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Doctor insights on: Peripheral Vascular Disease Pathophysiology

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What causes peripheral vascular disease?

What causes peripheral vascular disease?

PVD: read this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peripheral_vascular_disease

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Dr. Joel Gotvald
331 doctors shared insights

Vascular Disease (Definition)

The vascular system is made up with 3 components, arteries, veins, and lymph channels. The most common description of vascular disease is usually associated with arterial insufficiency, also known as PAD. This usually is more of an issue as people age, who also have associated medical conditions to include diabetes, hypertension, heart ...Read more


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What is peripheral vascular disease?

What is peripheral vascular disease?

Extremity disease: Peripheral artery disease refers to blood vessel disease which occurs outside the central core of the body, usually in the legs or arms, though erectile dysfunction is in fact also a form of peripheral artery disease. The symptoms of peripheral vascular disease vary based on the location and vessel affected. ...Read more

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Could peripheral vascular disease cause heart attack?

Could peripheral vascular disease cause heart attack?

NO: Coronary artery disease can cause a heart attack, not peripheral vascular disease. "Peripheral" refers to the extremities (arms & legs), so PVD is blood vessel disease that affects the arms or legs (not the heart). Peripheral artery disease does increase the chances that the same individual may have coronary artery disease of the heart, so it is reasonable to screen PAD partients for heart dis. ...Read more

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Are femoral bruits associated with peripheral vascular disease?

Are femoral bruits associated with peripheral vascular disease?

Often they are: A bruit is a noise that is heard with a stethoscope reflecting turbulent flow. IT can be a normal finding and is non specific. It is often associated with narrowing of arteries, however that is unlikely in a 33 year old. THe pest way to tell if you have "PVD" is to have a physician measure the pressure in your feet and calculate an "ABI" (foot pressure/arm pressure) value of 0.9 or more is normal ...Read more

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Is peripheral vascular disease considered reversible?

Is peripheral vascular disease considered reversible?

Not really: Peripheral vascular disease is not necessarily reversible, but its risk can be successfully managed. The pillars of treatment are, 1) smoking cessation, 2) anti- platelet therapy (aspirin/ plavix), and 3) statin therapy to lower cholesterol. There have been anecdotal reports of plaque reversal but this does not happen for everybody. ...Read more

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How are arteriosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease different?

How are arteriosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease different?

PVD/PAD/atherosclero: Pvd/pad/atherosclerosis are one in the same. Plaque causes stenosis of arteries. Plaque can be soft or heavily calcified. Board certified surgeons should be able to offer you the best treatment options depending on location, quality of symptoms and co-morbidities. Vascular surgeon can offer all therapies including endovascular, open and medical modalities. ...Read more

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What is defined as peripheral vascular disease?

What is defined as peripheral vascular disease?

Blockage in arteries: When the arteries in your legs become blocked, your legs do not receive enough blood or oxygen, -that's pvd! pad can cause discomfort or pain when you walk. The pain can occur in your hips, buttocks, thighs, knees, or feet. Leg artery disease is considered a type of PVD because it affects the arteries, blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to you. 1/3 people age 70 or older have pvd. ...Read more

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What is intracranial vascular disease?

What is intracranial vascular disease?

Brain arteries: This refers to narrowing of the arteries within the skull. This is usually the branches of the internal carotid artery within the brain. ...Read more

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What are the differences between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

What are  the differences between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Different vessels: Arteries carry oxygenated "nutritious" blood to veins carry the "used up" blood that has the cellular wastes back from the tissues to be cleansed. Artery disease means that the tissues starve from lack of food. Vein disease means they cannot get rid of their wastes. Vein disease occurs from ankles to knees with ulcers, brown staining and swelling. Artery disease occurs at toes, bluish color/cold. ...Read more

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Can you explain the difference between pad (peripheral artery disease) and pvd (peripheral vascular disease)?

Actually None: The diseases involved and the problems caused are essentially the same. But over time it has become standard to refer to these problems as pad. ...Read more

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Is coronary vascular (artery) disease hereditable?

Is coronary vascular (artery) disease hereditable?

Absolutely: Genes play a large part in acquiring heart disease. Treatment of modifiable risk factors such as smoking, cholesterol , hypertension and diabetes is even more important in those with a family history. ...Read more

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Whats collagen vascular disease?

Whats collagen vascular disease?

Collagen Vascular : These are diseases that attack the connective tissues of blood vessels. They are typically autoimmune disorders characterized by overactivity of the immune system resulting in auto-antibodies that attack the collagen connective tissue of blood vessels & other tissues, resulting in inlammation & weakness of the connecitve tissues. Examples are lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, & sjogren's. ...Read more

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Is ischemic microvascular brain disease related to stroke?

Is ischemic microvascular brain disease related to stroke?

See comments: Are you referring to radiology reading of an MRI of brain? In elderly, often thought that white matter lesions are associated with "microvascular angiopathy", sign of potential atherosclerosis. Maybe potential stroke risk, especially lacunar infarct, but not straightforwards. Your physician needs to assess stroke risk. Spots more likely from migraine or prior injury. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Is there a difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Yes: They are completely different. Venous disease is somewhat genetic, but if people lived long enough almost everyone would probably get venous disease at some point in their life. In fact 15% of the adult population has venous disease. Arterial disease, in contrast, is not as common in the general population. It occurs in smokers, diabetics, and in people with high blood pressure and cholesterol. ...Read more

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What is degenerative vascular disease?

Atherosclerotic : Degenerative vascular disease refers to atherosclerotic disease. It is not vascular disease in a 'degenerate'. We call it degenerative because the vessels begin to degenerate from the damage to their walls. ...Read more

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How can peripheral vascular disease affect cardiac output?

Obstruction: The peripheral vessels are atherosclerotic-hardened and frequently partially blocked. The heart is pumping into a stiff set of pipes. Hypertension, high resistance have some effect. Many folks with PVD also have coronary disease. Up to 30-40%. ...Read more

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How can peripheral vascular disease affect cardiac output?

How can  peripheral vascular disease affect cardiac output?

Obstruction: The peripheral vessels are atherosclerotic-hardened and frequently partially blocked. The heart is pumping into a stiff set of pipes. Hypertension, high resistance have some effect. Many folks with PVD also have coronary disease. Up to 30-40%. ...Read more

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What is the difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

What is the difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Artery vs vein: think of one (Periph artery disease) as problems with the vessels in charge of delivering blood, oxygen. and nutrients to the tissues and the other (peripheral venous disease) as problems with the vessels in charge of returning that blood to the heart. ...Read more

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Dr. Wayne Ingram
12 doctors shared insights

Peripheral Vascular Disease (Definition)

Pvd is a catch-all term that may indicate venous or arterial dz. Usually docs use this term to indicate blockages(plaque buildup) in the arteries. However, some docs refer to swelling and discoloration ...Read more


Dr. Joel Gotvald
430 doctors shared insights

Peripheral Vascular Disease (Definition)

A circulatory condition in which narrowed blood vessels reduce blood ...Read more