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Doctor insights on: Pneumocystis Infection In Children

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What are the tests for pneumocystis infection?

What are the tests for pneumocystis infection?

Several: A chest x-ray can be suggestive but staining of the respiratory secretions to see the cyst form of the organism is the best test for this infection found almost entirely in severely immune suppressed people. ...Read more

Dr. Stephen Scholand
9 Doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


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What are the symptoms of pneumocystis infection?

What are the symptoms of pneumocystis infection?

Pulmonary symptoms: Cough (usually dry), shortness of breath, and fever. The onset is typically more gradual than with bacterial pneumonia, getting progressively worse over days or weeks. Chest pain is less common than with bacterial pneumonia. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Pneumocystis infection?

Infection: By the quasi-fungal microbe pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii), generally an opportunistic infection, usually pneumonia, afflicting immunocompromised individuals. ...Read more

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Will pneumocystis infection kill me?

Will pneumocystis infection kill me?

It can: Unfortunately, by the time you get pneumocystis your immune system is severely compromised. It is a treatable condition, but not always survivable. Therapy should continue until your immune system is fully reconstituted. ...Read more

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Should I see a specialist for pneumocystis infection, or can my regular doctor take care of it?

Depends who it is...: Depending on the reasons for getting pneumocystis and if your regular doctor is qualified (eg. Certified by the aahivm or belongs to hivma), he/she can also take care of it. In certain parts of the country, there are enough id specialists that can take care of patients with pneumocystis since many also require help in managing co-morbid conditions such as HIV or rheumatoid arthritis. ...Read more

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Can radiation therapy for lung cancer also treat a pneumocystis infection?

Can radiation therapy for lung cancer also treat a pneumocystis infection?

No: Pneumocystis is an infectious organism. It can only be treated with specific antibiotics. On the other hand, radiation can weaken the immune system and cause pneumocystis pneumonia. ...Read more

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With pneumocystis infections what else should I be concerned about?

Immune deficiency: Pneumocystis infection generally occurs in people with immune deficiency. At a minimum you should be tested for HIV infection. ...Read more

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What are the tests for pneumocystis infections?

Several: A chest x-ray can be suggestive but staining of the respiratory secretions to see the cyst form of the organism is the best test for this infection found almost entirely in severely immune suppressed people. ...Read more

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What leads to pneumocystis infections?

Opportunistic: Any condition that compromises the immune system can allow pneumocystis to manifest: cancers, HIV disease, immunosupressant drugs for organ transplants or for autoimmune diseases (ra, psoriasis, etc); chemotherapy. ...Read more

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How common is it for somebody to get pneumocystis infections?

Normally uncommon: This is generally a disease which affects immunocompromised individuals. Patients with hiv-aids, those with certain malignancies, or other conditions in which normal host-defenses have been diminished are most affected. Seldom seen in "normal" individuals. ...Read more

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Are there long-term effects of pneumocystis infections?

Yes: Pneumocystis infection commonly occurs in patients with immune deficiency and that has long term consequences. ...Read more

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Help plz! Can primary koch's infection in children develop even if it is not transmitted by another person?

Help plz! Can primary koch's infection in children develop even if it is not transmitted by another person?

Koch's infx/TB: Tuberculosis just doesn't develop - you catch it from someone who is infected. It is only transmitted human to human, so you need to be exposed to someone who either has an active case or is a carrier. Many people worldwide are unaware they are infected, are asymptomatic carriers. That's why when someone is diagnosed with TB, everyone around them they've had contact with need to be evaluated. ...Read more

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What are the treatments of fungal infection in children?

What are the treatments of fungal infection in children?

Where?: To get the most from this site you need to appropriate provide background information & ask a clear related question. A kid could get a fungal infection on their skin, scalp, in their blood, lungs, sinuses or brain. Each would be approached differently. You are welcome to start over & be more specific. Your posts are not linked & go out to the site at random. ...Read more

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Are schools a major source of MRSA infection in children?

Are schools a major source of MRSA infection in children?

Yes: Mrsa may not necessarily be found in schools but any public area is a potential site for harboring this infection. One such site in schools especially is gyms- and on dirty gym equipment such as football gear that is not cleaned properly. ...Read more

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What is the most frequent salivary gland infection in children?

What is the most frequent salivary gland infection in children?

