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Doctor insights on: Phototherapy In Neonatal Jaundice

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Dr. Robert Rahimi
387 doctors shared insights

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


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What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

Depends,often normal: Mild jaundice is common & results from the baby's GI system just maturing & being able to excrete bilirubin. This happens when the liver becomes more functional during the first week or so of life. As the baby feeds, bilirubin leaves the body in the stool (hence yellow stools) & urine. If breastmilk is not yet in, more jaundice may occur. In other babies, it can be due to more serious conditions. ...Read more

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more

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What causes most neonatal jaundice?

What causes most neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice: Most physiologic neonatal jaundice is caused by immaturity of the liver and inability to process all of the breakdown products of red blood cells leading to a build up of bilirubin. This may be exacerbated in breast fed infants. There are causes of neonatal jaundice that can represent disease states, but these are not the most n cause of neonatal jaindice. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal jaundice?

How common is neonatal jaundice?

Very: Most term normal newborns become jaundiced peaking around the 3rd to 5th day of life. Their livers being a bit immature have trouble breaking down bilirrubin, the substance that make you jaundiced. This type of jaundice resolves in the first 2 weeks. If you are nursing your baby, the yellow pigment may linger a bit. Babies that are premature or have medical problems, may have more serious jaundice. ...Read more

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How does nursing differ in neonatal, newborn, and postnatal care?

How does nursing differ in neonatal, newborn, and postnatal care?

Breastfeeding : Nursing immediately after birth, baby receives colostrum rich in protein & antibodies. At this stage, baby is just learning to suck the correct way. After 3 days, transitional milk flows - rich in fat & lactose.After 7 days, mature milk comes in - largely water but also includes carbohydrates, proteins and fat. Baby sucks better, regains birth weight and continues further weight gain. ...Read more

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Why there's indirect hyperbilirubinemia in neonate of mother with diabetes?

Neonatal Jaundice: Indirect hyperbilirubinemia is not limited to infant of diabetic moms. It is a function of the newborn being relatively ineffective at clearing old red blood cells. It can be caused by high rbc count (polycythemia) which is common in infant of diabetic moms. Also, many other causes. Easily treated and common in the newborn period. ...Read more

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Treatment of constipation in 3-4weeks old neonate?

Treatment of constipation in 3-4weeks old neonate?

Constipation: If you are breastfeeding a breast fed baby can have a stool with each feeding , go once a day or may take a week to have a stool. He is not considered constipated. If you are bottle feeding, make such he is not getting excessive amounts of milk. You may add a teaspoon or two of dark karo syrup to the formula to help the constipation. ...Read more

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What are causes of jaundice in neonatals?

Jandice: Jaundice is common and occurs in about 60 percent of newborns, more so in premies. The most common cause is physiologic, meaning due to normal changes. Then infections, blood incompatible with mothers, rare blood disorders like enzyme deficiencies or liver disorders. Most important is to know the kind of jandice - direct or indirect is elevated. There are other reasons for rare indirect. ...Read more

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For what reasons urine darkens in hepatic jaundice?

For what reasons urine darkens in hepatic jaundice?

Bilirubin in urine: Bilirubin is major breakdown product of normal red blood cell metabolism. Is normally converted by liver into bile secreted into bile ducts, stored in gall bladder & excreted into duodenum. Diseased liver, causing hepatic jaundice, can not make bile from bilirubin, skin & eyeballs turn yellow & bilirubin is excreted by kidneys which in turn darkens the urine. Hope I have explained it well enough. ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:
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Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:
Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Rarely: Jaundice caused by high level of bilirubin in blood can lead to brain damage by compromising the integrity of neuronal cells. Infants with hemolytic disease, e.g., ABO incompatiblity, are at higher risk. Extreme preemies are also at high risk even with modestly elevated bilirubin level. ...Read more

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How concerning is bilirubin in infants?

How concerning is bilirubin in infants?

Bilirubin: Mild jaundice in newborns is harmless. However, if the level gets too high, it can cause brain damage. That's why you want to make sure to have it ministered by your doctor. ...Read more

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What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

Bilirubin: Jaundice is caused by an excess of bilirubin in the blood. Blood can be tested to see how high the bilirubin is. Blood type is important as is the hemoglobin and hematocrit. ...Read more

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Is neonatal sepsis related to hbo incompatibility?

Neonatal sepsis: No it is caused from infection and has nothing to do with ABO incompatibilty. ...Read more

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What causes yellow eye color or jaundice in sickle cell patients?

What causes yellow eye color or jaundice in sickle cell patients?

Excess bilirubin: Higher amount of bilirubin produced over a level of normal excretion in sickle cell patients result in staining of sclera in eye and skin. ...Read more

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What are the tests for transient neonatal pustular melanosis?

What are the tests for transient neonatal pustular melanosis?

Visual Diagnosis: This benign skin condition seldom warrants any tests. A scraping of the pustules reveals white cells & eosinophils without germs.The eruption pattern & lack of inflammation separate it from other entities. ...Read more

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How serious is congenital CMV in a newborn?

CMV: from being asymptomatic to death hearing loss vision loss mental disability seizures lack of coordination are some of the other permanent disabilities ...Read more

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Is Albumin of 28 g/l and bilirubin of 86 umol/L indicating liver damage or failure in metastic crc patient ?

Is Albumin of 28 g/l and bilirubin of 86 umol/L indicating liver damage or failure in metastic crc patient ?

Need more info.: It's impossible to analyze individual lab values without knowing more, such as the normal ranges at that lab and other medical history at the time of the blood draw. You should ask your doctor for his opinion of those labs. An alternative would be to upload the labs here on HealthTap Prime and have one of our doctors interpret them for you, in the context of your medical history. Good luck. ...Read more

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Can cardiomyopathy in mother cause severe jaundice and low hemoglobin in 19 day old infant?

Can cardiomyopathy in mother cause severe jaundice and low hemoglobin in 19 day old infant?

Not likely: It appears your child has some kind of a hemolytic process going on. You need the immediate help of a pediatric hematologist. ...Read more

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Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


Dr. Ed Friedlander
1 doctor shared a insight

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more