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Doctor insights on: Peripheral Arterial Disease Emedicine

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What causes peripheral vascular disease?

What causes peripheral vascular disease?

PVD: read this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peripheral_vascular_disease

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Dr. J. Lawrence Dohan
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Artery (Definition)

Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more


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What is peripheral vascular disease?

What is peripheral vascular disease?

Extremity disease: Peripheral artery disease refers to blood vessel disease which occurs outside the central core of the body, usually in the legs or arms, though erectile dysfunction is in fact also a form of peripheral artery disease. The symptoms of peripheral vascular disease vary based on the location and vessel affected. ...Read more

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Can you explain the difference between pad (peripheral artery disease) and pvd (peripheral vascular disease)?

Actually None: The diseases involved and the problems caused are essentially the same. But over time it has become standard to refer to these problems as pad. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Is there a difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Yes: They are completely different. Venous disease is somewhat genetic, but if people lived long enough almost everyone would probably get venous disease at some point in their life. In fact 15% of the adult population has venous disease. Arterial disease, in contrast, is not as common in the general population. It occurs in smokers, diabetics, and in people with high blood pressure and cholesterol. ...Read more

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What are the differences between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

What are  the differences between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Different vessels: Arteries carry oxygenated "nutritious" blood to veins carry the "used up" blood that has the cellular wastes back from the tissues to be cleansed. Artery disease means that the tissues starve from lack of food. Vein disease means they cannot get rid of their wastes. Vein disease occurs from ankles to knees with ulcers, brown staining and swelling. Artery disease occurs at toes, bluish color/cold. ...Read more

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What is the difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

What is the difference between peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disease?

Artery vs vein: think of one (Periph artery disease) as problems with the vessels in charge of delivering blood, oxygen. and nutrients to the tissues and the other (peripheral venous disease) as problems with the vessels in charge of returning that blood to the heart. ...Read more

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Is peripheral vascular disease considered reversible?

Is peripheral vascular disease considered reversible?

Not really: Peripheral vascular disease is not necessarily reversible, but its risk can be successfully managed. The pillars of treatment are, 1) smoking cessation, 2) anti- platelet therapy (aspirin/ plavix), and 3) statin therapy to lower cholesterol. There have been anecdotal reports of plaque reversal but this does not happen for everybody. ...Read more

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Could peripheral vascular disease cause heart attack?

Could peripheral vascular disease cause heart attack?

NO: Coronary artery disease can cause a heart attack, not peripheral vascular disease. "Peripheral" refers to the extremities (arms & legs), so PVD is blood vessel disease that affects the arms or legs (not the heart). Peripheral artery disease does increase the chances that the same individual may have coronary artery disease of the heart, so it is reasonable to screen PAD partients for heart dis. ...Read more

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Is coronary vascular (artery) disease hereditable?

Is coronary vascular (artery) disease hereditable?

Absolutely: Genes play a large part in acquiring heart disease. Treatment of modifiable risk factors such as smoking, cholesterol , hypertension and diabetes is even more important in those with a family history. ...Read more

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Are femoral bruits associated with peripheral vascular disease?

Are femoral bruits associated with peripheral vascular disease?

Often they are: A bruit is a noise that is heard with a stethoscope reflecting turbulent flow. IT can be a normal finding and is non specific. It is often associated with narrowing of arteries, however that is unlikely in a 33 year old. THe pest way to tell if you have "PVD" is to have a physician measure the pressure in your feet and calculate an "ABI" (foot pressure/arm pressure) value of 0.9 or more is normal ...Read more

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What caused what? Dm, anemia, htn, hyperlipidemia, peripheral vascular disease, coronary art.Disease, pulm.Htn, copd, chf, afib, kidney dis., andcva?

What caused what? Dm, anemia, htn, hyperlipidemia, peripheral vascular disease, coronary art.Disease, pulm.Htn, copd, chf, afib,  kidney dis., andcva?

Difficult to say: Lot of the listed diagnoses may be caused by environmental or dietary habits like poor diet and tobacco use, although hereditary predilection may also play a role. Chronic effects of tobacco on the health of an individual has been extensively documented and it's listed at this cdc link: http://www.Cdc.Gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/health_effects/effects_cig_smoking/index.Htm. ...Read more

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Could an ECG detect pad -peripheral arterial disease?

Could an ECG detect pad -peripheral arterial disease?

ECG: Ecg records electrical activity from the heart. There are no ECG findings which would 'detect' peripheral arterial disease. There are ECG findings which suggest heart artery disease and artery disease is not usually localized to only one vascular bed so pad would be probable if CAD were present. ...Read more

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Do peripheral arterial disease and heart disease share preventive measures?

Yes.: Cardiovascular disease is a systemic process. By taking measures to reduce the risk of heart disease, you are also reducing the same risks that cause peripheral arterial disease (pad). These measures include control of high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol; regular physical activity; and not smoking. A cardiocentric approach is required to reduce the impact on clinical outcomes. ...Read more

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Dr. Laura Pak Dr. Pak
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Can you naturally reverse atherosclerosis, poor circulation, peripheral artery disease?

Dr. Laura Pak Dr. Pak
3 doctors agreed:
Can you naturally reverse atherosclerosis, poor circulation, peripheral artery disease?

You can slow it down: We start to develop atherosclerosis in our 30's and generally it progresses as we age. People who have a family history of heart disease or stroke are more susceptible. You can slow down the progression of this disease by watching your cholesterol, keeping your blood pressure in check, attaining your ideal body weight and quitting smoking. Regular exercise, stress management and good eating helps! ...Read more

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How are arteriosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease different?

How are arteriosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease different?

PVD/PAD/atherosclero: Pvd/pad/atherosclerosis are one in the same. Plaque causes stenosis of arteries. Plaque can be soft or heavily calcified. Board certified surgeons should be able to offer you the best treatment options depending on location, quality of symptoms and co-morbidities. Vascular surgeon can offer all therapies including endovascular, open and medical modalities. ...Read more

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What tests confirm peripheral arterial disease?

What tests  confirm peripheral arterial disease?

ABI/PRESSURES: Ankle brachial index(abi) measures the difference in blood pressures between the arms and legs and arterial ultrasound which is a type of imaging test can be used in conjunction with this to establish this diagnosis along with an appropriate history. ...Read more

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Peripheral vascular diseases always or only sometimes predicts carotid disease?

Peripheral vascular diseases always or only sometimes predicts carotid disease?

Sometimes: Athersclerosis is a systemic disease. This means it can affect any and all arteries. Having evidence of atherosclerosis in any arterial bed increase the risk of having it in others. However, it is not uncommon to find atherosclerosis affecting only certain arteries (legs) and not others (carotids). Why this occurs is not fully understood. If you have pad, you have 2x the risk of stroke or mi. ...Read more

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Dr. Bradley Thomas
383 doctors shared insights

Peripheral Arterial Disease (Definition)

PEripheral arterial disease refers generally to the arterial supply to the extremities and can involve vessels of any size. Diseases like diabetes tend to affect the small arterial vessels while atherosclerosis from high cholesterol, hypertension, or smoking to name a few can affect vessels if any size. The concern is inadequate blood and oxygen to ...Read more