pressure sores

Condition Uncommon
Description
Conditions (2)
Pressure sores are skin conditions in which mechanical pressure has eroded away the skin. These sores are common in hospitalized and otherwise immobile patients.
Authored by Dr. Robert Kwok

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Dr. Tsu-Yi Chuang answered:

Are pressure sores common?

Yes on bed-ridden

Pressure_sores
It's common on bed-ridden persons, wheel-chair users and paraplegics.
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Dr. Ramin Rafie answered:

Are pressure sores serious?

Yes

Bone
yes briefly there are 4 types of stage 1 through stage 4. Stage 1 is relatively superficial with intact skin, where as stage 4 is down to the bone. Once one has gotten one they are much more likely predisposed to having one again
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Dr. Ramin Rafie answered:

How to avoid pressure sores?

Minimize pressure

Pressure_sores
Offload pressure points every 2-3 hours. Frequent position changes helps a lot.
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Dr. Barry Press answered:

Can pressure sores be prevented?

No pressure, no sore

Extremity-upper-hand-thumb
That sounds simple, but I know that it is not. Avoidance of pressure sores requires constant vigilance on the part of caregivers for patients with spinal cord injuries or neurological disorders. A good rule of thumb is to avoid pressure on any one skin area for more than two hours. It takes constant good "nursing" care, but pressure sores are not inevitable. Good luck!
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Dr. Scott Bolhack answered:

Can pressure sores cause cancer?

Pressure sores

Ulcers
A small percentage of chronic ulcers can become cancerous, but this is unusual and especially so for pressure ulcerations. Any wound that has been present for a long time that has not responded to usual forms of treatment by trained wound professionals can be considered for biopsy to be read by a trained pathologist.
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Where can you get pressure sores?

Dependent areas

Pressure_sores
Pressure sores can occur on the buttocks, heel of the foot and rarely on the back of the head in a bed bound person.
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Dr. Barry Press answered:

Do pressure sores require surgery?

Sometimes...

Skin
but it depends on their depth. Some will not heal if they are very deep. Even the best operation, however, cannot prevent the recurrence of pressure sores if the conditions that led to the sore in the first place are not corrected: avoidance of pressure, frequent repositioning, good skin care, spasm treatment (if a problem,) and good nutrition are the keys to preventing recurrent pressure sores.
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Dr. Barry Press answered:

Could young people get pressure sores?

Of course

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Pressure sores often occur in patients with spinal cord injuries or neurological disorders. These can affects people of any age.
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Dr. Scott Bolhack answered:

What are ways to prevent pressure sores?

Bedsores

Open-uri20140403-29561-cozyfo
Bedsores are due to pressure over bony prominences. The best way to prevent bedsores, once they occur, is to keep pressure of these areas. That means that you need to constantly move the person into different positions to relieve the pressure. Seeking professional help like with a wound center is a great option since depending on the depth, stage and location of the uler, your options will differ.
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Dr. Otto J. Placik answered:

Why do pressure sores sometimes smell bad?

Infected dead tissue

Pressure_sores
Pressure sores are caused when unrelieved sustained pressure causes tissue compromise or death. Bacteria use the dead tissue as a nutritional source and proliferate. Occasionally maggots may also find this a good source of nutrition. Certain bacteria will produce odors that are offensive. Wound care includes surgical removal of dead tissue to limit bacterial growth.
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