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Doctor insights on: Polyhydramnios Umbilical Cord Prolapse

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Single umbilical cord artery in pregnancy?

Single umbilical cord artery in pregnancy?

Uncommon finding: This is found in 1/2 to 1 % of newborns & 2/3 have no additional issues of any importance. In some additional anomalies are found & should be obvious to the examining physicians. Some anomalies require special studies for detection like those of the kidneys. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Ingerman
6 doctors shared insights

Umbilical Cord Prolapse (Definition)

In umbilical cord prolapse, the cord slips ahead of the presenting part of the fetus and protrudes into the cervical canal or vagina, or beyond. It constitutes an obstetrical emergency because the prolapsed cord is vulnerable to compression, umbilical vein occlusion, and umbilical artery vasospasm, which can compromise fetal ...Read more


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Does umbilical hernia repair require hospitalisation?

Does umbilical hernia repair require hospitalisation?

No: Usually an outpatient surgery at a hospital or surgery center. Can go home after recovered from the anesthetic. Unless the surgery is being performed for some uncommon emergency. ...Read more

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Does umbilical hernia repair cause diastasis recti?

Does umbilical hernia repair cause diastasis recti?

No: Diastasis recti is a condition where the rectus muscles gradually separate from the midline while the fascia remains intact. It is not a hernia. Umbilical hernia and diastasis recti can coexist and are not causally related. ...Read more

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Does tugging on umbilical cord cause herniated belly buttons?

Does tugging on umbilical cord cause herniated belly buttons?

"Innies" vs "Outies": I am not aware of data showing a relationship. If that were the case, we would probably see many more "outies" or umbilical hernias in children delivered in teaching hospitals :/. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of umbilical cord prolapse?

What are the symptoms of umbilical cord prolapse?

Dramatic drop in FHR: Umbilical cord prolapse occurs suddenly in many cases. There is typically a sudden drop in the fetal heart rate, and someone examining the patient from below can feel a pulsating cord. This is an OB emergency. ...Read more

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Is a straight umbilical cord dangerous?

Is a straight umbilical cord dangerous?

Straight cord: It may be dangerous because of poor blood supply to the placenta abd fetus. ...Read more

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What is congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

What is congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Variable defect: When the diaphram fails to finish forming, a hole is left between the chest ; abdomen ; bowel can slip into the lung cavity (herniate) before or just after birth(when baby starts to cry ; swallow air).If the lung forms well ; bowel slips later, there is a better chance of lomg term survival. Without room to form the lung on that side can fail.Rapid recognition ; suportiive care is a must. ...Read more

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What are the chances of prolapsed cord or placental abruption?

What are the chances of prolapsed cord or placental abruption?

Incidence of : Umbilical Cord Prolapse is 1.4 -6.2/ 1000 pregnancies. Frequency of placental abruption is 1% & abruption with fetal death, 0.12%. Risk of a 2nd abruption is 4-12%; of a 3rd, 25%. There's a 40% ^ in risk of abruption for each year a woman has smoked tobacco prior to pregnancy + a higher risk of fetal demise if abruption occurs in smokers. Cocaine use ^es risk up to 35%. ...Read more

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Is spinal cord stenosis treatable?

Is spinal cord stenosis treatable?

Yes: Treatable yes....Curable possibly. See a spine orthopedist. ...Read more

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What can be done for umbilical cord prolapse?

What can be done for umbilical cord prolapse?

Emergent care: If possible, the effect of the prolapse is reduced, which can require a hand be pushed up the birth canal to prevent the head from pressing against the placenta. I have known this to happen inside an ambulance heading to the hospital. An emergency C-section delivers the baby from above. Failure to keep the head off the placenta stops blood flow and suffocates baby. ...Read more

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Can a baby die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Can  a baby  die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Yes : If the hernia is large enough to allow the abdominal organs to go in i the chest during development, they can physically prevent the lung from developing. In its most severe case, rapid death due to inability to get oxygen in to the system can occur immediately after delivery. It is important to understand however that this is not the case for all hernias. See a pediatric surgeon for your details. ...Read more

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Complication of inguinal hernia?

Complication of inguinal hernia?

Untreated: If you mean an untreated inguinal (groin) hernia. Complications of a hernia can be pain, hernia enlargement, low risks of bowel obstruction, hernia incarceration or strangulation resulting in dead bowel... Most inguinal hernias do not get complications. ...Read more

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How safe is mismatched umbilical cord blood transfusion?

How safe is mismatched umbilical cord blood transfusion?

