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Doctor insights on: Plague Vaccine

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How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

Well..: Smallpox ended as a result of an aggressive world wide vaccination program. Polio is essentially gone in the U.S. due to vaccination efforts, but is still a problem worldwide. Bubonic and pneumonic plague are caused by same organism. It is still exists and causes disease. No one knows for sure how the plague in the Middle Ages ended. Possibly quarantine, better hygiene, and warmer climate ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
1,114 doctors shared insights

Vaccinations (Definition)

Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more


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What does the bubonic plague vaccine have and how effective is it?

What does the bubonic plague vaccine have and how effective is it?

Bubonic plague vacci: Plague caused by bacteria Yersinia pestis, , the vaccine is prepared from Y pestisorganism grown in artficial media, inactivated with formaldehyde and preserved in 0.5%phenol.The vaccine contains trace amounts of beef-heart extract, yeast extract, agar andpeptones and peptides of soya and casein.After 3 injections of vaccines 7%do not produce antibodies, few develop low titer, so booster doses may be. ...Read more

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate in theory: Conjugating the Meningococcal capsule polysaccharide to a protein backbone makes it useful in children less than 2years and facilitates immunologic memory but there are no head to head efficacy trials. ...Read more

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How is the meningococcal vaccine different from the meningococcal meningitis vaccine?

How is the meningococcal vaccine different from the meningococcal meningitis vaccine?

The same: A vaccine is a set of proteins that trigger your body to produce antibodies against a certain agent. In this case it is the agent that causes Meningococcal infections. The most serious Meningococcal infection is the one that involves the meninges of the brain. This becomes Meningococcal meningitis. Good antibodies that build up from the vaccine can protect against the meningitis. ...Read more

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When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

Fowl cholera: Fowl (or chicken) Cholera Vaccine was developed by pasteur in the late 1800s. The disease is caused by pasteurella and is not related to human cholera caused by vibrio cholerae. The human disease, originally called asiatic cholera, is now a misnomer as 90 percent or more of cases currently originate in subsaharan africa. Fowl Cholera Vaccine was never used in humans. ...Read more

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Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

No, it's alive: The live attenuated influenza vaccine (laiv) is a live-virus nasal spray flu vaccine. "attenuated" means the live-virus has been weakened so not to cause the flu in persons receiving the vaccine. Some people do get some sniffles or stuffy nose for 2-3 days, from the nasal spray FluMist vaccine. ...Read more

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How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

By making Antibodies: When M,MR injected it makes protective IGG Anibodies which are protctive against these diseases When and if you get exposed to these disease viruses the antibodies are responsible for protecting you ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: the meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or the meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate Vaccine: It is considered that conjugate vaccine provides better long term protection as compared to Polysachride Vaccine due to the mechanism by which antibody response occurs. Plysacchride Vaccine does not provide same level of Herd Immunityas is provided by Conjugate Vaccine ...Read more

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Hib vaccine doses?

Hib vaccine doses?

2,4,6 and 15 month: Hib is given as either a 3 or 4 dose series depending on which manufacturer. If the Merck product is used only 3 doses are required. If any doses are given from Sanofi, than 4 doses are required regardless if any Merck product was used. ...Read more

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Is the meningococcal vaccine the same as meningitis vaccine?

Is the meningococcal vaccine the same as meningitis vaccine?

Terminology: There are several vaccines that help reduce bacterial meningitis. The Hemophylis influenza type B (HIB) and pneumococcus are commonly given in infancy. The most common meningococcal vaccines are 2 that help protect against meningococcal strains A,C,W &Y. A newer separate vaccine is now heavily advertised in the US against meningococcal strain B. These are given to pre-teens thru adults. ...Read more

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Is the yersinia pestis bacteria (bubonic plague) transmitted by touching ?

Is the yersinia pestis bacteria (bubonic plague) transmitted by touching ?

No: Yersinia pestis is transmitted by the xenopsylla cheopis (rat flea)- the bubonic form. Also, it may be transmitted by inhalation - pneumonic form. Best to avoid individuals with the disease or areas of high infestations. Pt's with the pneumonic form will require respiratory isolation. ...Read more

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Vaccination against cholera uses which type of vaccine?

Vaccination against cholera uses which type of vaccine?

Vaxchora: “Vaxchora is a live, attenuated vaccine. The V. choleraevaccine strain in Vaxchora produces an incomplete, nontoxic version of the cholera toxin. Vaxchora replicates in the gastrointestinal tract.” It induces an anticholera immune response. REF: https://www.paxvaxconnect.com/vaxchora?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=vaxchora&utm_campaign=HCP%20Brand It's an oral vaccine approved in 2016 ...Read more

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Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more


Dr. Thomas Doyle
128 doctors shared insights

Plague (Definition)

A rare infectious disease caused by bacteria ...Read more