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Doctor insights on: Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia In Children

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How do you treat pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

How do you treat pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

Antibiotics: Pneumocystis jireovecii pnuemonia (formerly pcp) can be treated with IV Bactrim (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) (tmp-smz) in most cases. In complicated situations (such as HIV infected patients) other agents that can be used include nebulized pentamidine, dapsone, Clindamycin + primaquine, atovaquone, trimetrexate. Treatment plan has to be determined based on each patient's specific circumstances. Talk to your doctor. ...Read more

Dr. Michael DePietro
2,234 Doctors shared insights

Pneumonia (Definition)

An inflammation of the lungs, most ...Read more


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Can fatigue be caused by pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

Can fatigue be caused by pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

Yes: I strongly recommend that if you or a family member have this that you follow-up with your doctor. This is an infection often associated with other more significant diseases for which testing may be necessary. You likely also need treatment for the infection itself. Fatigue can be related to the infection, but may be more related to associated diseases. Talk to your doctor! ...Read more

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How hard is it to diagnose pneumocystis pneumonia in us?

How hard is it to diagnose pneumocystis pneumonia in us?

Not hard: Pneumocystis can be readily diagnosed via a number of lab techniques on a sputum specimen. This is includes a test called direct fluorescence antibody test when the sputum is exposed to an antibody (protein) that can stick to the pcp fungus, or by observing the fungus under the microscope via other special stains. All this requires and adequate specimen often obtained with bronchoscopy, . ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: pneumocystis pneumonia?

What is the definition or description of: pneumocystis pneumonia?

Infection of lung: An organism called pneumocystis carini (now jirovechi) can cause infection of the lung, esp in the immunocompromised hosts and can cause profound hypoxemia, but is easily treated with good old septran. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for pneumocystis pneumonia?

What is the treatment for pneumocystis pneumonia?

Support and meds: Pcp pneumonia is treated like other pneumonia, specifically support including oxygen or mechanical ventilation if needed. Antibiotics specifically targeting pcp for example bactrim (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim). In pcp pneumonia that is associated with HIV disease, steroids for their antiinflammatory effect are also helpful. ...Read more

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What medical conditions other than aids predisposes an individual to pneumocystis pneumonia?

Several: In general this infection is associated with damage to the part of the immune system controlled by a kind of white blood cell, called a t lymphocyte. This can be seen with prolonged use of high dose steroids medicines, or in blood cancers like leukemia. Lymphoma, and after organ transplants because of the needed suppression of the immune system to prevent organ rejection. ...Read more

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Why would someone with pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia have purple spots on body?

Why would someone with pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia have purple spots on body?

HIV: Persons with pneumocystis infection are usually immunosuppressed, and the most common cause is hiv/aids. These patients may also have a type of cancer of the skin caused by herpesvirus 8 called kaposi's sarcoma, and this produces purple skin lesions. ...Read more

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What is the significance of purplish spots with pneumocystis carinii pneumonia?

Hard to say: Pneumocystis per se is not associated with purplish "spots", but since it is seen in the context of other diseases that damage the immune system it can be seen with other medical problems with purple spots. For ex one of the predisposing for pneumocystis is steroid medicine. Steroids can also cause easy bruising. In the setting of HIV a disease called kaposi's sarcoma this has purple spots, etc. ...Read more

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How can a person go a long without treatment, then all of a sudden get pneumocystis carinii pneumonia thrush and be in critical condition?

How can a person go a long without treatment, then all of a sudden get pneumocystis carinii pneumonia thrush and be in critical condition?

Thrush: If a person has a problem develop with their immune system then they can suddenly develop pneumocystis pneumonia, thrush and become critically ill. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Pneumocystis carinii?

What is the definition or description of: Pneumocystis carinii?

Pneumocystis carinii: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) causes inflammation & fluid accumulation in lungs. It is caused by an opportunist infect with Pneumocystis jiroveci fungus. ...Read more

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What are the tests for pneumocystis infection?

What are the tests for pneumocystis infection?

Several: A chest x-ray can be suggestive but staining of the respiratory secretions to see the cyst form of the organism is the best test for this infection found almost entirely in severely immune suppressed people. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of pneumocystis infection?

What are the symptoms of pneumocystis infection?

Pulmonary symptoms: Cough (usually dry), shortness of breath, and fever. The onset is typically more gradual than with bacterial pneumonia, getting progressively worse over days or weeks. Chest pain is less common than with bacterial pneumonia. ...Read more

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What are the tests for pneumocystis infections?

Several: A chest x-ray can be suggestive but staining of the respiratory secretions to see the cyst form of the organism is the best test for this infection found almost entirely in severely immune suppressed people. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Pneumocystis infection?

