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No one thing: In America about 12% of women deliver prematurely (before 37 weeks). Sometimes there is an obvious reason like infection, abruption, premature membrane rupture, trauma, history of premature delivery, multiple gestation (twins, triplets), etc. However, the majority of preterm deliveries do not have an obvious cause, and we never know why. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Depends On Control: There is no single digit answer you can apply to an individual patient. One brazillian study in 2011 found that 14% of 400 women delivered prematurely, but the rate really depends on how well the mother controls her disease, other issues like preeclampsia, and the reason for delivery (poor control can cause other problems for the mom/baby that could require a cesarean section before 38 weeks). ...Read more
Multiple.: Intraventricular brain hemorrhage is one of the most severe and can lead to cerebral palsy and poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. Necrotizing enterocolitis is another severe morbidity of preemies that may even prove fatal. Other problems: respiratory distress leading to bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, jaundice, poor feeding, temperature/electrolyte imbalances, apnea episodes. ...Read more
Oxygen: The care of premature birth babies is a battle between things known to increase survival including oxygen administration versus the risk of this life-saving oxygen cause retinopathy. No intervention is as good as oxygen and so this is an assumed risk. Treatment for this is possible including bevicizumab. ...Read moreSee 12 more doctor answers
Maybe/maybe not: Prematurity is a broad category with survivors occasionally as early as 24 weeks up to more common 36-37. The smaller/earlier the baby the more likely they had or have predisposing factors that may limit final height. The less time in the neonatal ICU and less complications with their care, the less it will alter achieving their genetic potential. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Possibly: We are slowly learning more about early developmental influences and how early impressions may be formed. Some of this can probably be reversed by changes in approach a later ages, but difficult to really assess accurately. ...Read more
Yes: Babies with retinopathy of prematurity (rop) have a good chance of seeing in societies where advanced medical care exists. About 500 children per year in the us are reported to develop blindness due to rop. Ongoing follow up for babies with rop is important because other vision issues can also occur in these children over time. ...Read more
Fetal Lung: There are several indications that the fetus is developing normally. The length of the fetus can be determined by an ultrasound. The lungs may be visualized , and the development of any changes in the lung determined within the limitations of the testing. In addition, the developing lung produces surfactant and if the infant is born prematurely, supplemental surfactant may be needed. ...Read more
Rarely: Rarely does this happen where babies have congenital defects that are severe enough that they either neurological impair the baby and prevent movement or simply get in the way of a baby being able to flip on its own. This is a rare cause of breech though. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No: Same thing.Get a more detailed answer ›
Occasionally: In a few cases, premature birth may be due to hereditary/genetic factors, but causes for prematurity are often unknown. If 2 generations of women have very high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia can occur in pregnancy and cause prematurity. Maybe uterus/cervix shape and size are inherited, so if 2 generations of women have a short cervix, they may deliver prematurely. Drug/alcohol use can be familial. ...Read more
Also iillnesses: Prematurity is a risk factor that can lead to blindness. One important risk factor is birth weight, 1251 grams or less (2 lbs 12 ounces). A landmark study called the early treatment for retinopathy of prematurity, laser decreased incidence of blindness http://www.Nei.Nih.Gov/neitrials/static/study83.Asp the patient will need lifelong eye care for glaucoma, cataracts, strabismus, amblyopia, etc. ...Read more
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