Doctor insights on:
Pathophysiology Of Urolithiasis
Urinary & radiologic: Urinalysis to detect presence of blood or cystine, microscopy can detect crystals. Timed urinary excretion, commonly 24 hrs, for calcium, uric acid, citrate or oxalates. Kidney & bladder ultrasound, plain abdominal x-ray (kub) and most reliable of all is abdominal ct scan. ...Read more
Stones, both sides.: Urolithiasis are stones in the urinary tract, such as a kidney stone, ureteral stone, or bladder stone. Bilateral means both sides. Since the body has two kidneys, one of the left and one on the right, the phrase "bilateral urolithiasis" could simply mean that there is a kidney stone on the left and right sides of the body. ...Read more
Here is...: I assumed you probably meant varicocele phlebolith, not urolithiasis. Urolithiasis denotes stones forming inside urinary tract - kidneys, ureters, ; bladder. Phlebolith indicates stone formed inside vein, usually at its valves as the phlebolith commonly seen in pelvic veins in imaging study, which carries no practical weight in clinical care. So, i assumed stones similarly forms inside varicocele. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Removal & prevention: Pain management if necessary. Elimination of stones, by natural means if small enough to pass on their own + copious fluid intake or by IV & ? Flomax (tamsulosin) to help ureter dilate & facilitate passage. May require ureteral stenting in presence of significant obstruction.Cystoscopic or ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy or basket extraction. Shockwave lithotripsy. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Then prevention. ...Read more
Stone in u-tract...: Urolithiasis is Uro (urinary) + lithiasis (stone formation = urinary stone formation resulting usually from kidney functional defects in stone-inhibiting substance and acidity aumation and adjustment leading to insufficienty in disscolving certain chemicals like calcium oxalate, Ca-phosphate, Ca-carbonate, uric acid, etc., but certain UTI or presence of foreign body may facilitate stone formation. ...Read more
Decr brain bloodflow: Syncope (loss of consciousness) is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain. Most cases are cardiogenic in nature (for example, arrhythmias), but other causes can include vasovagal response, carotid artery compression, vertebrobasilar system disease, etc. See your primary care provider for further discussion if you've experienced syncope. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/syncope/syncope.htm ...Read more
Too general for this: Cardiomyopathy is a term for abnormal heart muscle can be a cardiomyopathy thats from a heart attack and damaged muscle. Alcohol , poorly controlled high BP over long time priods. It can be genetic, post partum after having a baby, a virus, etc. Cardiomyopathy can mean a thin weak muscle or a stiff thick muscle.The former is systolic dysfunction. And the latter diastolic dysfxn. Need to narrow it. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Complex: Reduction in nephron mass from an injury reduces the gfr. This reduction causes hypertrophy & hyperfiltration of the remaining nephrons & to intraglomerular hypertension. These changes occur to increase the GFR of the remaining nephrons, thus minimizing the functional consequences of nephron loss. The changes are ultimately detrimental because they lead to glomerulosclerosis & further nephron loss. ...Read more
Low glucose: There are a host of reasons why blood glucose levels can be decreased. A complication of diabetes management is the most common, but utilization (exercise), glucagon excression, too much insulin, or other stimulating events, can result in decreased glucose level. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Complex: Asperger syndrome, is thought to represent alterations in brain development resulting from interactions between multiple genes and the environment. Problems in the connections between the amygdala and associated structures of the brain may play a role in the pathogenesis. People with Aspergers have difficulty with memory, facial recognition. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Myocarditis: Myocarditis can have a variety of causes, but one of the most common is a viral cause. The body responds to the presence of the virus by producing antibodies and an inflammatory response which attack the heart muscle producing disease and damage. Some heart muscle injury is reversible, some is not and stays the same, and some injury may continue to worsen over time. ...Read more
Anemia: Really need provide more info concerning age, other conditions- diabetes, heart disease, . The. Most common i encounter are patients with chronic kidney disease. As kidney function decreases, signals to none marrow to produce blood decreased. Kidneys also controll blood pressues, etc. Generally, the body adapts to this type of anemia, treatment only when treatment needed. Other diseases. Space limi. ...Read more
Motile pathogens: I would look this up in your textbook. Or go to wikipedia. Or we can chat and I can better explain in detail. ...Read more
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