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Doctor insights on: Pathophysiology Of Rheumatic Fever

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What causes chorea of rheumatic fever?

What causes chorea of rheumatic fever?

Chorea: Rheumatic fever is a form of auto-immune reaction of the body to substances contained in the strep which are similar to those in some of our tissues, and the body reacts against those areas, confusing them with the strep. The central nervous system is not exempt from this and chorea is one manifestation of this type of involvement. ...Read more

Dr. Christine Hom
113 doctors shared insights

Rheumatic Fever (Definition)

An inflammatory disease that can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain. It can develop weeks after ...Read more


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What is the physiology and pathophysiology of rheumatic fever?

What is the physiology and pathophysiology of rheumatic fever?

Rheumatic fever: Rheumatic fever is caused by a streptococcal infection triggering a specific immune response. Acutely various joint aches and pains occur accounting for the 'rheumatic' term. Long term the mitral and/or aortic valves are often involved with chronic inflammation and damaged. We see rf rarely in the us now, but sometimes in new immigrants. ...Read more

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What is pathophysiology of typhoid fever?

What is pathophysiology of typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever ehow!: in a nutshell: bug in human feces (typhoid Mary) -- evades gut with less acid, taken up by M cells in the small gut.. causes diarrhea at times bloody (dysentery) and if bad --a hole in the bowel (needs surgery). Can go to lymphatics then blood stream, then macrophages (cells that chew bacteria) in liver/spleen/bone marrow -- back in blood/sepsis and quite ill or gallbladder (cholecysitis/carrier). ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease?

What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease?

Autoantibodies: Rheumatic heart disease is one of the complications of an untreated strep infection.A month or more after the infection, the body has made antibodies that mistale the tissue of the heart for the germ they were designed to fight.Over time thease antibodies cause inflamation of the heart and can injure the valves. After the acute phase is past, you have a weaker heart with leaky valves and murmurs. ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of pyelonephritis?

Pathophysiology of pyelonephritis?

Kidney Infection: Pyelonephritis is iinfection in a kidney. It can be caused either by bacteria moving from the skin up the urinary tract and invading the kidney or by bacteria floating around in your blood until they take up residence in your kidney. Either has been given as an explanation for kidney infections and I have not seen anything to say one is more likely than the other. ...Read more

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Are the symptoms of rheumatic fever bad?

They could be: Particularly the ones related to joint swelling and inflammation. It is not unusual for the "arthritic" symptoms to be severe enough to prevent you form bearing weight and even walking. Other symptoms occurring several months later on (chorea) may also be debilitating by producing uncontrolled involuntary movements. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of dengue hemorrhagic fever?

What is the pathophysiology of dengue hemorrhagic fever?

Are you kidding?: There is no way we can discuss pathophysiology in the short space allotted. People with homework assignments should go to the library or do their own web searches. We're here to answer clinical questions. ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of tonsillitis?

Pathophysiology of tonsillitis?

Infection: Tonsillitis refers to inflamation of the tonsils caused by a virus or bacteria. Serious infections are often caused by bacteria such as streptococcus pharyngitis. Pathophysiology is similar in concept to most other infections. ...Read more

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What is acute rheumatic fever?

What is acute rheumatic fever?

Several problems.: Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that occurs following a streptococcal infection, such as streptococcal pharyngitis or scarlet fever. Believed to be caused by antibody cross-reactivity that can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain, [1] the illness typically develops two to three weeks after a strep infection. Acute rheumatic fever commonly appears in children between 6-15 yrs old. ...Read more

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Difference between rheumatic fever vs rheumatic heart disease?

Difference between rheumatic fever vs rheumatic heart disease?

ARF can cause RHD: Acute rheumatic fever is an immunologic response to a strep infection. It can cause fever, rash, arthritis and can damage the heart. Not everyone who gets acute rheumatic fever get permanent heart disease. Rheumatic heart disease is due to heart damage from acute rheumatic fever. ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of dengue hemorrhagic fever, what is this?

