Doctor insights on:
Pet Ct Esophageal Cancer Initial Staging
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
If I get radiation and chemotherapy for my esophageal cancer and have clean CT and pet scans, will I still need surgery?
Maybe: Therapy for esophageal cancer is dependent on the stage. There are IV relative stages. In the physically fit patient, the upfront therapy for stage i and iia is surgery. For stages iib and iii, the therapy of choice is chemoradiation followed by surgery. For stage iv, chemotherapy +/- radiation and no surgery. That being said 15-20% have complete eradication of tumor after chemoradiation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I have esophageal cancer and a palpable supraclavicular node left side around 1cm stable for weeks. Now found similar on right side. Had pet no lit up?
Is it possible for a cancer patient receiving chemo/ rad to develop cancer in an unrelated area? My 64 yr old father has esophageal cancer. In preparing for surgery he had a CT scan done and a 'spot' on his lung has been detected. Biopsy is scheduled, but
I : I hope your father is recovering well from his treatment and that the lung spot is nothing as many of us will have spots on ct scans. Unfortunately, however, esophageal cancer often travels (e.g. Metastasizes) to the lung. Sometimes we can help determine the need for a biopsy with a pet/ct scan which is usually part of the standard pre-surgery or pre-chemo/radiation work up for patients with esophagus cancer. The way you describe things, it sounds like the spot in the lung was found before surgery and that his doctors decided to do chemotherapy and radiation either instead of surgery or before it to try to shrink the tumor before they do an operation. If the esophagus cancer has spread to the lung, chemotherapy by itself is the best treatment. Surgery to remove the esophagus cancer is not helpful and radiation to the esophageal tumor should probably only be done if the tumor is causing symptoms that the chemotherapy is unlikely to make better on its own. In this case a short course of radiation over about 2-3 weeks would be given to try to shrink the tumor and relieve the symptoms it is causing. This is because the cancer has spread and trying to remove it from the esophagus or kill every last cell in the esophagus tumor with high-dose radiation will probably not help the patient live longer nor help him/her have a better quality of life. Therefore, if a suspicious 'spot' is found in the lung before surgery or chemotherapy and radiation, we usually biopsy it before starting treatment to make sure we don't give someone too aggressive a treatment that is unlikely to help them much. Very, very rarely, an otherwise healthy patient with esophageal cancer might have what we call "oligometastatic" disease. This means that the cancer has spread to only a few (usually 1-3) other organs or spots in the body. In this rare case, it might be reasonable to give a full course of chemotherapy and radiation to the esophagus tumor as long as the lung spot could be treated with a full dose of radiation at the same time. I've also seen patients who have unfortunately had a tumor that started in the lung (lung cancer) and one that started in the esophagus (esophageal cancer) diagnosed at the same time. In this rare case, if neither of the tumors have spread to other parts of the body, it might be reasonable to treat them both with the goal of a cure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Aggressively: Treatment depends upon stage and often includes multi-modality therapy (chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery). The therapies and the surgery can be challenging and therefore decisions need to incorporate the patient's preferences and their ability to tolerate the various treatments. In a 21 yo who is otherwise healthy, it seem reasonable to be aggressive with treatment. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not nice: Local growth may prevent swallowing even one's own saliva. The idea of gastric tube feeding seems a solution, but prolongs a life of suffering. Esophca can also metastasize. Weight loss, energy loss, weakness, dehydration. Palliative care and hospice help minimize suffering and focus on symptom relief. ...Read more
Local and distant: The most common spread is to local nodes around the esophagus. But the spread, or metastasis can be more distant such as to nodes around the celiac plexus, the region where the blood supply to the stomach arises below the diaphragm. But distant metastasis can be to nodes in the neck, particularly associated with the lymphatic chain that drains into the subclavian vein on left behind clavicle ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What are the chances of a 21 year old heavy drinker, and smoker having/developing esophageal cancer. ?
High, if you continu: Cancer of the mouth, throat and esophagus is very common among folks who smoke and also drink. You are basically adding two potent poisons and committing a slow suicide. It is still time to save yourself if you can taper off over a few months and then STOP them both completely in ...Read more
Food, not sticking but felt that it is moving slowly down,could it be esophageal cancer?(18 male)No risk factors.
Unlikely, esp at 18 : Other things would be higher on the list, primarily dysmotility. The smooth contractions within the esophageal area may not be working correctly. Or the lower esophageal sphincter may be dysfunctional. A GI doc could help determine the cause. ...Read more
Yes but...: Chronic gerd can indeed lead to esophageal cancer.Chronic reflux causes chronic irritation to the inner lining of the lower esophagus.Over time, this causes cells to change into a different form, called barrett's esophagus, which can then further transform to dysplasia and, eventually, cancer. Gerd should be treated with medication and lifestyle, and screening endoscopies. See your doctor.Good luck. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Many diseases have specific treatments based on their severity. A disease can have certain criteria to determine their severity and applying this criteria to determine how advanced the disease state is called staging. Most commonly this is applied to cancer, and be determining how far the cancer has spread locally and/or to distant sites a stage of cancer can be ...Read more
Ct uses xrays taken an 360 degrees combined with a computer to see"inside" the body. The table moves as the xray tube and detectors spin around the patient 10 times a second or more! the image shows excellent soft tissue detail, enhanced with injection of intravenous contrast or oral contrast. This way the body is shown in slices, in any plane, usually axially, but ...Read more