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Doctor insights on: Pericarditis Myocarditis Endocarditis Develop

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How do pericarditis myocarditis and endocarditis develop?

How do pericarditis myocarditis and endocarditis develop?

Similar & different: Infection can cause all three of these entities, however combination of all three is rather uncommon. Endocarditis is typically caused by a bacteria and rarely as an end result of major illness (lupus, etc.), myocarditis is very typically viral in etiology, and pericarditis can be infectious in etiology, or due to radiation, connective tissue disease (lupus or the like) or renal failure. ...Read more

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Dr. Martin Raff
241 doctors shared insights

Endocarditis (Definition)

An infection of the inner lining of your heart. It generally occurs when bacteria or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage or destroy your heart valves and can ...Read more


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How do pericarditis, myocarditis, and endocarditis differ?

Location: Each of these involves infection or inflammation of the heart. Pericarditis is infection or inflammation of the outside lining of the heart. Myocarditis is inflammation or infection of the heart muscle. Endocarditis is infection or inflammation of the heart valves. ...Read more

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Does rheumatic fever cause mitral valve disease?

Does rheumatic fever cause mitral valve disease?

Yes: One of the features of rheumatic fever is pan-carditis, meaning that all layers of the heart are inflamed. Involvement of the mitral valve occurs 10x more often in women and aortic valve disease 4x more often in men. Quite frequently both the aortic and mitral valves are involved, with the tricuspid next in frequency and the pulmonic the least common. This can result in many complications. ...Read more

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What are pericardial tamponade, myocardial contusion, flail chest?

What are pericardial tamponade, myocardial contusion, flail chest?

See below: Pericardial tamponade is a serious emergency problem of fluid or blood collection in the sac around the heart, causing heart dysfunction. Myocardial contusion is a potentially serious condition of direct trauma and bruising of the heart muscle. Flail chest is a serious problem of multiple rib fractures in several locations on one side of the chest resulting in the lung to not expand correctly. ...Read more

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Is viral cardiomyopathy deadly?

Is viral cardiomyopathy deadly?

Sometimes: Cardiomyopathy varies greatly in severity. If the heart muscle is extremely weakened, then the cardiomyopathy could be deadly. But in many cases, the cardiomyopathy is mild and should be well tolerated. So it really depends on how severe the problem is. ...Read more

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Why would acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing mitral valve stenosis?

Why would acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing mitral valve stenosis?

No one really knows: Good question. But the answer is obscure. Rheumatic fever also affects the aortic valve. But why it targets valves on the right side of the heart is unclear. These are valves that are subject to greater pressures whih may be a reason. ...Read more

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What streptococcus causes infective endocarditis?

What streptococcus causes infective endocarditis?

Endocarditis: It is estimated that about 2/3 of the cases of endocarditis are caused by streptococcal bacteria. Streptococcal bacteria causing endocarditis include streptococcus viridans as well as groups a, c, and g streptococcal bacteria. ...Read more

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Can myocarditis hereditary?

Can myocarditis hereditary?

No: Myocarditis is not really a genetic disease. Genetic factors passed on to children can make them more susceptible. ...Read more

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Why does acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve to cause mitral valve stenosis?

It can target any va: Rheumatic fever is no respecter of valves. Mitral valve, followed by aortic valve involvement occur. Rarely is the pulmonic or tricuspid valve involved. Of course, joints, skin (rash) nodules and various neurologic sequelae are also found. ...Read more

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Why does subacute bacterial endocarditis may give embolic manifestation but not in acute rheumatic fever?

Why does  subacute bacterial endocarditis may give embolic manifestation but not in acute rheumatic fever?

Debris breaks off : Rheumatic fever is a misguided attack on your heart by your own immune system. Rheumatic fever creates damage that can cause susceptiblity to endocarditis. In bacterial endocarditis, colonies of bacteria develop on a heart valve or other intravascular structure. Clumps of bacteria, infection fighting cells or other debris can break off and travel through the body. ...Read more

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Who gets rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic fever : People who get acute rheumatic fever secondary to streptococcal pharyngitis are the recipients of rheumatic heart disease. During ARF patients get pancarditis, an inflammatory process which involves all layers of the heart tissues and which can produce differing degrees of permanent damage. ...Read more

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Which is non rheumatic mitral valve disease, unspecified?

Which is non rheumatic mitral valve disease, unspecified?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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Difference between rheumatic fever vs rheumatic heart disease?

Difference between rheumatic fever vs rheumatic heart disease?

ARF can cause RHD: Acute rheumatic fever is an immunologic response to a strep infection. It can cause fever, rash, arthritis and can damage the heart. Not everyone who gets acute rheumatic fever get permanent heart disease. Rheumatic heart disease is due to heart damage from acute rheumatic fever. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of pericardial tuberculosis (tuberculous pericarditis)?

What are the symptoms of pericardial tuberculosis (tuberculous pericarditis)?

Rare: Tb is fortunately become more rare in this country but you should see your physician for a PPD test if you think you have been exposed. Tb can cause constriction of the pericardium which results in edema and shortness if breath. ...Read more

Dr. J. patrick Tokarz
208 doctors shared insights

Pericarditis (Definition)

A condition in which you experience an inflammation of the pericardium, two thin layers of a sac-like tissue that surrounds the heart, holds it in place ...Read more


Dr. Vipin Khetarpal
523 doctors shared insights

Myocarditis (Definition)

Inflammation of the middle layer ...Read more