Parotitis: The parotid gland (and to a lesser extent, the submandibular gland) can become infected, sometimes in association with a salivary stone. An entity of "recurrent parotitis of childhood" is a relatively common cause of repeated salivary infections in kids. Sometimes it isn't the gland itself, but a lymph node in the gland that is what is infected. ...Read more

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How to distinguish between viral and bacterial sinus infection in children?

How to distinguish between viral and bacterial sinus infection in children?

Sinuses are 4: Sets of air-filled, mucous membrane-lined pockets near nasal passages that don't develop fully until adolescence. 2 sets are small, but present at birth; 1 set begins to develop at 7 yrs. & 1 in adolescence. Suspect bacterial sinusitis in a child with a 10-14 day history of viral or allergic nasal congestion, fever, green nasal discharge & headache. See www. Entnet. Org/content/pediatric-sinusitis. ...Read more

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What are some herbal treatments for sinus infection in children?

Depends: On the age of the child and whether its sinus congestion or sinus infection. Sinus infections when serious rarely resolve with supportive care alone. Congestion on the other hand can improve significantly though temporarily with eucalyptus and/or peppermint. These measures should be avoided in young children. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me the herbal treatments for sinus infection in children?

Can you please tell me the herbal treatments for sinus infection in children?

Try xylitol solution: I don't know of any herbal remedies, but if the child can inhale a solution of xylitol and warm water (1/4 tsp xylitol in a pint of warm water) into his nose _ not into lungs, that should help by making to bacteria slippery and easier to get oit of the body. Gargling may help too. ...Read more

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What's the different between Cefdinir to any other antibiotics for sinus infection in children? Any side effect?

What's the different between Cefdinir to any other antibiotics for sinus infection in children? Any side effect?

Sinusitis: cefdinir, a third generation cephalosporin, is good for acute bacterial sinusitis, although for chronic sinusitis might not be as effective, as longer duration is needed and a broader antibiotic spectrum, side effects not that common, diarrhea, pruritus, and others, caution if hypersensitive to the drug, good luck ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Pneumocystis carinii?

What is the definition or description of: Pneumocystis carinii?

Pneumocystis carinii: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) causes inflammation & fluid accumulation in lungs. It is caused by an opportunist infect with Pneumocystis jiroveci fungus. ...Read more

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What medical conditions other than aids predisposes an individual to pneumocystis pneumonia?

What medical conditions other than aids predisposes an individual to pneumocystis pneumonia?

Several: In general this infection is associated with damage to the part of the immune system controlled by a kind of white blood cell, called a t lymphocyte. This can be seen with prolonged use of high dose steroids medicines, or in blood cancers like leukemia. Lymphoma, and after organ transplants because of the needed suppression of the immune system to prevent organ rejection. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for pneumocystis pneumonia?

Support and meds: Pcp pneumonia is treated like other pneumonia, specifically support including oxygen or mechanical ventilation if needed. Antibiotics specifically targeting pcp for example bactrim (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim). In pcp pneumonia that is associated with HIV disease, steroids for their antiinflammatory effect are also helpful. ...Read more

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How do you treat pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

How do you treat pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

Antibiotics: Pneumocystis jireovecii pnuemonia (formerly pcp) can be treated with IV Bactrim (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) (tmp-smz) in most cases. In complicated situations (such as HIV infected patients) other agents that can be used include nebulized pentamidine, dapsone, Clindamycin + primaquine, atovaquone, trimetrexate. Treatment plan has to be determined based on each patient's specific circumstances. Talk to your doctor. ...Read more

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How hard is it to diagnose pneumocystis pneumonia in us?

How hard is it to diagnose pneumocystis pneumonia in us?

Not hard: Pneumocystis can be readily diagnosed via a number of lab techniques on a sputum specimen. This is includes a test called direct fluorescence antibody test when the sputum is exposed to an antibody (protein) that can stick to the pcp fungus, or by observing the fungus under the microscope via other special stains. All this requires and adequate specimen often obtained with bronchoscopy, . ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: pneumocystis pneumonia?

What is the definition or description of: pneumocystis pneumonia?

Infection of lung: An organism called pneumocystis carini (now jirovechi) can cause infection of the lung, esp in the immunocompromised hosts and can cause profound hypoxemia, but is easily treated with good old septran. ...Read more

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Why would someone with pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia have purple spots on body?

Why would someone with pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia have purple spots on body?

