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Doctor insights on: Pet Brain Metabolic Evaluation

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What metabolic disorders can cause bleeding on the brain and behind the eyes?

What metabolic disorders can cause bleeding on the brain and behind the eyes?

Diabetes: Diabetes is the most common that causes bleeding in the eye. It rarely causes bleeding in the brain. Patients with uncontolled hypertension are more prone to bleeding in the eye and brain-but this is problem occuring together is rare. ...Read more

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What sort of metabolic disorders can cause epilepsy and specifically, temporal lobe epilepsy?

What sort of metabolic disorders can cause epilepsy and specifically, temporal lobe epilepsy?

Several disorders: Epilepsy (recurring seizures) can occur in several different types of inherited biochemical diseases, including organic acidemias, urea cycle disorders, fatty acid oxidation defects, and biotinidase deficiency. Temporal lobe seizures, often with sensory or auditory hallucinations, are usually not metabolic but may run in a family which is passing a genetic mutation from one generation to the next. ...Read more

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What would be d CSF test evaluation values that indicates and confirms brain metastatic cancer.please explain in detail sir.

What would be d CSF test evaluation values that indicates and confirms brain metastatic cancer.please explain in detail sir.

LP with cytology : Lumbar puncture (spinal tap). Then the Pathology department spins the fluid down in a centrifuge in order to concentrate the cells. The sediment is placed on a glass slide and stained and examined by the cytopathologist for the presence of malignant cells. ...Read more

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I suffered of anxiety during a brain MRI evaluation , and it can not be completed. What others procedures (b.Map, CT scan) are useful for the brain?

I suffered of anxiety during a brain MRI evaluation , and it can not be completed. What others procedures (b.Map, CT scan) are useful for the brain?

Options: It is not uncommon for patients undergoing MRI scans to feel claustrophobic and have to end the test prematurely. If the information needed is important to make a diagnosis or determine treatment, you can try having the procedure with an open mri. Alternatively, if your doctor needs the clarity of the regular MRI images, you may benefit from mild anti-anxiety medications taken before the scan. ...Read more

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How do u get a full evaluation of the brain, heart, blood? I'm getting very lightheaded & has had mri&ct 6mths ago normal. & had a full blood work up!

How do u get a full evaluation of the brain, heart, blood? I'm getting very lightheaded & has had mri&ct 6mths ago normal. & had a full blood work up!

Hmmm...: Well, i doubt we'll be able to do this in 400 characters, but the lightheadedness is often broken down into several categories. If it's fainting or near-fainting spells, that's called syncope or near-syncope and we usually check with a cardiologist about that. If it's like the sensation you get when you stand up too fast, it may be low blood pressure, especially if you're on meds. ...Read more

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Is a pet scan of the brain accurate?

Is a pet scan of the brain accurate?

Varies: The accuracy of the test is variable depending on which pathologic process you are evaluating in the brain (epilepsy, dementia, differentiating a recurring malignant tumor from post-radiation changes, etc). ...Read more

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Does a whole body pet scan show the brain?

Does a whole body pet scan show the brain?

If it is included: The drug given goes everywhere in the body, including the brain. How much of the body that is imaged depends on the disease being looked for. For lymphoma, scans start at the base of the brain and end at the upper thighs. For head and neck cancer, the scan is from the top of the head to the upper thighs. Melanoma includes the whole body, and seizures is just of the brain. ...Read more

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When a whole pet scan is taken can they see the brain?

When a whole pet scan is taken can they see the brain?

If it is included: The drug given goes everywhere in the body, including the brain. How much of the body that is imaged depends on the disease being looked for. For lymphoma, scans start at the base of the brain and end at the upper thighs. For head and neck cancer, the scan is from the top of the head to the upper thighs. Melanoma includes the whole body, and seizures is just of the brain. ...Read more

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What is a pet/ct fdg 18 test on the brain?

What is a pet/ct fdg 18 test on the brain?

Imaging metabolism: PET/CT of brain involves injection of isotope FDG18 intravenously and after waiting about forty five minutes imaging the brain with camera acquiring information about metabolism of brain. The isotope accumulates according to metabolic activity of brain. Can be used to detect tumors, in epilepsy for seizures, and some metabolic disorders. In general malignant processes are most active. ...Read more

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Does the brain also appear when doctors conduct a whole body pet scan?

Does the brain also appear when doctors conduct a whole body pet scan?

