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Many systems fail: Pneumonia, usually due to bacteria, but some viruses, causes failure of many organs, toxemia usually applies to pregnancy complications, not always associated with pneumonia. To answer your question properly, you need to define your question, whether it refers to pregnancy, or patients very ill with pneumonia who are not pregnant. And die from life threatening pneumonia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Familial: The pathogenic mechanisms underlying pre-eclampsia remain to be elucidated; however, immune maladaptation, inadequate placental development and trophoblast invasion, placental ischaemia, oxidative stress and thrombosis are all thought to represent key factors in the development of disease. Furthermore, all of these components have genetic factors that may be involved in the pathogenic changes. ...Read more
Multifactorial.: Family history of preeclampsia (also known as toxemia of pregnancy) does increase the likelihood of preeclampsia in any given pregnancy, however it is not the most significant risk factor. Short sexual cohabitation, young or advanced maternal age (<20, >35) and first pregnancy (or previous affected pregnancy) are all much more potent risk factors. ...Read more
Less than 24 hours: Toxemia or pre-eclampsia complicates about 8% of pregnancies. The cure for toxemia is delivery and the resolution usually starts in less than 24 hours. However, it can take days or weeks for the disorder to completely resolve - and it could recurr even several weeks after delivery after it has seemed to go away. Importantly, some cases of toxemia do not even start until after delivery. ...Read more
Delivery: Toxemia is only relieved or cured with the delivery of the baby. If toxemia develops before the pregnancy is carried to full-term, medications, bedrest and close monitoring may be used to try to keep mother & baby stable until baby is a little more mature. Magnesium sulfate is used to reduce seizure risk prior to and during delivery, and other blood pressure medications may be used as well. ...Read more
0.6-3%.: An eclamptic seizure occurs in 2 to 3% of severely preeclamptic women not receiving anti-seizure prophylaxis with magnesium sulfate; the seizure rate is estimated to be <0.6%in women with mild preeclampsia. The incidence of eclampsia has been relatively stable at 1.6 to 10 cases per 10, 000 deliveries in developed countries. ...Read more
Multiple: Swelling especially in the hands/face, headaches, blurry vision, nausea or vomiting are warning signs. If you have any of the above symptoms - see your doctor right away. Your doc will check your blood pressure & your urine for protein to check for toxemia (preeclampsia, pih-pregnancy induced hypertension). Straight to l&d if you have abdominal pain (esp over your liver), vision loss, or seizures. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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