HIV: Persons with pneumocystis infection are usually immunosuppressed, and the most common cause is hiv/aids. These patients may also have a type of cancer of the skin caused by herpesvirus 8 called kaposi's sarcoma, and this produces purple skin lesions. ...Read more

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Can fatigue be caused by pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

Can fatigue be caused by pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia?

Yes: I strongly recommend that if you or a family member have this that you follow-up with your doctor. This is an infection often associated with other more significant diseases for which testing may be necessary. You likely also need treatment for the infection itself. Fatigue can be related to the infection, but may be more related to associated diseases. Talk to your doctor! ...Read more

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What is the significance of purplish spots with pneumocystis carinii pneumonia?

Hard to say: Pneumocystis per se is not associated with purplish "spots", but since it is seen in the context of other diseases that damage the immune system it can be seen with other medical problems with purple spots. For ex one of the predisposing for pneumocystis is steroid medicine. Steroids can also cause easy bruising. In the setting of HIV a disease called kaposi's sarcoma this has purple spots, etc. ...Read more

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How can a person go a long without treatment, then all of a sudden get pneumocystis carinii pneumonia thrush and be in critical condition?

How can a person go a long without treatment, then all of a sudden get pneumocystis carinii pneumonia thrush and be in critical condition?

Thrush: If a person has a problem develop with their immune system then they can suddenly develop pneumocystis pneumonia, thrush and become critically ill. ...Read more

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Is it true adults are at reduced risk of appendix bursts because of the fat which contains the infection? But children don't have as much fat?

Is it true adults are at reduced risk of appendix bursts because of the fat which contains the infection? But children don't have as much fat?

Could be, but...: Multiple factors decide how a disease may behave and progress, and more tissue such as fat around an abscess like fulminating appendicitis is likely to have more local tissue to wall it around, but such condition should not be construed as the sole factor to predict how it may do clinically. So, what you mentioned would not pose any clinically significant impact on how a patient should be managed. ...Read more

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Are streptococcal infections dangerous to children?

Are streptococcal infections dangerous to children?

Absolutely: Untreated streptococcal infection can cause permanent heart damage, kidney problems, arthritis, skin infections and more. That is why you should see your doctor if your child has a sore throat to determine if you need antibiotics to prevent these complications. ...Read more

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Does e.Coli infections affect children worse then adults?

Does e.Coli infections affect children worse then adults?

Depends: Really depends on the strain of e. Coli. Some are very virulent and cuase significant organ damage, no matter what the age. ...Read more

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Is petechiae a common reaction in some children when fighting off everyday illness or infection?

Is petechiae a common reaction in some children when fighting off everyday illness or infection?

PETECHIAE is...: Bleeding into the skin, doesn't blench on pressure. If associated with fever without localizing signs, indicates high risk for serious bacterial infection, e.g. Bacteremia, sepsis, meningitis.

Viral rash, on the other hand, very common; seen as macular or maculo-papular rash that blenches on pressure. I assume, you are talking about viral rash. If petechiae, must see a doctor. ...Read more

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Are young children more susceptible to staph infections?

Are young children more susceptible to staph infections?

Not necessarily: Healthy young children are no more susceptible to staph infections than anyone else. Indeed, human immunity undergoes dips and blips throughout life, but I see no more staph infection in children than I do in adults if not more in the latter. ...Read more

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Can small children get a urinary tract infection?

Can small children get a urinary tract infection?

Certainly: Uncircumcised boys occasionally get utis in ffirst year of life. Utis are quite common in little girls, with a peak around toilet training age (2 - 3 years).! advise against using bubble-bath, and have little girls remove panties and pants and separate thighs widely to avoid labial trapping of urine. ...Read more

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What can be done for children's infections? Should we go to the doctor?

What can be done for children's infections? Should we go to the doctor?

Hard to say: You offer no specific history or description of what is happening now. To be specific, we need info to go on. The average kid has 5-7 respiratory and a couple diarheal illnesses/yr to age 5 then drops back to 3-5/1-2.If the kids problems are minor & self heal over a few days it is normal. If the kid is having significant infections like bone/joint or pneumonia then specialty consultation is needed ...Read more

Dr. Alvaro Aranda
17 Doctors shared insights

Pneumocystis Infection (Definition)

By the quasi-fungal microbe pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii), generally an opportunistic infection, usually ...Read more