Yes: When a whole body pet-ct scan is ordered, it usually includes from the top of the head through the mid-thigh. That being said, the brain is very metabolically active and appears very "hot" on pet, so it is not very sensitive for detecting metastatic disease in the brain. Often, depending on the type of cancer and other factors, the screening may also include a brain mri. ...Read more

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A recent pets can revealed that an 82 year old has significant brain loss and the brain is about 29% functioning. Is that normal for that age?

A recent pets can revealed that an 82 year old has significant brain loss and the brain is about 29%  functioning.  Is that normal for that age?

No: Assuming regular exercise & proper nutrition (as well as a bit of good luck), there's no reason one has to lose brain function as we age, certainly not over 2/3 by 82yo. Moreover, a pet scan is pretty advanced in assessing brain function at that age unless you're looking for signs of alzheimer's disease. More important than scan image is clinical function. How is this 82yo doing day-to-day? ...Read more

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Pet/ct fdg 18 test on the brain, what does this mean?

Pet/ct fdg 18 test on the brain, what does this mean?

Imaging metabolism: PET/CT of brain involves injection of isotope FDG18 intravenously and after waiting about forty five minutes imaging the brain with camera acquiring information about metabolism of brain. The isotope accumulates according to metabolic activity of brain. Can be used to detect tumors, in epilepsy for seizures, and some metabolic disorders. In general malignant processes are most active. ...Read more

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How can I ask for an MRI or PET scan to see if there are any anomalies in my brain?

How can I ask for an MRI or PET scan to see if there are any anomalies in my brain?

Need To See MD: You can not ask for a test to be done as these can only be ordered by a Physician and only if there is clear cut indication.You need to consult your Doctor for the symptoms you are having.Your doctor will take a detailed history and do an exam.Based on that he will decide if you need any tests done including imaging like MRI etc.So if you have any symptoms consult your Doctor ...Read more

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Is there a way to check dopamine levels in the brain? Would a pet scan be of any benefit?

Is there a way to check dopamine levels in the brain? Would a pet scan be of any benefit?

PET scan: Pet scans in hospitals use glucose metabolism to measure body function. The majority of pet scans are done to look for cancer growth and recurrence there are markers for Dopamine but these are still largely in preclinical or experimental design stages. Besides, parkinson's disease, work is underway to enable pet scans to diagnose alzheimer's disease as well. Excellent question. ...Read more

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In a patient who has a very fast growing/high metabolic activity cancer, how small a tumor can be detected on a high-res pet scan?

In a patient who has a very fast growing/high metabolic activity cancer, how small a tumor can be detected on a high-res pet scan?

1-2 centimeters: The sensitivity of pet scanning (in combination with ct) is dependent on the origin and metabolic activity of the cancer and the part of the body that is being scanned. In general, most 2 cm cancers will be identified; as many as 1/3 of all cancers less than 1cm may be missed. ...Read more

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What does the pet/ct scan of the brain tell you?

What does the pet/ct scan of the brain tell you?

Looking for what?: It depends on what is being looked for. Pet/ct looks at the metabolism. Or the function of the area scanned (brain in this case), using different radioactive drugs, or tracers. The most common is f-18 fdg, an analog of glucose, which images glucose consumption. Other radiotracers look at protein synthesis or for evidence of the plaques that are associated with alzheimer's. ...Read more

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Can a PET or functional MRI see level of dopamine in the brain?

Not exact levels: But dopamine transporter imaging with Single -Photon Emission Computed Tomography(DaT-SPECT) is semiquantitative(not exact levels but ranges) and more of a functional form of imaging(to see where there is dopaminergic activity or the lack thereof). Unfortunately, its not readily available and is more so used research wise. ...Read more

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Should I freak out if after PET scan saw metabolic activity in my psoas muscle & want to biopsy the muscle? R there problems in biopsying this muscle?

Should I freak out if after PET scan saw metabolic activity in my psoas muscle & want to biopsy the muscle? R there problems in biopsying this muscle?

Testing : Undergoing tests and waiting for results can be anxiety provoking . If there is an indication to do a PET scan and result shows a positive finding then you must get biopsy and follow recommendations by your physician. Biopsies are generally tolerated well although there can be some risk of infection , bleeding . Good luck ! ...Read more

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Does metabolism of the brain mean cancer somewhere in your body? Dr. Said pet scan to be done to look for cancer due to brain metabolism. Confused!

Does metabolism of the brain mean cancer somewhere in your body?  Dr. Said pet scan to be done to look for cancer due to brain metabolism. Confused!

PET scan: There are many causes of abnormalities seen on pet scan. Pet scans reveal brain metabolism. Tumors can alter brain metabolism but not all causes of abnormal brain metabolism shown on pet scan are tumors. ...Read more

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