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Many systems fail: Pneumonia, usually due to bacteria, but some viruses, causes failure of many organs, toxemia usually applies to pregnancy complications, not always associated with pneumonia. To answer your question properly, you need to define your question, whether it refers to pregnancy, or patients very ill with pneumonia who are not pregnant. And die from life threatening pneumonia. Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Familial: The pathogenic mechanisms underlying pre-eclampsia remain to be elucidated; however, immune maladaptation, inadequate placental development and trophoblast invasion, placental ischaemia, oxidative stress and thrombosis are all thought to represent key factors in the development of disease. Furthermore, all of these components have genetic factors that may be involved in the pathogenic changes. Read more
Multifactorial.: Family history of preeclampsia (also known as toxemia of pregnancy) does increase the likelihood of preeclampsia in any given pregnancy, however it is not the most significant risk factor. Short sexual cohabitation, young or advanced maternal age (<20, >35) and first pregnancy (or previous affected pregnancy) are all much more potent risk factors. Read more
Less than 24 hours: Toxemia or pre-eclampsia complicates about 8% of pregnancies. The cure for toxemia is delivery and the resolution usually starts in less than 24 hours. However, it can take days or weeks for the disorder to completely resolve - and it could recurr even several weeks after delivery after it has seemed to go away. Importantly, some cases of toxemia do not even start until after delivery. Read more
Delivery: Toxemia is only relieved or cured with the delivery of the baby. If toxemia develops before the pregnancy is carried to full-term, medications, bedrest and close monitoring may be used to try to keep mother & baby stable until baby is a little more mature. Magnesium sulfate is used to reduce seizure risk prior to and during delivery, and other blood pressure medications may be used as well. Read more
0.6-3%.: An eclamptic seizure occurs in 2 to 3% of severely preeclamptic women not receiving anti-seizure prophylaxis with magnesium sulfate; the seizure rate is estimated to be <0.6%in women with mild preeclampsia. The incidence of eclampsia has been relatively stable at 1.6 to 10 cases per 10, 000 deliveries in developed countries. Read more
Multiple: Swelling especially in the hands/face, headaches, blurry vision, nausea or vomiting are warning signs. If you have any of the above symptoms - see your doctor right away. Your doc will check your blood pressure & your urine for protein to check for toxemia (preeclampsia, pih-pregnancy induced hypertension). Straight to l&d if you have abdominal pain (esp over your liver), vision loss, or seizures. Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Symptoms?: What are your symptoms?Get a more detailed answer ›
Preeclampsia: Toxemia of pregnancy, or preeclampsia, is a multi-system disorder involving high blood pressure and proteinuria in the last half of pregnancy. The degree of hypertension and proteinuria, and the presence or absence of other clinical manifestations of the disease vary from patient to patient. About 1/4 of patients will have nonspecific symptoms like headache, belly pain, and visual changes. Read more
Not unless pregnant.:
Recurrence risk is up to 25-65% (for severe, early onset pree). You can decrease that risk by maintaining a normal weight for your height, cohabitating with the same sexual partner for at least 2 years and taking Aspirin 81 mg daily prior to conception (or starting at the latest by 16 weeks).
If you are not pregnant, there is nothing to worry about. Read more
I suffered with toxemia two years ago, and since then have horrible pain in my neck--what can I do for it?
See your doctor: This is one of those problems where a visit to your doctor is necessary to figure out what's going on. Only after a thorough evaluation, including examination and possibly labs and other tests, can your doctor correctly diagnose you and treat you effectively. Read more
>25% - really high.:
I would recommend starting baby Aspirin (80-81 mg orally daily) before conception (or by 16 weeks at the latest) to decrease your risk by 15% or more.
Preeclampsia predisposes you to future hypertension and neurological deficits (albeit subtle).
Maternal-fetal medicine consultation is paramount in properly managing your high-risk pregnancy. Read more
High BP in pregnancy: Eclampsia is a disease of pregnancy. It usually occurs in the third trimester as a result of severely elevated blood pressure. Preeclampsia occurs first. When recognized the patient is started on IV magnesium which prevents seizures. If the disease gets worse a seizure can occur (eclampsia). This puts the mother and baby at rick. Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
How much urine do doctors need to test for toxemia and how many times do they repeat the 24hour test?
24 hour urine test: 24-hr urine looks at the total amount of protein excreted in the urine throughout a 24-hr period. Amount is not important, 24-hr collection is. The test is often repeated weekly or sometimes even more often until delivery. The purpose of repeat testing is to balance timing of delivery - not too early for premature baby, not too late for serious risks to mother. Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer