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Doctor insights on: Patient Teaching For Acute Renal Failure

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Can you please explain why ffp is given to acute renal failure patient?

Can you please explain why ffp is given to acute renal failure patient?

Risk of bleed: Ffp has coagulation factors and is usually given to decrease the risk of bleeding. Some kidney diseases are also associated with abnrmalities in coagulation, therefore may need ffp. Kidney disease per se can increase the bleeding risk as some cells do not work well in kidney failure. Usually FFP are given when there is ongoing bleed, or there is high risk of bleed, or when procedure is planned. ...Read more

Dr. Tarek Naguib
603 Doctors shared insights

Kidney Failure (Definition)

A condition in which your kidneys suddenly stop working normally. Since your kidneys remove waste products and help balance water and salt and other minerals (electrolytes) in your blood, when your kidneys stop working, waste products, fluids, and electrolytes build up in your body. This can cause problems ...Read more


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Why is a patient with acute renal failure at a higher risk for infection?

Why is a patient with acute renal failure at a higher risk for infection?

ARF and infection: Acute renal failure (ARF) has a frequently reported mortality in 20-80% of the patients. Infection, as a cause or a complication of the syndrome, is a risk factor which adversely determines its outcome. In a study in 2009, infection occurred in four fifths of critically ill patients with ARF treated with dialysis and was in an unadjusted analysis associated with longer los and higher mortality. ...Read more

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Pre-renal acute renal failure may occur without systemic hypotension in patients taking nsaid or acei, why? I just do not get it?

Pre-renal acute renal failure may occur without systemic hypotension in patients taking nsaid or acei, why? I just do not get it?

Effect blood flow: Nsaids interfere with prostaglandin production in the kidney, some of which may cause blood vessels to dilate. Blocking the prostaglandin production causes the vessels to constrict and decreases blood flow to the kidney. Acei inhibit angiotensin ii production this allows the efferent arteriole to dilate, lowering the hydrostatic pressure in the glomerulous and decreasing kidney function. ...Read more

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Why is the mortality risk so high for icu patients having acute renal failure? If you are already in the hospital, can't you start dialysis quickly?

Why is the mortality risk so high for icu patients having acute renal failure? If you are already in the hospital, can't you start dialysis quickly?

Renal failure death: Patients in the ICU who have a acute kidney failure (akf) have something that caused it, usually hypotension. The are very sick and have multi-systemic problems and may have an overwhelming infection leading to their akf. Although dialysis can replace kidney function lost in akf, it cannot perform any of the functions of other organs in the body. They need more than just kidney function to live. ...Read more

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Subsequent to heart surgery patients suffers acute renal failure, dialysis done breifly then low b.P occurs now dialys?

Subsequent to heart surgery patients suffers acute renal failure, dialysis done breifly then low b.P occurs now dialys?

Depends: Very low blood pressure sometimes hurts kidney function. The need for dialysis in the acute hospital setting is determined by complications of poor kidney function. Your physician can help explain this in the context of the specific patient. ...Read more

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What are the complications of acute renal failure?

Several: High potassium, fluid overload, metabolic acidosis, these problems can lead to heart failure, cardiac rythym disturbances and even death. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for acute renal failure?

Renal failure: Acute renal failure requires close attention to volume status, acid-base status, electrolytes, and any signs of uremia. These events might signal a need for urgent dialysis. Avoiding exposure to nephrotoxic meds is necessary. Studies to rule out obstruction (u/s usually) are necessary as well. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and ESRD?

What is the difference between acute renal failure and ESRD?

Differences: Acute is something abrupt and may go away. ESRD is end-stage renal disease and will not go away. It will only get worse and requires significant involvement on the part of a bunch of highly trained/skilled healthcare providers/professionals (MDs, nurses, dietitians, etc.) ...Read more

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How effective is bumetanide for treating acute renal failure?

Bumetanide: Where Lasix (furosemide) has failed bumetanide may succeed according to some peer reviewed publications. It has however, been less studied than Lasix (furosemide) in treating acute renal failure patients. ...Read more

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How often could kidney function return if you suffered from acute renal failure?

Renal failure: Most people recover renal function (rf) between 2-3 weeks of their going into acute kidney failure (akf). A times, it may take up to 3 months to recover it. The longer it takes to recover (rf), the less likely it is that renal function will return to pre-akf levels. Ask a neprhologist for more information. ...Read more

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How often does kidney function fully return if you've suffered from acute renal failure?

How often does kidney function fully return if you've suffered from acute renal failure?

Depends on disease: Acute kidney failure is a condition due to many different reasons. If the reason resolves the disease resolves usually with a mild residual. However, the time frame depends on reason and kind of kidney failure and even varies within the same kind depending on degree of involvement and health and age of the patient. ...Read more

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What is acute renal failure?

What is acute renal failure?

Acute renal failure: This is when your kidneys abruptly stop working or greatly slow down in their ability to clean the blood of things that you body does not need. Many substances normally removed by the kidney are potentially harmful if they build up in your blood. Examples of this are too much acid, potentially harmful byproducts of drugs you are taking, and the end products of protein metabolism. ...Read more

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Does acute renal failure reverse itself?

