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Doctor insights on: Plague Vaccine

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What does the bubonic plague vaccine have and how effective is it?

What does the bubonic plague vaccine have and how effective is it?

Bubonic plague vacci: Plague caused by bacteria Yersinia pestis, , the vaccine is prepared from Y pestisorganism grown in artficial media, inactivated with formaldehyde and preserved in 0.5%phenol. The vaccine contains trace amounts of beef-heart extract, yeast extract, agar andpeptones and peptides of soya and casein. After 3 injections of vaccines 7%do not produce antibodies, few develop low titer, so booster doses may be. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
1,082 Doctors shared insights

Vaccinations (Definition)

Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more


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What is the bubonic plague vaccine made of? How effective is it?

What is the bubonic plague vaccine made of? How effective is it?

Great question: July 14 2012- "the black plague or "black death" has a new vaccine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the antibiotic Levaquin (levofloxacin), (levofloxacin) against the bacterium Yersinia pestis. The anti-infective drugs advisory committee of the FDA recommended accelerated approval of the Levaquin (levofloxacin) vaccine, which has the possible side-effect of spontaneous tendon ruptures." Levaquin (levofloxacin) is an oral antibiotic.... ...Read more

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What does the bubonic plague vaccine have and how effective is it?

Bubonic plague vacci: Plague caused by bacteria Yersinia pestis, , the vaccine is prepared from Y pestisorganism grown in artficial media, inactivated with formaldehyde and preserved in 0.5%phenol. The vaccine contains trace amounts of beef-heart extract, yeast extract, agar andpeptones and peptides of soya and casein. After 3 injections of vaccines 7%do not produce antibodies, few develop low titer, so booster doses may be. ...Read more

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What kind of plague is still out there?

Plague: Up to 3, 000 cases of plague caused by yersinia pestis are are reported annually to the world health organization (who). Most are from asia, south america & africa. ...Read more

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Could you get plague from another person?

Could you get plague from another person?

Yes.: Plague is transmitted by flea bite, scratch or bite from infected cat, direct handling of tissue or respiratory secretion from infected animals, inhalation of aerosolized droplet from infected human, or by laboratory exposure. If your friend has plague it is best not to visit them as infection can be caused by as few as ten organisms. Plague is considered a very serious bioterror threat. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Plague?

Plague: Plague is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Yersinia pestis. Plague still exists and historically has killed millions of people. See: http://www. Who. Int/csr/disease/plague/en/ ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of the black plague nowadays?

Same as now: Most cases of plague are bubonic (swollen lymph glands). Some are associated with blood stream spread with blood vessel damage. (black plague) and some spread to the lungs which can facilitate person to person spread. ...Read more

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How many cases a year of the plague occur in the world?

How many cases a year of the plague occur in the world?

Worldwide Plague: There are regions of the world that have had over 10, 000 cases of plague over the last 10 years and other regions of the world where the data simply isn't available. So plague is still out there and there are likely many thousands of cases taking place annually throughout the globe. ...Read more

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What is the mortality rate of plague?

What is the mortality rate of plague?

15% with treatment: The death rate from plague is about 50% without treatment. In the United States, with treatment, the death rate drops to about 15%. Most cases are bubonic plague. For pneumonic plague, the death rate is 100% without treatment. Pneumonic plague is a bad infection and is considered fatal if treatment is not started within 24 hours. ...Read more

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Could it be harder for plague to spread in colder climates?

Could it be harder for plague to spread in colder climates?

Yes: It may be harder to acquire plague in colder climates due to the lack of rodents and fleas, which are responsible for the plague cycle. ...Read more

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What is pneumonic plague?

Bubonic plague: Bubonic plague is caused by bacteria Yersinia pestis also known as Pasteurela pestis, it results from bite of a infected flea which are often found on rodents such as rats and mouse, and seek out other prey when rodent dies. It is transmitted to human host by bite, it rapidly spreads to the lymph nodes and multiply. ...Read more

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What is the pneumonic plague?

See below part 1: Pneumonic plague can be primary or secondary. Primary pneumonic plague can be acquired by inhalation of respiratory secretions or aerosolized droplets from infected animals or humans, or by laboratory exposure. Secondary pneumonic plague is more common and arises via hematogenous spread of bacteria from a bubo or other source. ...Read more

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Could you die from pneumonic plague?

Yes: Pneumonic plague which is due to the bacterium yersinia pestis can be lethal. ...Read more

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How effective is the treatment for the plague?

How effective is the treatment for the plague?

Plague: The plague - bubonic plague - is caused by a particular bacteria. When it wiped out populations it was because fleas spread it and there were no antibiotics at the time. Now there are classes of antibiotics that kill the yersinia bacteria that causes it. ...Read more

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What are your thoughts on the pneumonic plague?

What are your thoughts on the pneumonic plague?

Plague: It still exists. We have plague in the southwest and west US but most are bubonic. Pneumonic plague can be a complication of bubonic plague. The lung infection can be then spread from person to person. Outbreaks in recent years have occurred in Congo and Madagascar. ...Read more

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What is the best option for prevention of the plague?

There are chain of: Events for plague to happen. Number one the bacteria, flea, rat, human being. All the four should be at the same place at the right time for plague to happen. The best and cost effective way of prevention would be eliminating the vector (flea) and the intermediate host (the rat). ...Read more

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I have the plague, what is my chances of survival with treatment?

85% or better, in US: With treatment, chances of survival with the plague is 85% or better, in the United States. The majority of cases are bubonic plague. For pneumonic plague, treatment must be started within 24 hours, in order to have a chance at survival. ...Read more

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I have the plague, what is my chances of survival without treatment?

50/50 if systemic: Without treatment you're at the mercy of your immune system. If very strong against agents like the plague you may survive. But its 50/50 if the disease is systemic (as opposed to dermal alone). Dermal plague has much better survival numbers. Get eval and treatment from your PCP or an infectious disease specialist. ...Read more

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Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 Doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more


Dr. Thomas Doyle
128 Doctors shared insights

Plague (Definition)

A rare infectious disease caused by a bacteria that is transmitted via flea bite. Symptoms of bubonic plague include fever, chills, headache, muscle pains, and the appearance of a ...Read more