Infection: By the quasi-fungal microbe pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii), generally an opportunistic infection, usually pneumonia, afflicting immunocompromised individuals. ...Read more

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Will pneumocystis infection kill me?

Will pneumocystis infection kill me?

It can: Unfortunately, by the time you get pneumocystis your immune system is severely compromised. It is a treatable condition, but not always survivable. Therapy should continue until your immune system is fully reconstituted. ...Read more

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What leads to pneumocystis infections?

Opportunistic: Any condition that compromises the immune system can allow pneumocystis to manifest: cancers, HIV disease, immunosupressant drugs for organ transplants or for autoimmune diseases (ra, psoriasis, etc); chemotherapy. ...Read more

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With pneumocystis infections what else should I be concerned about?

Immune deficiency: Pneumocystis infection generally occurs in people with immune deficiency. At a minimum you should be tested for HIV infection. ...Read more

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How common is it for somebody to get pneumocystis infections?

Normally uncommon: This is generally a disease which affects immunocompromised individuals. Patients with hiv-aids, those with certain malignancies, or other conditions in which normal host-defenses have been diminished are most affected. Seldom seen in "normal" individuals. ...Read more

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Are there long-term effects of pneumocystis infections?

Yes: Pneumocystis infection commonly occurs in patients with immune deficiency and that has long term consequences. ...Read more

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Should I see a specialist for pneumocystis infection, or can my regular doctor take care of it?

Depends who it is...: Depending on the reasons for getting pneumocystis and if your regular doctor is qualified (eg. Certified by the aahivm or belongs to hivma), he/she can also take care of it. In certain parts of the country, there are enough id specialists that can take care of patients with pneumocystis since many also require help in managing co-morbid conditions such as HIV or rheumatoid arthritis. ...Read more

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Can radiation therapy for lung cancer also treat a pneumocystis infection?

Can radiation therapy for lung cancer also treat a pneumocystis infection?

No: Pneumocystis is an infectious organism. It can only be treated with specific antibiotics. On the other hand, radiation can weaken the immune system and cause pneumocystis pneumonia. ...Read more

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How can children get pneumonia?

How can children get pneumonia?

From others: Lung infections (pneumonia) are usually transmitted from one person to another by inhaling the organism that causes it. ...Read more

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Is bilateral pneumonia in children dangerous?

Is bilateral pneumonia in children dangerous?

Possibly: With early recognition and proper treatment, most kids respond to treatment, including some as outpatients. If a kid has an unusual form of pneumonia (staph) or one that is unresponsive to antibiotics, their course can be quite difficult. ...Read more

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Is pneumonia bilateral in children contagious?

Is pneumonia bilateral in children contagious?

Yes: Most cases on bilateral pneumonia in children are caused by viruses or bacteria. These organisms can spread through droplets coughed out by the infected child into their surroundings & anyone nearby can inhale those droplets & thus acquire the infection if sufficient number of organisms have entered the lungs to start multiplying in the new host & cause infection. ...Read more

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Does pneumonia in children damage their lungs?

Does pneumonia in children damage their lungs?

Most often no: Kids' lungs are quite resilient and a quite good at healing very well after infections. Even after severe infections. The vast majority of children recover extremely well after a pneumonia with no future problems. ...Read more

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Is viral pneumonia more dangerous for children?

Is viral pneumonia more dangerous for children?

Depends on virus: Rsv is a virus that can vary in its effect on an infected child from a simple runny nose to life threatening pneumonia. The smaller the infant/kid the worse the potential pbs. Kids catch this virus almost every year but seldom have problems after infancy. Other forms of viral pneumonia vary in their outcome. The worst I've known was chickenpox pn in a untreated newborn delivered by a midwife. (died). ...Read more

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Is viral pneumonia more dangerous for the elderly children?

Is viral pneumonia more dangerous for the elderly children?

Generally: It depends on the virus - there are outbreaks where the old and very young appear to have been spared for unclear reasons while those in the prime of life are most affected (e.g. The h1n1 outbreak). In most cases, however, the very young and elderly are more vulnerable due to either a fading immune system or an immature one. ...Read more

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Could having pneumonia as a child stop a man from fathering children?

Could having pneumonia as a child stop a man from fathering children?

No: Pneumonia does not cause male infertility or inability to father children. Certain viral infections are rarely associated with male infertility. The MMR vaccine is very important in preventing some of these viral infections. ...Read more

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Can me or my children get catch pneumonia (bacterial) from our cat who has it?

Can me or my children get catch pneumonia (bacterial) from our cat who has it?

Mgt: It is possible depending on the type of bacterial cause. Routes from animals to humans include inhalation of aerosolized droplets and saliva.
A virtual in box consult is available to further review if there are respiratory symptoms. ...Read more