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Doctor insights on: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome And Prolactin

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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos) and hirsuitismplease help?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos) and hirsuitismplease help?

PCOS: Pcos is generally best treated by a board certified reproductive endocrinologist. He/she should have gone through special training in the diagnosis and treatment of pcos. ...Read more

Dr. Dennis Higginbotham
1,260 doctors shared insights

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (Definition)

Pcos is a metabolic disorder affecting 8-10% of women that may cause irregular periods, acne or increased hair growth, infertility or subfertility, and increases the risk of diabetes. To diagnose pcos, we need 2 out of 3 of: 1. Irregular or no periods 2. Acne, hair growth and/or blood tests showing too much male-type hormones (androgens) 3. Ultrasound showing large ovaries ...Read more


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Symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Irregular cycles ...: Most women with pcos have one or more of: irregular periods or no cycles, acne, oily skin, unwanted hair growth especially on the face or lower stomach, infertility or subfertility (difficulty getting pregnant). Some women with pcos have little or no symptoms - we look at symptoms, blood tests and an ultrasound of the ovaries to make the diagnosis. Not all women with pcos have fertility issues. ...Read more

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Could polycystic ovarian syndrome without ovarian cysts?

Could polycystic ovarian syndrome without ovarian cysts?

No.: Ovaries having cysts is part of the syndrome. There are some medical conditions that can mimic some of the symptoms of PCOS, such as metabolic syndrome. A complete history and workup would aid in identifying this. ...Read more

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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos) and hirsuitism. What can help?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos) and hirsuitism. What can help?

Varies: Many women improve by using ocp's for cycle control and ovarian suppression - this gradually decreases the elevated testosterone that cause the hirsuitism.. There are also medications that can block the elevated testosterone and minimize the progression of the hirsuitism. ...Read more

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Can polycystic ovaries develop into polycystic ovary syndrome?

Can polycystic ovaries develop into polycystic ovary syndrome?

Sort of: Polycystic ovaries is a finding on ultrasound where there are lots of small follicles on the ovaries. Pcos is where you have some combination (depending on which criteria your doctor uses) of pco looking ovaries, ovulation problems and symptoms of producing too much male hormone. Many but not all women with pcos have pco looking ovaries and many women with pco ovaries have the syndrome. ...Read more

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Can polycystic ovarian syndrome cause?

Can polycystic ovarian syndrome cause?

Insulin resistance: May cause over-secretion of insulin, called Insulin resistance; may cause vascular, early cardiac signs, and hyperandronization (hirsutism, acne and hair ,loss), thereby also causing increased appetite for carbohydrates and obesity. ...Read more

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What is polycystic ovarian syndrome?

What is polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Hormone imbalance: Pcos is an imbalance in hormones that can cause irregular periods, acne, excess hair, and infertility. Blood tests can determine if your pcos is from an imbalance in pituitary hormones (lh & fsh), adrenal hormones (dheas), or Insulin resistance. Some doctors recommend a pelvic ultrasound to assess the ovaries to look for cysts. ...Read more

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What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos)?

What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos)?

High testosterone: Pcos is caused by high estrogen combined with high Insulin which then transforms estrogen into testosterone. The elevated estrogen causes follicle growth and the high testesterone casues the abnormal hair growth a low carbohydrate diet is needed. Also iodine deficiency can contribute to this problem. ...Read more

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Are the women with polycystic ovarian syndrome fertile?

PCOS & Fertilty: Pcos is a disorder with infrequent ovulation as a hallmark. Because ovulation occurs at times, some women will get pregnant without help. If you need help with medication then medication is very successful. The success rate is lower than you might think and at ivf we often find poor egg quality as the likely cause. If you are overweight, then get as close to nl as possible. See a fertility doc. ...Read more

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Is polycystic ovary syndrome related to polycystic kidney disease?

Is polycystic ovary syndrome related to polycystic kidney disease?

