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Doctor insights on: Periventricular Leukomalacia And Cerebral Palsy

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Cerebral palsy and myoclonus related?

Cerebral palsy and myoclonus related?

Spasticity: CP and myoclonus involve over active stretch reflexes. They are caused by release of these reflexes from higher cortical brain control. ...Read more

Palsy (Definition)

...is a corruption of French "paralise" from Latinized Greek "paralysis." In the old days it meant any kind of persistent weakness. To this day Parkinson's disease is also called "paralysis agitans" which is a Latin translation of Dr. Parkinson's original name for it, the "shaking palsy." We've obviously reborrowed the full form "paralysis" into English as well; today ...Read more


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What is periventricular leukomalasia (pvl)?

What is periventricular leukomalasia (pvl)?

A problem...: Pvl as defined above is an type of brain injury that occurs in infants; the tissues surrounding the "ventricles"(which house fluid) are damaged leading to 'holes'. The problem arises in that there is no curative treatment for this disorder as of today; treatment focuses on helping the baby/child cope with the developmental and neurological consequences of the disorder in the first 2 years of life. ...Read more

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Are cerebral palsy and epilepsy related?

Are cerebral palsy and epilepsy related?

Yes: Epilepsy refers to a seizure disorder. Children with CP have a static brain injury. This can result in some cases in abnormal bursts of activity (seizures). Not every child w CP has seizures but certainly more than the general population. ...Read more

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What is cerebral palsy?

What is cerebral palsy?

Cerebral palsy is a : Group of disorders of impaired motor functions that are described by the way they limit mobility & hand use. Most commonly from a fetal brain malformation or injury that occurred any time from the 3rd week of gestation till term, about 10-20% of cases occur from asphyxia during labor & delivery or in the first years of life. Pediatric, early intervention services & subspecialty care all help. ...Read more

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What is cerebral cortical atrophy?

What is cerebral cortical atrophy?

Loss of brain cells: This is a finding on either a CT scan or MRI of the brain. It is commonly seen in the elderly and can be a normal finding as we age. We tend to lose neurons or brain cells as we get older. This process can be increased with certain disease states such as dementia, infection, or poor nutrition. Typically this finding is coupled with cognitive impairment such as decreased memory or behavior problems ...Read more

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What is spastic dyplegia of cerebral palsy?

What is spastic dyplegia of cerebral palsy?

Legs>arms: Spastic diplegia is a condition in which the lower extremities are more affected than uppers. Intelligence may be normal and ambulation with braces or ankle supports may be good ...Read more

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What causes cerebral palsy in children?

What causes cerebral palsy in children?

Hard to say: CP is caused by any injury to motor cortex in the brain from the point they become active in pregnancy to the 3rd birthday (research definition).These include loss of oxygen, blood flow, glucose (fuel), infection, trauma, etc. Studies show over half those with symptoms evident by age 7 had a normal pregnancy labor and delivery. The extent of impairment is quite variable. ...Read more

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What is periventricular leukomalacia?

What is periventricular leukomalacia?

PVL is caused by : lack of blood flow & oxygen to the white matter around the ventricles of the brain, an area most susceptible to damage around the end of the 2nd trimester. Severity of impairment varies widely, but isn't seen right away. Start Early Intervention therapy at 4-6 weeks as "Early Prevention" for optimal outcome. See: http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/cause/periventricular-leukomalacia/ ...Read more

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Is cerebral palsy curable?

By definition - NO: Cerebral palsy is a static encephalopathy. This means that it is a stable and permanent disorder of motor control. Many children learn to control so well that they may appear normal. Their disorder is present but just so well controlled that it takes special testing to detect. Other patients are severely affected and must be in wheelchairs with casts and braces and lots of special help. ...Read more

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Mild cerebral and cerebellar atropy, mild ventriculomegaly and mild periventricular ischaemic white matter pallor at the age of 55?

Mild cerebral and cerebellar atropy, mild ventriculomegaly and mild periventricular ischaemic white matter pallor at the age of 55?

What's the question: The changes in the brain are abnormal, in tune with dementia, alzheimer's, vascular or another type. But you didn't formulate the question so i will stop right here. ...Read more

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What causes cerebral palsy in child?

What  causes cerebral palsy in child?

Difficult to know: We understand that this relates to an injury to the nerves that control movement & posture within the region of the brain called the motor cortex. By definition the injury can happen any time from when the nerves form to the 3rd birthday (research definition).Whether this is from poor blood flow, silent stroke, low blood sugar, toxin or infection, no specific cause is apparent ...Read more

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What is the meaning of cerebral palsy spastic diplegia?

What is the meaning of cerebral palsy spastic diplegia?

Stiff legs from CP: Cerebral palsy describes disorders of movement & posture related to injury to the developing nervous system before the third birthday.(pregnancy, labor, delivery or after) an injury to the brain cells that handle the motor functions of the lower extremities can produce diplegia (two limb) stiffness.This injury has been associated with a brain hemorrhage near the motor cells. ...Read more

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What causes cerebral palsy?

What causes cerebral palsy?

Injury to nerves: CP results from an stable (non-progessive) injury to brain cells that are devoted to movement, muscle control & posture. The injury can be lack of nutrients (oxygen, glucose) due to blood flow problems or hemorrhage or infection (virus, parasite, bacteria).The injury can occur during pregnancy, labor, delivery or the first 3 yrs. ...Read more

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What causes cerebral palsy?

Cerebral palsy: Cerebral palsy is caused by an abnormality or disruption in brain development, usually before a child is born. Causes include: random mutations in genes, maternal infections that affect the developing fetus, lack of oxygen or blood flow to the brain, infant infections that cause inflammation in or around the brain, traumatic head injury to an infant from a motor vehicle accident, fall or abuse. ...Read more

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Is cerebral palsy the outcome of in utero stroke?

Is cerebral palsy the outcome of in utero stroke?

Not routinely: Not in the usual sense that we think of strokes: blocked arteries cutting off circulation or bleeding into a localized area. For a good summary from the nih, see: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0001734/. ...Read more

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MRI brain results Impression- there is cerebral atrophy with subcortical WMC, consistent wit microangiopathic disease, demyelination, or giliosis?

MRI brain results  Impression- there is cerebral atrophy with subcortical WMC, consistent wit microangiopathic disease, demyelination, or giliosis?

Covering the bases: That signal that is seen in patients who age is seen very frequently. Most of the time it is what has become known as microangiopathic disease or small vessel disease. Demyelination and gliosis come with a more notable history. Gliosis or scarring and demyelination also produces symptoms that MRI is useful for. Depends on why you had the MRI in the first place. The first entity more common than 2 ...Read more

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I was born with cerebral palsy. Can cerebral palsy lead to als? Are people with cerebral palsy at risk for als?

I was born with cerebral palsy. Can cerebral palsy lead to als? Are people with cerebral palsy at risk for als?

NO: CP is not a known cause of als. And ALS is not a result of cp. We do not know the cause of als. It has never been associated with cp. ...Read more

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Dr. Elizabeth Finley-Belgrad
37 doctors shared insights

Periventricular Leukomalacia (Definition)

Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a form of white-matter brain injury, characterized by the necrosis (more often coagulation) of white matter near the lateral ventricles. It can affect newborns and (less commonly) fetuses; premature infants are at the greatest ...Read more


Dr. William Singer
1,075 doctors shared insights

Paralysis (Definition)

A paralyzed limb cannot be voluntarily moved, and the term reflects leg involvement, paraplegia, full body, quadriplegia, and less than full, tetraplegia. Causes can be many, including stroke, trauma, ...Read more