Does acute renal failure reverse itself?

With treatment: Generally yes, but intervention must occur as early as possible. It does depend on the severity. ...Read more

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What are some symptoms of acute renal failure?

What are some symptoms of acute renal failure?

Low urine output: Some common symptoms and signs of acute renal failure are low urine output (oliguria), edema, and high blood pressure. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: acute renal failure?

ARF: Unable to clear out the products of metabolism that are normally filtered and excreted by your kidneys.
This can be estimated by your BUN and creatinine. If the creatinine rises above 4 this could be considered acute renal failure. ARF can be caused by obstruction of urine flow, infection, severe metabolic problems, drugs, poisonings. ...Read more

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How effective is dialysis for treating acute renal failure?

How effective is dialysis for treating acute renal failure?

Treating ARF: When used correctly and the underlying reason is also treated correctly, you cannot beat the combination of medical management of ARF along with prudent dialysis. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and acute renal insufficiency?

Acute renal failure: Failure means kidneys stopped completely. Insufficiency not completely gone but not normal. ...Read more

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What is a common predisposing factor for pre-renal acute renal failure post-operatively?

Surgery: Blood loss, inadequate volume resuscitation, excess diuretics, poor PO in take. Any thing that removes fluid from the body or reduces renal blood flow, such as low cardiac output. ...Read more

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Can drinking water reverse acute renal failure?

Acute renal failure: It depends on the cause of the acute renal failure. If it is due to volume depletion/dehydration, then yes, fluids (either oral or iv), can often help reverse acute renal failure. However, often medications contribute to acute injury and may need to be stopped or adjusted. ...Read more

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How effective is a ureteric stent for treating acute renal failure?

How effective is a ureteric stent for treating acute renal failure?

Depends: If the cause of renal failure is due to ureteral obstruction then very effective!
The key is to address the obstruction ASAP in order to avoid any permanent damage to the kidneys. Make sure to monitor for post obstructive diuresis marked by excessive urination after relief of obstruction. But, post-obstructive diuresis/natriuresis are good prognostic indicators of renal function recovery. ...Read more

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How effective is furosemide (Lasix) for treating acute renal failure?

How effective is furosemide (Lasix) for treating acute renal failure?

Lasix (furosemide) and ARF: It really depends upon the cause for ARF. Lasix (furosemide) is however, still the mainstay of therapy in re-establishing urine flow during the recovery phase from an acute renal injury. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and acute tubular necrosis?

Here are some...: Acute renal failure is a general term denoting kidneys not able to good enough to manage water and electrolytes due to acute conditions such as shocks from various reasons, and acute tubular necrosis denotes what can be seen in kidney tissue under microscopic exam if biopsy is done, but not necessary for almost all cases. Clinically, they all tell us kidneys not working enough from acute causes. ...Read more

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How are loop duretics used for acute renal failure and CHF though ther are contraindicaticated in borderline RF and CHF?

Medicine vs. Poison: There's a saying in healthcare: "medicines & poisons r the same chemicals given with different intent". If u r volume overloaded in acute renal failure or CHF, then u need volume reduction. The easiest & fastest way is diuretics, which "force" the kidney to get rid of water, tho side effects can occur (so u have to b monitored). If there is no volume overload in renal failure, skip the side effect ...Read more

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Can a person survive prerenal acute renal failure due to severe dehydration without medical help? If so, what are the consequences of not gettin help?

Not advised: Yes, but just because something can be done means that it should be down. A prolonged prerenal state can lead to severe tubular necrosis which is not quickly or always 100% reversible. Prolonged renal failure (prerenal or otherwise) if severe enough puts the individual at risk of death from chemical abnormalities and uremia. Short term risk death, if survives long term risk incomplete recovery. ...Read more

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What are some medications that can cause acute renal failure?

What are some medications that can cause acute renal failure?

Lidney Toxic meds: Otc meds that are often toxic are nsaids like Motrin alleve and Aspirin (not low dose). Antihistamine decongestants can cause urinary retention in men with large prostates. Some prescription hypertension meds can shut down the kidney (ace or renin inhibitors or blockers). Some antibiotics, psychiatric and chemotherapy meds are directly toxic. Many drugs can cause allergic kidney reactions. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and end-stage renal failure?

Renal failure: Acute renal failure: seen in a healthy person who develops an illness (e.g. hemolytic uremic syndrome [in children] or septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction) that leads to renal failure. Often it resolves. End-stage renal disease implies that the problem has been there for weeks/months, is not going to resolve and the person may need kidney transplant ...Read more

Dr. Jack Rubin
85 Doctors shared insights

Acute Renal Failure (Definition)

Acute renal failure, also known as acute kidney failure, occurs when your body is unable to clear out the products of metabolism that are normally filtered and excreted by your kidneys. Accute renal failure can be caused by the obstruction of urine flow, infection, severe metabolic ...Read more


Dr. Fred McCurdy
101 Doctors shared insights

Acute Kidney Failure (Definition)

An abrupt loss of renal function as determined (usually) by a rise ...Read more