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Doctor insights on: Polyhydramnios Birth Defects

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Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Abnormal tissue Form: In simplistic terms a bd might be considered any abnormality found in a baby at birth. A better, more specific idea is a failure of a tissue or structure to form properly in fetal development. (cleft palate). A "disruption" can create a bd -loss of fingers to amnionic bands. Chromasome defects lead to several bd's like heart defects. ...Read more

Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
841 Doctors shared insights

Congenital Abnormalities (Definition)

Abnormalites that are present at birth. Also known as birth defects. For example- cleft palate is a congenital abnormalities. Another example congenital heart disease is the presence of a ...Read more


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What leads to most birth defects?

What leads to most birth defects?

Alcohol: The avoidable agent best known for producing a variety of birth defects is alcohol.The spectrum of defects varies considerably with the amount consumed during pregnancy.The most involved are born to alcoholic mothers while as few as 2 drinks a day has a a significant risk. Defects vary from decreased intellect, heart, skeletal, facial and numerous other features., . ...Read more

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Why are birth defects are on the rise?

Environment: Although some birth defects are inherited others come from harmful environmental factors, and others are a result from complex interaction of genes and environmental factors. In about 50% of the cases the causes are unknown. Some birth defects can be prevented by not drinking or smoking or using street drugs during pregnancy. Talk to a healthcare provider about medications you are taking as well ...Read more

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What causes a baby to have birth defects?

Birth defect causes: 1- genetic; either inherited from parents or just random chance (new mutation)
2- Infection; toxo, herpes, varciella, syphilis, rubella, etc
3- environmental factors; like radiation
4 - Medications ...Read more

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What's the percentage that have birth defects?

What's the percentage that have birth defects?

3 to 4 %: The comprehensive NIH study of 50, 000 pregnancies with infants followed up to the age of 7 years revealed approximately 3 to 4 % major birth defects in the neonatal period (not including genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis), defined as a condition requiring surgery, causing a significant cosmetic problem, or a significant functional problem. By age 7 years, the percentage of affected was 7% ...Read more

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Which birth defects are the most problematic to fix?

Which birth defects are the most problematic to fix?

Varies: That varies tremendously. Some are minor and don't need fixing. Some are very severe and can't be fixed at all. Many are in between; they might not be completely fixable, but the right doctor might be able to make the problem considerably better. ...Read more

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Is ADHD considered a birth defect?

Is ADHD considered a birth defect?

ADHD is not a defect: ADHD is not considered a birth defect. It is a variation in brain anatomy and chemistry that is actually fairly common. Many people with ADHD have relatives who also have it and a genetic link has been found in many cases. ...Read more

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Does lsd cause birth defects?

Does lsd cause birth defects?

Controversial: But the overall tide of opinion is that the answer is "no." there was laboratory evidence that lsd could cause damage to germ cells - sperm and eggs - even long after it's ingestion. However, studies of this have not yielded consistent results. There are no human studies, and the vast majority of lsd users (esp in pregnancy) use other substances as well. Avoiding any drugs in pregnancy is best. ...Read more

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What causes birth defects of the heart?

What causes birth defects of the heart?

Several factors: The heart develops rather early so medication exposure in the first trimester can sometimes cause heart problems. Chromosomal or genetic issues also can cause heart problems, . ...Read more

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What are the causes of heart birth defects?

What are the causes of heart birth defects?

Genes, environ, luck: A mix of genetics, exposure & chance. The formation of the heart is a very complex process as a simple vascular tube transforms into a specialized pump intertwining 2 separate circulations. Sometimes cells fail to migrate or grow-->may lead to septal defects. Structures may not form, and if they interfere with bloodflow (e.g., valve not opening), then downstream structures don't grow or develop. ...Read more

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Does radiation poisoning cause birth defects?

Does radiation poisoning cause birth defects?

Yes: It depends on the amount of exposure and the timing in the pregnancy. Early on in the pregnancy, radiation poisoning will likely lead to a miscarriage. Later on in the pregnancy, radiation poisoning can lead to death or growth disturbances or congenital malformations. ...Read more

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Can the doctor detect birth defects at 3 months?

Can the doctor detect birth defects at 3 months?

Expert ultrasound: An ultrasound examination might show some abnormalities, but many might not be visible at 3 months. Also not all birth defects (congenital anomalies) are associated with chromosome abnormalities so screening the blood of the pregnant woman or testing the placental tissue would not detect them. Testing of the fetal blood or amniotic fluid isn't typically done early may be referred to experienced mfm. ...Read more

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Are heart birth defects cause for major concern?

Are heart birth defects cause for major concern?

Yes: Some more than others. Vsd, a type of "hole in the heart", sometimes closes on its own, while others may be life-threatening within minutes of birth. ...Read more

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What kinds of birth defects can stem cells cure?