Totally unrelated: Apart from the word connection these are totally unrelated conditions. Having 1 does not lead to the other. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos) is a complex disorder affecting the ovaries which may cause irregular cycles, fertility or metabolic problems. Polycystic kidney disease is genetic disorder and comes in two versions, both causing kidney problems, which may end in kidney failure / dialysis. ...Read more

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What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

PCOS: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is diagnosed when a patient presents with cysts on ovaries, evidence of excess androgens (excessive hair growth or acne) and irregular menstrual cycles. Women with pcos usually have elevated testosterone levels and abnormal Insulin levels both of which drive the clinical findings. It can be effectively controlled with a low-glycemic diet, weight loss, exercise, meds. ...Read more

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I have hypothyroidism and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Can these 2 be related? If not, what causes polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Not generally: These 2 generally are not related. Pcos is caused by Insulin resistance which leads to high male hormone levels (testosterone) in the ovary which keeps you from ovulating. Pcos is caused by multiple genes, but worsens with weight gain. Weight loss will occasionally help to resume menstruation. You should also see your doctor to make sure you get tested for diabetes/prediabetes. ...Read more

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Are polycystic ovaries and polycystic kidneys linked?

Are polycystic ovaries and polycystic kidneys linked?

No: No, are faras i know they are not linked, they are separate condition, in polycystic kidney disease we do not look for cysts in ovaries and the opposite condition and the genetics and inharitance is different. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between polycystic ovaries and polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Is there a difference between polycystic ovaries and polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Not really: The ovaries are polycystic and the syndrome refers to the medical issues related to polycystic ovaries such as menstrual cycle changes, hair growth patterns, weight, infertility, insulin resistance and increased risk of uterine lining overgrowth/cancers. ...Read more

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Do I have polycystic ovary syndrome, because of polycystic kidneys?

Do I have polycystic ovary syndrome, because of polycystic kidneys?

No: Although the names are somewhat similar, polycystic ovary syndrome and polycystic kidney disease are completely different. Polycystic ovary syndrome is not related to and is not a cause of polycystic kidneys, and polycystic kidney disease is not related to and is not a cause of polycystic ovary syndrome. ...Read more

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Can complex ovarian cysts cause polycystic ovarian disease?

Can complex ovarian cysts cause polycystic ovarian disease?

No: The term complex ovarian cyst indicates that an imaging study, usually ultrasound, shows a cyst with internal echoes, septation, or irregular or thickened cyst walls. They should be aggressively investigated as some of these cysts may be cancerous. Polycystic ovaries are usually enlarged and contain multiple small cysts just under the surface of the ovary. They mainly produce hormone imbalances. ...Read more

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Is polycystic ovary disease a syndrome?

Is polycystic ovary disease a syndrome?

Yes: Pcos is also called stein leventhal syndrome. Strangely, you don;t have to have ovarian cysts to have this disease. Symptoms include lots of things including acne, excessive hair growth, obesity and infertility. ...Read more

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What is pcos polycystic ovary disease?

What is pcos polycystic ovary disease?

Hormonal imbalance: Pcos is caused by high estrogen combined with high Insulin which then transforms estrogen into testosterone. The high estrogen leads to excess growth of follicles and the elevated testosterone leads to abnormal hair growth a low carbohydrate diet is needed. Also iodine deficiency can contribute to this problem. ...Read more

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Symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Irregular cycles ...: Most women with pcos have one or more of: irregular periods or no cycles, acne, oily skin, unwanted hair growth especially on the face or lower stomach, infertility or subfertility (difficulty getting pregnant). Some women with pcos have little or no symptoms - we look at symptoms, blood tests and an ultrasound of the ovaries to make the diagnosis. Not all women with pcos have fertility issues. ...Read more

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Characteristics of polycystic ovarian syndrome ?

Characteristics of polycystic ovarian syndrome ?

In general: In general, characteristics include irregular or absent menstruation, unwanted male hormone excess like acne or hair growth, weight gain, and little cysts on the ovaries seen on ultrasound scan. I hope this helps! ...Read more

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Dr. Samuel Freedman
784 doctors shared insights

Prolactin (Definition)

The pituitary gland makes many hormones. After delivery of a baby, the pituitary gland pours out prolactin which causes the breasts to produce milk. It may be abnormally produced and cause enlarged ...Read more