) may be prescribed within the first couple of days of symptoms to hasten healing or they can be used after flu exposure to prevent illness ...Read more

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Is anthrax always fatal?

No: It can be treated with penicillin and other antibiotics. The pulmonary form of anthrax is the form most likely to be fatal. ...Read more

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What is the best option for prevention of the anthrax infection?

Vaccine and : Antibiotics. Depending on the circumstances, a person may get vaccination. If a person has been exposed, s/he may be put on prophylactic antibiotics. See the site below for more information http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002301/. ...Read more

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Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Prevent- vaccination: Biothrax is an acellular anthrax vaccine which is used in the United States for prevention of anthrax. ...Read more

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Is anthrax severe?

Can be: Pulmonary anthrax can be deadly within days. Other forma, not so problamatic but worthy of agressive treatment. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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How is anthrax transmitted?

Air-borne: Anthrax is an air-borne illness. These spores can live in sheeps wool and get into the body by inhalation. ...Read more

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What are the ways to diagnose anthrax?

Id in smear/culture: Lab testing can identify the germ in blood smears/spinal fluid/abdominal fluid or from blood cultures. Specimines are obtained before abx & placed on appropriate media for growth & identification. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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Is anthrax always fatal?

No: It can be treated with penicillin and other antibiotics. The pulmonary form of anthrax is the form most likely to be fatal. ...Read more

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How contagious is anthrax?

Not easily passed: Anthrax is passed thru:contact of the spores on the skin producing a skin ulcer, inhalation of spores into the lung producing inhalation anthrax; ingestion of spore containing food producing throat/gi anthrax. It is not spread from on person to another.Anthrax is notorius as a bioterrorism agent (2001), anthrax is not going to go around like a flu. ...Read more

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Is there an effective vaccinination for anthrax?

Yes but use limited: There is a vaccine against anthrax that is limited in its use to parts of the military and a few additional civilians. There is little general risk outside of bioterrorism and availability of antibiotics for those potentially exposed limit its use on any broad scale. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for anthrax?

Antibiotics: Ciprofloxacin/ levofloxacin/ doxicycline & penicillin are primary treatments for anthrax. Duration of rx depends on setting. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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What are best lab tests for anthrax?

This is moot: Anthrax organisms grow on culture. However, a physician must suspect anthrax and treat, because it is likely to kill you -- especially the inhaled form -- before the lab result is back. ...Read more

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What are the types of anthrax infection?

What are the types of anthrax infection?

Skin, lungs and GI: Anthrax is an infection caused by bacillus anthracis that is usually spread by infected animals or animal products and can manifest itself in three ways.The majority present as skin infections with pustules. Next, inhalation anthrax is much more severe and presents with flu-like symptoms.The third is gastrointestinal anthrax and may present with severe abdominal pain and bloody vomit or diarrhea. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of anthrax poison?

Bacterial infection: Anthrax is a bacterial infection with three major types of manifestations, in order or severity, cutaneous, gastrointestinal and pulmonary. Pulmonary infection, once it becomes apparent as pneumonia is usually lethal. Gi type causes severe bloody diarrhea and skin forms presents as an ulcer with fever. ...Read more

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How can our immune system fight anthrax?

Vaccination: A vaccine for anthrax was available a while ago and was given to military personnel. For microbial diseases, vaccination is the best way to support the immune system to fight the infection. ...Read more

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How anthrax can cause respiratory attack?

How anthrax can cause respiratory attack?

Anthrax: The anthrax infection begins in the mediastinum and produces toxins which kill nearby cells. As more cells are infected and die, swelling and bleeding occur. Toxins spread throughout the body affecting organs and causing the organs to fail. When organs begin to fail, the disease has become fatal. ...Read more

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What to do if do about inhalation anthrax?

Antibiotics: Anthrax is treated with antibiotics. Mortality rate for inhalation anthrax is 50 to 90 % even w antibiotic therapy. ...Read more

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Why does treatment for anthrax take so long?

Long prevention: Anthrax, once clinically evident, usually kills quickly and treatment is not very effective. You may be referring to the 60 day course of antibiotics prescribed for some one exposed to anthrax. This is based on the findings of an outbreak in russia. Exposed individuals developed the disease up to 60 days after exposure. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is an anthrax infection?

A bad one: Anthrax infection is caused by the bacteria bacillus anthracis. It can cause troubles with your lungs and breathing, rashes, and gastrointestinal upset, among other symptoms. The concern nowadays is that it can be used as a weapon in spore form (e.g. Through the mail). Thankfully, it can be treated with antibiotics. ...Read more

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