None: At this time, stem cells are mostly in research mode and although there are more studies looking a stem cells to reverse disease processes, it is all still investigational. ...Read more

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How many different heart birth defects are there?

How many different heart birth defects are there?

Several: There are several types of heart defects, but doctors usually classify them into several broad categories. Cyanotic defects cause your baby to turn cyanotic, or blue. Obstructive defects block the normal flow of blood through the heart and its associated blood vessels. Septal defects cause "holes" between the heart's chambers. And hypoplastic defects make one side of the heart smaller. ...Read more

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Can having a rhinoplasty prevent any birth defects?

Can having a rhinoplasty prevent any birth defects?

No: Rhinoplasty will change the way an individual's own nose looks and works, but has no impact whatsoever on a person's genes. Therefore, you can still have a child with the same nasal issues even after your surgery. ...Read more

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Does azathioprine cause cause birth defects in men?

Does azathioprine cause cause birth defects in men?

Data presented on: This site http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/m/pubmed/15023170/ suggest an ⬆ed risk of congenital abnormalities. Since affected progeny had the same disorders as their fathers, a causal association with an immunosuppressant could not be proven. Please consult your wife's ob-gyn & request a pre-pregnancy visit with a prenatal genetic counselor to assist you in decision-making. ...Read more

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Incest cause birth defects and other reproductive harm?

Incest cause birth defects and other reproductive harm?

Possible: In addition to the trauma of the incestous abuse, there is a higher risk of birth and congenital abnormalities in pregnacies and births resulting from incest due to the resulting gene loading in families with hereditary problems. ...Read more

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Can hair perms cause anencephaly or other birth defects?

Hair care: There have not been any studies showing a correlation with birth defects and hair care. Certainly not doing any hair care is best, but if you must waiting till after the first trimester is best. ...Read more

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Can toxoplasmosis infection in a man cause birth defects?

Unlikely: Toxoplasmosis toxicity to the fetus causing birth defects is due to the organism traveling across the placenta. So it requires the mother to be infected. Toxoplasmosis is not transmitted by sexual contact. ...Read more

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How frequently does the hole in heart birth defect occur?

How frequently does the hole in heart birth defect occur?

2-5/1000 births: The VSD (hole between lower chambers) is the most common reported heart defect. It occurs as an isolated event or along with other defects. The majority close in early infancy and are not clinically significant. ...Read more

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What is the likelihood of hole in heart birth defect occur?

What is the likelihood of hole in heart birth defect occur?

Depends: It depends on the size, the type, and what methods are used to look for it. Broadly, atrial septal defect occurs in 1 in 1500 live births. Patent foramen ovale is extremely common and present in 10-20% of all adults but not significant. ...Read more

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Took prozac (fluoxetine). Will I have a child with birth defects?

Took prozac (fluoxetine). Will I have a child with birth defects?

Prozac (fluoxetine): Medications like Prozac (fluoxetine) are part of the family of ssri medications. They have been studied extensively and are not believed to cause birth defects. Their use in the third trimester of pregnancy has been associated with newborn jitteryness. Your pediatrician should be made aware of this drug exposure to watch your newborn carefully for these potential problems. No exposure in 3rd tri is helpful. ...Read more

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On ssri while pregnant? Now scared by ads on tv about birth defects.

On ssri while pregnant? Now scared by ads on tv about birth defects.

Continue your meds: With the exception of Paxil (paroxetine) the medication is usually continued. The risks of depression during pregnancy are felt to be greater than the medications. There are reports of an increased incidence of congenital anomalies with ssri's, but the risks of depression may be worse. Paroxetine carries a much more significant risk. Another ssri or antidepressant should be used if possible. ...Read more

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Big baby, birth defects caused by diabetes? What defines macrosomia?

Big baby, birth defects caused by diabetes? What defines macrosomia?

Not just big.: Fetal macrosomia can be suspected by serial ultrasound in which the fetus exceeds the 90th percentile. This means that the baby is larger than 89% of the babies of same gestational age. Furthermore"macrocosmic" fetus are at a higher risk of shoulder dystocia (difficulty of delivering shoulders after the head is out) and hypoglycemia or dropping blood sugars shortly after delivery. ...Read more

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If I use acutane while I am pregnant, will my child have birth defects?

If I use acutane while I am pregnant, will my child have birth defects?

Possibly - stop it!: Retin-a is a known teratogen and its use is strongly discouraged throughout pregnancy! stop using it now, talk to a genetic counselot and get a comprehensive 76811 mfm ultrasound to check for anatomical anomalies on your fetus. ...Read more

Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
480 Doctors shared insights

Birth Defects (Definition)

A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or ...Read more


Dr. Lauren Phillips
13 Doctors shared insights

Excess Pregnancy Fluid (Definition)

Polyhydramnios is a condition where there is too much amniotic ...Read more