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Doctor insights on: Porphyrins Fractionated Plasma

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What is plasma osmolarity? Plasma osmolality?

What is plasma osmolarity? Plasma osmolality?

Conc. electrolytes.: These refer to the concentration of electrolytes in the body/plasma, or the electrolyte-water balance. These measure the same thing, only that osmolality is the number of osmoles per kilogram of solvent or osm/kg, while osmolarity is the number of osmoles per liter of solution or osm/ltr. Osmolality excludes the solute, while osmolarity includes it, so osmolality has a slightly higher reading. ...Read more

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Plasma (Definition)

It is the fluid portion of both the blood and lymph system in which the ...Read more


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Is plasma cell myeloma hereditary?

Is plasma cell myeloma hereditary?

Majority Not: Majority of myeloma cases is not hereditary. A small but unknown fraction of cases are familial. The risk of developing myeloma is approximately 3.7-fold higher for persons with a first degree relative with myeloma. ...Read more

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Plasma cell Myeloma Myelogram test shows- Plasma cell=24% No haemoparasites seen Leucopoisesis-More active with Plasmacytosis?

Plasma cell Myeloma
Myelogram test shows- Plasma cell=24%
No haemoparasites seen
Leucopoisesis-More active with Plasmacytosis?

Need more info: From what you stated, you have a serious disorder of the bone marrow and should consult a hematologist. The subject cannot be adequately addressed in this forum. ...Read more

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What are plasma derived clotting products?

What are plasma derived clotting products?

Blood derived: The liquid part of blood, called plasma, contains a number of proteins/factors essential for blood clotting. Some of the factors can be isolated for administration to patients deficient in a given factor, e.g., factor viii for hemophilia. ...Read more

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Whats plasma exchange?

Whats plasma exchange?

Plasma exchange: Plasma exchange is when, using a special machine much like a dialysis machine, whole blood is taken from a vein in your arm and spun in a centrifuge so that the plasma floats to the top to be removed, and the leftover blood is returned to your body. It is used to treat a condition known as ttp. Plasmapheresis is when plasma is removed, but Albumin is given back. ...Read more

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Blood results: alt/sgpt serum level=40 iu/l, serum alkaline phosphatase=43 iu/l, serum bilirubin level=2 umol/l, serum urea level=2.3 mmol/l. Normal?

Blood results: alt/sgpt serum level=40 iu/l, serum alkaline phosphatase=43 iu/l, serum bilirubin level=2 umol/l, serum urea level=2.3 mmol/l. Normal?

Normal: It is very important to know why these were drawn in what sounds to be an otherwise healthy 19 year old. Did you expect to find something wrong? ...Read more

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Serum protein electrophoresis - hight beta fraction, what does this mean?

Serum protein electrophoresis - hight beta fraction, what does this mean?

Unimportant: Tell us your values of all proteins. The only two that matter are Albumin and Gamma Globulin. A M spike(monoclonal peak) can be abnormal...so look for this, otherwise you are ok and can ignore the beta fraction. ...Read more

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Total protein 8.3, serum albumin 4.2 , serum globulin 3.8, albumin globulin ratio 1.2.. Is this abnormal?

Total protein 8.3, serum albumin 4.2 , serum globulin 3.8, albumin globulin ratio 1.2.. Is this abnormal?

Abnormal labs: It would be helpful that for the labs mentioned above. If you. Can find the normal range or reference range and list it than our answer can be more educated and helpful. The reference range does vary from one lab to another. ...Read more

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Protein Total Serum 8.7 Globulin Serum 4.20 Albumin/ Globulin Ratio 1.07 ALP 132 Urea/ CreatinineRatio 18.54 rest normal . Any worries here ?

Need more info.: All laboratory results need to be interpreted in the clinical context and the doctor who ordered the tests is usually in the best position to do that. Having said that, there is no immediate concern, however, your globulin level may be higher than normal and you should discuss it with the doctor who ordered the tests. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more

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Why is hemoglobin hplc/ electrophoresis, blood done?

Why is hemoglobin hplc/ electrophoresis, blood done?

Variant hemoglobins: These tests are done to detect variants of hemoglobin as some of the variants, such as hemoglobin s, cause medical problems. Some states require all pregnant women be tested for hemoglobin variations as part of the antenatal care. ...Read more

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What substances interfere with the plasma metanephrine test? 

What substances interfere with the plasma metanephrine test? 

Metanephrine: You should discontinue Epinephrine and epinephrine-like drugs for at least 1 week before the test, stop using Acetaminophen 48 hours beforehand, and fast for 8-10 hours prior to collection. It is especially important not to have any caffeine containing food (soda, chocolate), coffee (including decaf), tobacco (smoking cigarettes or cigars), tea, or alcohol for at least 4 hours before specimen coll. ...Read more

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Kidney transplant needed. Confused about plasma exchange?

Kidney transplant needed. Confused about plasma exchange?

Removes antibodies: Plasma exchange or plasmapheresis is designed to remove antibodies (proteins) from the plasma fraction of the blood, which is then replaced with other plasma or albumin. It is done when the recipient has antibodies targeting the hla antigens in the donor. It may be done before or after the transplant; and is useful to prevent or treat rejections. ...Read more

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What makes the plasma metanephrine test different? 

What makes the plasma metanephrine test different? 

Different from urine: The plasma test compared to the urine is newer and more sensitive. In other words if you have pheochromocytoma the plasma test is less likely to miss the diagnosis by coming back normal. ...Read more

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Question about lab results from hematologist. Free kappa light chains serum 19.97 (range is 3.30-19.40mg/l) Normal lambda and ratio.

Question about lab results from hematologist. 

Free kappa light chains serum 19.97 (range is 3.30-19.40mg/l)

Normal lambda and ratio.

What for?: What are you being tested for? All laboratory results need to be interpreted in the clinical context and the doctor who ordered the tests is usually in the best position to do that. Having said that, Serum free light chain assay and kappa/lambda ratio are unreliable tests. Better would be have serum and urine protein electrophoresis. ...Read more

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Serum cortisol 145 ng/ml and acth plasma 25.00. I'm showing strong symptoms of adrenal insufficiency mainly skin bronzing. What domy results indicate?

Serum cortisol 145 ng/ml and acth plasma 25.00. I'm showing strong symptoms of adrenal insufficiency mainly skin bronzing. What domy results indicate?

Units of measure: Cortisol level is completely normal for a random morning sample and not suggestive of adrenal insufficiency. Acth units of measure are missing. Is this pmol/l or pg/ml? Even in extremely rare cases of acth resistance, nearly all patients are cortisol deficient. But your cortisol result is fine for morning random. Other things can cause bronzing like certain medication and hemochromatosis. ...Read more