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Doctor insights on: Preeclampsia Renal Disease

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What are the symptoms of renal disease?

What are the symptoms of renal disease?

Edema, fatigue: There are many different types of renal diseases with different symptoms. Symptoms may include: swelling in legs/around eyes (edema), malaise (not feeling well), fatigue, foamy urine, blood in urine, pain in kidney area (flank), decreased or increased urinary output (decreased or increased urination). These symptoms are not specific for kidney diseases and can be associated with other conditions. ...Read more

Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
229 doctors shared insights

Toxemia (Definition)

Toxemia = blood poisoning by toxins. Toxemia is also a name for preeclampsia ( ^'ed blood pressure, albuminuria ...Read more


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What is the best management for renal disease?

What is the best management for renal disease?

A good Nephrologist: General principals would include control of hypertension, relief of any kidney obstruction, adequate hydration (assuming kidney function is not severely reduced), good control of diabetes, if present. Depending on renal function varying degrees of sodium, potassium, and protein dietary restriction may be required. ...Read more

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Is there such thing as a hereditary renal disease?

Is there such thing as a hereditary renal disease?

Yes: There are several types of hereditary renal diseases. Polycystic kidney disease is the most common. There are other diseases such as alports, hereditary nephritis, thin basement membrane nephropathy and cystinuria that are also hereditary. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, was just wondering what is called a renal disease?

Hi doctors, was just wondering what is called a renal disease?

Renal disease: A renal disease is one that affects the kidneys. It can be due to diabetes, glomuerolnephritis, obstruction, hypertension, drugs, such as ibuprofen, among others. ...Read more

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Renal disease and anemia affects what other organs?

Renal disease and anemia affects what other organs?

Renal disease: It depends on what type of kidney disease. ...Read more

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Are there any other way to cure renal disease other than dialysis & transplant?

Are there any other way to cure renal disease other than dialysis & transplant?

Yes: It depends on the cause of renal failure of course. Some causes are permanent and cannot be cured; some are only temporary. Some infections, drug reactions, or obstructions (stones, tumors, etc.) can be resolved if treated promptly. ...Read more

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What is the difference between chronic renal failure and end-stage renal disease?

What is the difference between chronic renal failure and end-stage renal disease?

Stages: Chronic kidney disease can be staged based on creatinine clearance in 5 stages. End stage usually designates stage 5 of chronic kidney disease. ...Read more

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Is fluid balance a cardiovascular problem for a patient with end stage renal disease?

Is fluid balance a cardiovascular problem for a patient with end stage renal disease?

Cardiorenal: Think of a pump (or the heart) building pressure against a filter that is very slow and inefficient, the kidneys in our case. For a while, the pump, which is elastic, will adjust by stretching trying to accommodate the extra load, fluid unfiltered by the kidneys. Once that capacity is reached the heart goes in failure, too. The extra fluid is managed with diuretics and eventually dialysis. ...Read more

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Why is the manufacturing of erythropoeitin impaired in a patient with chronic renal disease?

Why is the manufacturing of erythropoeitin impaired in a patient with chronic renal disease?

Eruthropoietin: It is secreted by the kidneys, simply. When kidneys fail, all functions are reduced. Industrial production of erythrop works as good as the natural one. ...Read more

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If a person is in end stage renal disease and needs a kidney, would age exclude her from transplant?

If a person is in end stage renal disease and needs a kidney, would age exclude her from transplant?

Transplant: It depends on several factors. Age is definitely an issue, but they often use extended criteria donor kidneys for older patients (the kidney may be older). I have seen transplant patients in their 80s get kidneys. The biggest issue is that the patient has to be stable enough (heart, lungs, body) to tolerate a transplant. ...Read more

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How to control phorphorus during renal disease?

How to control phorphorus during renal disease?

Phosphorus control: If you are talking about reducing elevated phosphorus (P) levels in patients with kidney failure, P levels are brought down by two drugs. One is P binders that prevent P from being absorbed in the intestine. If those patients have high parathyroid hormone levels (PTH), drugs like cinacalcet reduce serum P levels by preventing it and calcium from being liberated from the bone by PTH. ...Read more

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What foods can a person with renal disease consume freely?

What foods can a person with renal disease consume freely?

Renal Diets: Patients with any form of kidney disease should be offered a nutritional or dietary counselling. There are many types of kidney disease with various stages and complications that require careful attention not only to macronutrients (protein, carbs, and fat) but to micronutrients. For example, diabetic patients with renal disease require a completely different approach than those with hypertensive. ...Read more

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What is the rare renal disease called idiopathic collapsing glomeralpathy(icg)?

What is the rare renal disease called idiopathic collapsing glomeralpathy(icg)?

FSGS: Collapsing glomerulopathy is a variant of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. In the past it was linked to HIV but there have been many cases in which the cause is unknown (hence it is termed idiopathic). ...Read more

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Why is the production of erythropoeitin impaired in a patient with renal disease?

Why is the production of erythropoeitin impaired in a patient with renal disease?

Kidneys make it!: Erythropoietin is made by the kidneys. Diseased kidneys make less. Back in the 70's when i was in med school erythropoietin had not been isolated but its' existence was postulated based on the observation that renal patients tended to be anemic. ...Read more

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Why would the creatinine clearance test not be useful for detecting early renal disease?

Why would the creatinine clearance test not be useful for detecting early renal disease?

Urine collection: Creatinine clearance requieres a full and precise 24 hour urine collection. The results can be falsely low if there is an undercollection, or falsely high if there is an overcollection. Also, creatinine can be affected by a high protein diet (the "ghoulash effect"). Such diets will raise serum creatinine. ...Read more

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Ejection fraction below 20% and medical renal disease grade 3 what is d life expectancy?

Ejection fraction below 20% and medical  renal disease grade 3 what is d life expectancy?

Here are some ...: Life expectancy in general or in relation to a disease should be taken as a general reference. So, a patient with the described clinical profile naturally lives less years to come. How long? No one can put a finger at it. Nonetheless, living longer if possible is still the common wish for all, except occasional private hidden agenda. How? Lifestyles + timely medical care give best possible hope. ...Read more