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Doctor insights on: Pediatric Open Heart Surgery

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Is CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) an open heart surgery or closed heart surgery?

Is CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) an open heart surgery or closed heart surgery?

Not necessarily: A CABG if done without cardiopulmonary bypass (cpb) does not require the heart to be opened, however most cabgs are done with cpb requires cannula placement in the heart. However, most people consider any surgery on the heart where the chest is opened open heart surgery. ...Read more

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Dr. Frederick Tibayan
358 doctors shared insights

Heart Surgery (Definition)

Open intervention on the heart to correct congenital cardiac anomalies, repair replace heart valves, ascending aortic dissection repair, coronary bypass, heart transplant, surgical removal of heart tumors, ventricular assist devices, cox maze procedures to cure atrial fibrillation, repair of trauma to the heart. Repair of iatrogenic injuries to heart, heart-lung ...Read more


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Who performed the first open heart surgery?

Who performed the first open heart surgery?

Not enough info: Open heart surgery may simply refer to an exposed heart in the chest. The surgery itself may be as simple as a biopsy or as complicated as a vessel bypass with valve replacement and aneurysm repair. You may also be referring to the use of cardiopulmonary bypass which allows surgeons to stop the heart and essentially pumps blood to the other vital organs while the heart is repaired. ...Read more

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Can heart bypass surgery require cracking the chest open?

Can heart bypass surgery require cracking the chest open?

Sternal incision: The sternum- breast bone is cut with a special saw and wired back together at completion and heals well in general. Done for most congenital, valvular and coronary operations for great exposure and safety and avoids other incisions in chest or groin! ...Read more

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Open heart surgery--success rate if ebstein's?

Open heart surgery--success rate if ebstein's?

Depends: Ebstein's anomaly may require surgery, but as with most procedures, varies with the surgeon and institution. It is almost totally a function of volume of cases done. So look for teams with published experience since a quoted rate may not apply to the institution you're looking at for help. It's the "your mileage may vary" disclaimer. ...Read more

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Is minimally invasive heart surgery the same as open heart surgery?

Is minimally invasive heart surgery the same as open heart surgery?

Mostly....: The biggest difference is usually the incision size, with minimally invasive being smaller and often avoiding opening the breastbone. The actual surgical procedure, such as valve repair or bypass is often identical to the traditional approach. ...Read more

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Do heart bypass surgeries require cracking the chest open?

Do heart bypass surgeries require cracking the chest open?

No: Minimally invasive cardiac surgery has been around for more than 20 years. This can be done thorascopically, or with a minimal chest incision. ...Read more

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Is tricuspid valve surgery open heart?

Is tricuspid valve surgery open heart?

Yes: It's an open heart surgery in order to replace the valve or repair it with a ring. There are no good percutaneous options at the moment. ...Read more

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Who does an open heart surgery?

Who does an open heart surgery?

Heart surgeons: Heart surgeons are medical doctors who have completed 4 years of medical school, 5 years of general surgery residency, and 2-3 years of cardiothoracic residency. Don't let anyone else operate on you. ...Read more

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Cardiologists, what are the risks congenital heart defect corrective surgery?

Cardiologists, what are the risks congenital heart defect corrective surgery?

Depends on defect: Many factors contribute to risks of congenital heart disease Very simple defects usually routinely repaired and uneventful. More complex lesions more difficult and intricate to repair. Some fixes require multiple surgeries. Usually should be performed by experienced pediatric cardiac surgeons, Support personell help things run smoothly.Age of child and any associated comorbidities. ...Read more

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Why are arteries closed after open heart surgery?

Why are arteries closed after open heart surgery?

Many reasons: There are many reasons why arteries are closed after coronary artery surgery. Remember that surgery "bypasses" and does not remove blockages. Most importantly surgery does not chnage the medical problems which caused the blockages (such as cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle) and unless these are addressed the arteries will continue to close. ...Read more

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Why is open heart surgery necessary?

Why is open heart surgery necessary?

Last resort: Heart surgery is typically held in reserve for patients with problems that are life-threatening that cannot be fixed with medications or fixed with percutaneous procedures performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. ...Read more

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When is open heart surgery absolutely necessary for leaky heart valves?

When is open heart surgery absolutely necessary for leaky heart valves?

Function: When the patient begins to develop symptoms of heart failure, either right or left sided, which is poorly treated with medical therapy, it is time for surgical intervention. Surgery should be done before the changes become too severe or permanent. ...Read more

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How is the open heart surgery performed?

How is the open heart surgery performed?

Bypass: The heart is stopped and the blood returning to the heart is instead diverted to the pump oxygenator, a machine that adds oxygen to the blood which is then pumped back into the aorta. So the surgery can be done with the heart stopped and with the blood bypassing the heart chambers. After the surgery on the heart is completed, the blood is directed back through the heart and lungs. ...Read more

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Anesthesiology consultation required before C-section if heart disease?

Anesthesiology consultation required before C-section if heart disease?

Absolutely: If you have heart disease, it is essential that your anesthesiologist knows the details. Consultation allows us to get records and create a plan in advance. This could be difference between life and death, depending on nature of disease. Also may be necessary to go to another hospital with specialists if your disease is severe and the necessary resources are not available. ...Read more

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Complications from having open heart surgery and getting aortic valve replacement?

Complications from having open heart surgery and getting aortic valve replacement?

There are several: The complications of aortic valve replacement include bleeding, blood transfusions, stroke, infection, renal failure, reoperation, atrial fibrillation and death. Therre are more as well. Fortunately the risks of aortic valve surgery are relatively small for most patients. The exact risks vary from patient to patient. The average risk of death is about 1-2% for most aortic valve replacements. ...Read more

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How costly is open heart surgery?

How costly is open heart surgery?

It depends: The cost will depend on your insurance carrier. The hospitals typically bill around $40-$50, 000 for the entire procedure and hospitalization. ...Read more

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What are the condition requiring open heart surgery?

It depends: Generally, for valvular disease, severity of symptoms as well as echocardiographic findings and changes may require ohs. For coronary artery disease and dysrhythmia, again symptoms or in the absence of which, results of ekg, stress test, and angiographic findings may suffice in decision-making. Sometimes, depending upon the age, risk, and findings, non-ohs may be a better alternative, e.g. Plasty. ...Read more

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What is the open heart surgery survival rate by age?

What is the open heart surgery survival rate by age?

What kind?: Which type of cardiac surgery you are referring to? Repair of av canal, transposition, tetralogy, tapvr, erbs , tricuspid atresia, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary atresia intact ventricular septum, dorv, dolv, vsd, asd, hypoplastic arch, aortic valve mitral valve, coronary revascularization, maze, ventricular aneurysm repair, aortic dissection repair to include some. ...Read more

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Open Heart Surgery (Definition)

Not an easy answer. Open heart surgery describes surgical intervention under direct vision involving entering a heart chamber or coronary artery. Percutaneous interventions do not ...Read more


Dr. Chad Rudnick
3,170 doctors shared insights

Pediatrics (Definition)

Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that concerns ...Read more