Depends: Infants usually do not react adversely to mismatched blood immediately. How did the infant get this mismatched cord blood? In some countries where there is no immediate source of blood, there is something called 'walking donor'-which has saved many a life. While I am not concerned, the blood bank can tell you prior to the next transfusion if there are any antibodies produced from such a case. ...Read more

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How rare is placenta abruption with polyhydramnios?

Less rare: Placental abruption is one of the increased risks associated with poly-hydramnios. Even then it is still fairly uncommon. ...Read more

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What is tethered spinal cord syndrome?

What is tethered spinal cord syndrome?

Stretched spine: Tethered cord syndrome is where the spinal cord is stretched because it failed to grow along with the rest of the spine. The cord is attached to the sacrum but as we grow as a child this attachment lengthens along with our body growing taller. When this does not happen, the cord stretches and this causes pain, weakness, and bowel/bladder problems. If very symptomatic, it requires surgery. ...Read more

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Will this require surgery?Central disc protrusion at t7-8 causes effacement of anterior thecal sac. Mild pressure on ventral aspect of thoracic cord.

Will this require surgery?Central disc protrusion at t7-8 causes effacement of anterior thecal sac. Mild pressure on ventral aspect of thoracic cord.

Depends on symptoms: Disc surgery doesn't always provide relief. Xrays of mris of the spine may look terrible, but if you have no major symptoms, surgery is not indicated. If your symptoms are bothersome, but modest in degree, then physican therapy or an exercise program will help and a physiatrist can direct this. ...Read more

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Is spinal herniation a birth defect?

Is spinal herniation a birth defect?

Possible: Spinal herniation can be a type called spina bifida occulta. This is a congenital (birth defect) defect that goes undeteced your entire life. It can also be more. Sometimes this is found during other testing. Severe forms of spina bifida can be detected before birth. It has successfully been operated before a baby is born. ...Read more

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What causes a periumbilical ventral abdominal wall hernia?

What causes a periumbilical ventral abdominal wall hernia?

Opening in muscle : You may have a weakness where your umbilical cord went thru. Or it can be from a surgery that left a weakness there. ...Read more

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What's omphalocele or gastroschesis?

What's  omphalocele or gastroschesis?

Abdominal wall defects: Omphalocele is an abdominal wall defect through the umbilical ring and cord, usually contained within the amniotic sac. Gastroschisis is an abdominal wall defect usually right of the umbilical ring and cord without any sac. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of umbilical cord prolapse?

Dramatic drop in FHR: Umbilical cord prolapse occurs suddenly in many cases. There is typically a sudden drop in the fetal heart rate, and someone examining the patient from below can feel a pulsating cord. This is an OB emergency. ...Read more

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What can be done for umbilical cord prolapse?

Emergent care: If possible, the effect of the prolapse is reduced, which can require a hand be pushed up the birth canal to prevent the head from pressing against the placenta. I have known this to happen inside an ambulance heading to the hospital. An emergency C-section delivers the baby from above. Failure to keep the head off the placenta stops blood flow and suffocates baby. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Umbilical cord prolapse?

What is the definition or description of: Umbilical cord prolapse?

Umbilical prolapse: In umbilical cord prolapse, the cord slips ahead of the presenting part of the fetus and protrudes into the cervical canal or vagina, or beyond. It constitutes an obstetrical emergency because the prolapsed cord is vulnerable to compression, umbilical vein occlusion, and umbilical artery vasospasm, which can compromise fetal oxygenation prior to birth. ...Read more

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How do doctors treat umbilical cord prolapse?

How do doctors treat umbilical cord prolapse?

C- section delivery: When recognized, one member of the staff will be positioned beneath the patient with a hand pushing up on the head of the baby to keep it from compressing the cord. The rest of the team readies the patient for an emergency c-section. ...Read more

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Umbilical cord prolapse caused a 30 second lack of oxygen to the baby during delivery. Will the baby be okay?

Umbilical cord prolapse caused a 30 second lack of oxygen to the baby during delivery. Will the baby be okay?

Only 30 ???: I am reluctant to accept the initial statement as realistic. Once a cord begins to prolapse it can produce an intermittent but complete obstruction to blood flow that may add up to a significant o2 deficit over time.I'm not sure anyone can estimate the insult accurately.If only 30, probably no long term effect. If low 1/5/10 min apgars and seizures in the 1st 24hr,it was longer and more problemat ...Read more

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28wks pregnant. Found out at ob appt today baby is footling breech.Ob wants to monitor cervix fortnightly.Is this dangerous?Scared of cord prolapse?

28wks pregnant. Found out at ob appt today baby is footling breech.Ob wants to monitor cervix fortnightly.Is this dangerous?Scared of cord prolapse?

