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Doctor insights on: Pathophysiology Of Urolithiasis

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Dr. Michael Steigner
144 doctors shared insights

Bladder Stones (Definition)

Also known as urolithiasis, these are kidney stones that can be found in the urinary tract, which may cause no symptoms or may result pain in the groin and abdomen, nausea, bloody urine, ...Read more


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What are the tests for urolithiasis?

What are the tests for urolithiasis?

Urinary & radiologic: Urinalysis to detect presence of blood or cystine, microscopy can detect crystals. Timed urinary excretion, commonly 24 hrs, for calcium, uric acid, citrate or oxalates. Kidney & bladder ultrasound, plain abdominal x-ray (kub) and most reliable of all is abdominal ct scan. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of urolithiasis?

Variable: May be asymptomatic, but can cause the worst colicky pain conceivable, often with nausea, vomiting and inability to achieve a comfortable position. Can cause blood in urine and urinary symptoms when stone approaches bladder. ...Read more

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What is meant by bilateral urolithiasis?

What is meant by  bilateral urolithiasis?

Stones, both sides.: Urolithiasis are stones in the urinary tract, such as a kidney stone, ureteral stone, or bladder stone. Bilateral means both sides. Since the body has two kidneys, one of the left and one on the right, the phrase "bilateral urolithiasis" could simply mean that there is a kidney stone on the left and right sides of the body. ...Read more

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What is varicocele urolithiasis?

What is varicocele urolithiasis?

Here is...: I assumed you probably meant varicocele phlebolith, not urolithiasis. Urolithiasis denotes stones forming inside urinary tract - kidneys, ureters, ; bladder. Phlebolith indicates stone formed inside vein, usually at its valves as the phlebolith commonly seen in pelvic veins in imaging study, which carries no practical weight in clinical care. So, i assumed stones similarly forms inside varicocele. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for urolithiasis?

What is the treatment for urolithiasis?

Removal & prevention: Pain management if necessary. Elimination of stones, by natural means if small enough to pass on their own + copious fluid intake or by IV & ? Flomax (tamsulosin) to help ureter dilate & facilitate passage. May require ureteral stenting in presence of significant obstruction.Cystoscopic or ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy or basket extraction. Shockwave lithotripsy. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Then prevention. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Urolithiasis?

What is the definition or description of: Urolithiasis?

Stone in u-tract...: Urolithiasis is Uro (urinary) + lithiasis (stone formation = urinary stone formation resulting usually from kidney functional defects in stone-inhibiting substance and acidity aumation and adjustment leading to insufficienty in disscolving certain chemicals like calcium oxalate, Ca-phosphate, Ca-carbonate, uric acid, etc., but certain UTI or presence of foreign body may facilitate stone formation. ...Read more

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I have urolithiasis..What are the food and drugs that I should avoid?

Depends on kind: The stone kind makes a difference. However, as a rule of thumb you need more fluid intake especially lemonade/ limeade. Avoid calcium supplements and heavy dairy products and heavy animal protein. ...Read more

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My xray highlights a discrete left renal pelvicalyceal ectasia not associated with urolithiasis?

My xray highlights a discrete  left renal pelvicalyceal ectasia not associated with urolithiasis?

Likely insignificant: Depends on degree of pelvi-calyceal ectasia. No problem if mild or moderate, but might require further investigation if this is in fact moderate or severe hydronephrosis (swelling containing urine). Some radiologists use these terms interchangeably. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of the ivh?

See attached: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/intraventricular_hemorrhage.

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What is the pathophysiology of syncope?

What is the pathophysiology of syncope?

Decr brain bloodflow: Syncope (loss of consciousness) is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain. Most cases are cardiogenic in nature (for example, arrhythmias), but other causes can include vasovagal response, carotid artery compression, vertebrobasilar system disease, etc. See your primary care provider for further discussion if you've experienced syncope. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/syncope/syncope.htm ...Read more

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What is omphalitis versus pathophysiology?

What is omphalitis versus pathophysiology?

Very different: Omphalitis is an infection/inflammation of the umbilicus (belly button). Pathophysiology is a term that describes the specifics of a disease process. ...Read more

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What's the pathophysiology for cardiomyopathy?

What's the pathophysiology for cardiomyopathy?

Too general for this: Cardiomyopathy is a term for abnormal heart muscle can be a cardiomyopathy thats from a heart attack and damaged muscle. Alcohol , poorly controlled high BP over long time priods. It can be genetic, post partum after having a baby, a virus, etc. Cardiomyopathy can mean a thin weak muscle or a stiff thick muscle.The former is systolic dysfunction. And the latter diastolic dysfxn. Need to narrow it. ...Read more

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Chronic glomerulonephritis pathophysiology?

Chronic glomerulonephritis pathophysiology?

Complex: Reduction in nephron mass from an injury reduces the gfr. This reduction causes hypertrophy & hyperfiltration of the remaining nephrons & to intraglomerular hypertension. These changes occur to increase the GFR of the remaining nephrons, thus minimizing the functional consequences of nephron loss. The changes are ultimately detrimental because they lead to glomerulosclerosis & further nephron loss. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of hypoglycemia?

What is the pathophysiology of hypoglycemia?

Low glucose: There are a host of reasons why blood glucose levels can be decreased. A complication of diabetes management is the most common, but utilization (exercise), glucagon excression, too much insulin, or other stimulating events, can result in decreased glucose level. ...Read more

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What exactly is pathophysiology of endometritis?

What exactly is pathophysiology of endometritis?

Endometritis: Inflammation, most often due to infection. There is no one pathway by which all endometritis develops. Instrumentation of the uterus is a main risk factor. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of Aspergers syndrome?

What is the pathophysiology of Aspergers syndrome?

Complex: Asperger syndrome, is thought to represent alterations in brain development resulting from interactions between multiple genes and the environment. Problems in the connections between the amygdala and associated structures of the brain may play a role in the pathogenesis. People with Aspergers have difficulty with memory, facial recognition. ...Read more

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Can you explain to me the pathophysiology of myocarditis?

Can you explain to me the  pathophysiology of  myocarditis?

Myocarditis: Myocarditis can have a variety of causes, but one of the most common is a viral cause. The body responds to the presence of the virus by producing antibodies and an inflammatory response which attack the heart muscle producing disease and damage. Some heart muscle injury is reversible, some is not and stays the same, and some injury may continue to worsen over time. ...Read more

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What are the pathophysiology of anaemia of chronic diseases?

What are the pathophysiology of anaemia of chronic diseases?

Anemia: Really need provide more info concerning age, other conditions- diabetes, heart disease, . The. Most common i encounter are patients with chronic kidney disease. As kidney function decreases, signals to none marrow to produce blood decreased. Kidneys also controll blood pressues, etc. Generally, the body adapts to this type of anemia, treatment only when treatment needed. Other diseases. Space limi. ...Read more

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What is the different pathophysiology between motile and non-motile pathogens?

Motile pathogens: I would look this up in your textbook. Or go to wikipedia. Or we can chat and I can better explain in detail. ...Read more