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Doctor insights on: Posterior Urethral Valve

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What valve narrowing results in mitral stenosis?

What valve narrowing results in mitral stenosis?

Mitral Valve: The mitral keeps oxygenated blood flowing in one direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle. ...Read more

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Dr. Thomas Fiala
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Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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Echocardiogram showed moderate mitral valve thickening with prolapse of anterior mitral leaflet , MR jet posteriorly directed . What is your opinion?

Echocardiogram showed moderate mitral valve thickening with prolapse of anterior mitral leaflet , MR jet posteriorly directed .  What is your opinion?

These certainly: are findings one could have on an ECHO. Without actually seeing the echo we can't say that is our interpretation. If the interpretation is accurate you have significant regurgitant mitral valve prolapse and should be followed by a cardiologist to avoid long term adverse outcomes. ...Read more

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What is myxomatous redundant mitral valve prolapse?

What is myxomatous redundant mitral valve prolapse?

Birth defect: It's abnormal tissue composing the mitral valve from birth. Myxomatous tissue is thickened, exuberant, and stretches - thus doesn't provide proper support for the mitral valve which then "bows backward" under the force of cardiac contraction and "prolapses" (sticks its neck out) into the left atrium during systole (where it doesn't belong). It can lead to mitral regurgitation (leaking). ...Read more

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Plz xplainEcho says EF 60% Mild mitral valve prolapse.Left Atrium mildly dilated.mild mitral regurg.cannot rule out bicuspid aortic valve considerTEE?

Plz xplainEcho says EF 60% Mild mitral valve prolapse.Left Atrium mildly dilated.mild mitral regurg.cannot rule out bicuspid aortic valve considerTEE?

Had a cath?: The echo says there might be a structural abnormality of the aortic valve and a leak of the mitral valve with resultant dilation of left atrium. If you had the cardiac cath you list any time recently, more information should be available from that. A TEE is a transesophageal echo which gives us better pictures than a transthoracic echo. You should discuss this echo with your Doc ...Read more

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Which is more difficult to manage: the anterior or posterior mitral valve prolapse?

Which is more difficult to manage: the anterior or posterior mitral valve prolapse?

Severity: Management of MV prolapse depends on severity of symptoms, and if there is any mitral regurgitation - not so much on whether the anterior or posterior leaflets are more involved. ...Read more

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Why would acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing mitral valve stenosis?

Why would acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing mitral valve stenosis?

No one really knows: Good question. But the answer is obscure. Rheumatic fever also affects the aortic valve. But why it targets valves on the right side of the heart is unclear. These are valves that are subject to greater pressures whih may be a reason. ...Read more

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What is rheumatic mitral valve obstruction?

What is rheumatic mitral valve obstruction?

MitralValve stenosis: There are 4 valves in the heart. The mitral valve is between the left atrium and left ventricle, and is the valve most often damaged by rheumatic heart disease (rheumatic fever after strep infections). Damage to the mitral valve causes its 2 flaps to thicken, stiffen, come closer together, and/or get attached to one another, leaving a smaller opening in the center of the valve, thus blocking flow. ...Read more

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Will a torn chordae tendineae of mitral valve from endocarditis heal without surgery ?

Will a torn chordae tendineae of mitral  valve from endocarditis heal without surgery ?

Chorda tendinae: A ruptured chorda tendinae would be very unlikely to reattach. If the mitral insufficiency produced is signficant volume and it usually is, surgical intervention is most often necessary. Some folks with ruptured chordae don't need immediate surgery but eventual surgery remains likely. ...Read more

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What causes mitral valve prolapse?

Mitral valve prolaps: The exact cause of mitral valve prolapse (mvp) isn't known. Most people who have the condition are born with it. Mvp tends to run in families. ...Read more

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Summary of my resent echogram; 1-Low normal left ventricular function. Ejection fraction is est.52% 2-Mild left atrial enlargement. 3-Mild to moderate aortic valve regurgition. 4-Moderate aortic valve stenosis. 5-Mild tricuspid valve regurgitation. 6-Mode

Need cardiologist!: There are a number of concerning findings on your echocardiogram. The left ventricular function (how strong your pump is) is just a little low; I'm not that concerned about that. The valves, especially aortic, are the biggest problem: to have both aortic regurgitation (back flow across the valve) and narrowing (stenosis) is very concerning. Follow up soon with your cardiologist. Good wishes:) ...Read more

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What is the significance of mitral valve prolapse?

What is the significance of mitral valve prolapse?

Depends: Most of the time, it is a minor problem. It can result in significant leakage of the valve, chest pain, palpitations, valve infection, and heart rhythm disturbances. So it really depends on the severity of the problem. Fortunately, most cases are relatively benign. We used to routinely give antibiotics prior to dental and other procedures, but that is no longer recommended. ...Read more

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What is mitral valve stenosis?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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What's the difference between mitral vavle prolapse and a mild mitral valve leak?

What's the difference between mitral vavle prolapse and a mild mitral valve leak?

prolapse vs leak: Mvp is a congenital disorder of the mitral valve where the collagen fibers that make up the valve are disorganized. It may or may not be associated with leakiness of the valve, which is simply what it sounds like - leaking blood backwards through the valve. People with mvp are more likely to develop leaky valves, but it's not a guarantee. An echocardiogram can tell you how leaky it is. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis a congenital defect or the narrowing of the mitral valve due to scaring?

Is mitral stenosis a congenital defect or the narrowing of the mitral valve due to scaring?

Can be either: The majority of mitral stenosis is a result of a previous strep infection which cause rheumatic fever. This begins a slowly progressive scarring of heart valves. The aortic and mitral valves most commonly. However there can be congenital mitral stenosis when the mitral valve may not form big enough during fetal development. ...Read more

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Urethra (Definition)

The canal through which urine exits the bladder, discharging the urine externally. In men, it is about 20-cm long with a membranous, prostatic, bulbar, and pendulous segments ending at the glans penis; it gives passage to the spermatic fluid as well as urine. In the female, the urethra is about 4 cm long & in close relation with the anterior ...Read more