OK to monitor: Though I wouldn't be so concerned about your cervix unless it were open or if there were concern about preterm labor, it is reasonable to regularly see your obstetrician for prenatal care. Ultrasounds to evaluate your baby's position and switch from breech to cephalic are important and just b/c it's breech now doesn't mean it'll be breech later. See your doctor ASAP if you have pain/discharge. ...Read more

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Wen i had my baby i was told the umbilical cord was short.What could cause that?

Wen i had my baby i was told the umbilical cord was short.What could cause that?

See below: The short umbilical cord might be from the decreased fetal movements during the pregnancy or decreased amount of amniotic fluid, called oligohydramnious. ...Read more

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I feel umbilical cord pain, not like pain little pinch.Can you help me pls.Thanks?

I feel umbilical cord pain, not like pain little pinch.Can you help me pls.Thanks?

PictureWorth1000Wrds: Belly button pain is usually due to a hernia or an infection at the umbilicus. Is the pinch worse w/exercise or exertion? Can you see or feel a little lump at or next to the belly button? Does it look more like an "out-y"? Is there any renders or drainage? Best bet-make an appointment to see a primary care doctor for definitive diagnosis. Good luck! ...Read more

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Is there any risk associated with a tiny piece of the umbilical cord being left in?

Is there any risk associated with a tiny piece of the umbilical cord being left in?

Umbilical stump: You can wash the cord area with soap and water during a tub bath and dry it up with a q-tip. You can also just wipe the umbilical stump with alcohol. Sometimes that area may not dry up quickly so your pediatrician may cauterize it with a silver nitrate stick. ...Read more

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Is it possible for an adult to have remnants of umbilical cord? And if so, how can it be removed?

Is it possible for an adult to have remnants of umbilical cord? And if so, how can it be removed?

Yes: Yes it is possible for a patient to have a remnant of the umbilical cord. You can go to a general surgeon for a consultation regarding possible surgical removal. ...Read more

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Will the doctors let my partner cut the umbilical cord?

Will the doctors let my partner cut the umbilical cord?

Yes: The "final" part of the delivery is a very special event for both partners...In almost all cases of a routine delivery, every physician at my hospital allows -- even pushes for -- the partner to cut the umbilical cord. The only exception, unfortunately, is a c-section, which, of course, is a real surgery. Adding extra people (like partners) into the mix increases the risk of infection. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: short umbilical cord?

What is the definition or description of: short umbilical cord?

35 cm: The mean of term umbilical cord length is 50 to 60 cm. A short cord at term is less than 35 cm. ...Read more

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How do you handle the umbilical cord stump?

How do you handle the umbilical cord stump?

Keep clean: Clean it gently every time you change the diaper, & keep it dry. Eventually it will dry up & fall off. ...Read more

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Should we save our baby's umbilical cord stump?

Should we save our baby's umbilical cord stump?

Some people do: Once the cord stump dries up and falls off, it's harmless and some people do keep it for a memento. What to keep in a baby box or album is a very personal decision, and also varies with culture. But dried cord stump poses no risk of carrying infections or anything bad. Also, the dried cord stump has no potential future medical use (banking cord blood is totally different process). ...Read more

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What diseases is the umbilical cord of a newborn baby used to treat?

What diseases is the umbilical cord of a newborn baby used to treat?

Blood cell disorders: It is the blood obtained from the cord, not the cord itself, that is being used to treat disease. Early, primitive cells, called stem cells, are used to treat many disorders of the blood, including aplastic and other anemias, leukemias, certain immunologic diseases, and even some metabolic disorders. Ongoing research includes non-blood diseases, such as stroke, diabetes, and even heart attacks. ...Read more

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I feel pains im ma umbilical cord and a little swollen at de side of it, please what is de cause?

I feel pains im ma umbilical cord and a little swollen at de side of it, please what is de cause?

Hernia possible: Umbilical hernias cause a bulge and pain at or near the umbilicus. See your surgeon to determine if it is a hernia, it may need surgery. ...Read more

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What are the benefits if I bank my baby's umbilical cord blood?

What are the benefits if I bank my baby's umbilical cord blood?

Comfort: With advances in technology your newborns cord blood can be stored as a hedge against future needs.Stem cells from the cord blood could be used in the future as part of a treatment for such devistating illnesses as leukemia.Future research may allow us to use them to help build spare parts. Some parents do for personal use.Some hospitals collect them for a stem cell bank that might help others. ...Read more

Dr. Lauren Phillips
13 doctors shared insights

Excess Pregnancy Fluid (Definition)

Polyhydramnios is a condition where there is too much amniotic ...Read more