Dengue Fever: Hemorrhagic fever is the most serious manifestation of dengue fever. It can lead to circulatory failure and shock. In it there's a plasma leakage syndrome with increased vascular permeability, platelet count less than 100, 000, fever lasing 2-7 days, and spontaneous bleeding with microvascular fragility. There may be small bruises (petechiae) in the skin all the way to profuse bleeding. ...Read more

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Does acute stage of endocarditis produces fever ?

Does acute stage of endocarditis produces fever ?

Usually: Bacterial endocarditis usually but not always causes fever. The fever may not be present early in the disease and may develop later depending on the infecting organism. As you have fever and a valvular abnormality you should be evaluated by your doctor. Blood and other cultures and a cardiac echo may be indicated. ...Read more

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What is rheumatic fever from?

What is rheumatic fever from?

Strep infection: Rheumatic fever is a condition that can occur following a streptococcus pyrogens infection, such as strep throat or scarlet fever. It's typically a disease of children, though it's now far less common than it used to be. ...Read more

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What is the anatomy of rheumatic fever?

What is the anatomy of rheumatic fever?

Endotoxins inflame: Acute rheumatic fever involves a host of endotoxins produced from strep bacteria that acutely affect the body (joints, skin, heart) resulting in widespread symproms. In te heart this can result in a pancarditis (endocardium, mesocardium, and epicardium), which can set in motion chronic inflammation and scarring in addition to valvular dysfunction. ...Read more

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What treats rheumatic fever?

What treats rheumatic fever?

Penicillins/rest: rheumatic fever occurs after strep throat.it is treated with penicillin to eradicate the strep but it is considered an immune reaction after strep.So symptomatic treatment with rest and close follow up by your doctor including blood work is important ...Read more

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Are rheumatic fever, streptococcal pharyngitis, and anaphylactoid reaction related?

Are rheumatic fever, streptococcal pharyngitis, and anaphylactoid reaction related?

Yes,Yes and No: Rheumatic fever is a possible consequence of untreated strep throat. An anaphylactic reaction is a severe allergic response and not related to the other two. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?

What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?

CHF or AF: Rhd causes thickening and blockage (stenosis) of the mitral valve which can lead to congestive heart failure (shortness of breath, swelling, fatigue). In addition, the left atrium enlarges which often interferes with conduction of electrical impulses resulting in atrial fibrillation. Without treatment, blood clots can form in the enlarged and stagnant left atrium leading to stroke. ...Read more

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Is rheumatic the same as scarlet fever?

Is rheumatic the same as scarlet fever?

No: Both are triggered by the same bacteria GABHS, but are different diseases. Rheumatic fever is caused by the overreaction of the own body's immune system, which may attack it's own structures (like the heart and the joints). Scarlet fever occurs when that bacteria is infected with a virus that causes a toxin which makes the skin red and harsh but it may also cause rheumatic fever as a sequel. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of scarlet fever?

What are the symptoms of scarlet fever?

Rash: Fever, rash (typically sandpaper like), headache, vomiting and sore throat. It's caused by group a strep or the strep throat bug. Sometimes people miss the sore throat and maybe even the fever. After the rash you may get peeling of the hands and feet. If you think you might have scarlet fever, see your doctor soon for a strep test and skin evaluation. ...Read more

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What is the physiology and pathophysiology of rheumatic fever?

Rheumatic fever: Rheumatic fever is caused by a streptococcal infection triggering a specific immune response. Acutely various joint aches and pains occur accounting for the 'rheumatic' term. Long term the mitral and/or aortic valves are often involved with chronic inflammation and damaged. We see rf rarely in the us now, but sometimes in new immigrants. ...Read more

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What treats rheumatic fever?

Penicillins/rest: rheumatic fever occurs after strep throat.it is treated with penicillin to eradicate the strep but it is considered an immune reaction after strep.So symptomatic treatment with rest and close follow up by your doctor including blood work is important ...Read more

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Can rheumatic fever be cured?

Can rheumatic fever be cured?

Depends: The cure depends upon the complication. For example, post stretococcal glomerulonephritis, a kidney problem is self limited. Heart damage to a valve is permanent. Check with your doctor for the other. ...Read more

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Can you die from rheumatic fever?

Can you die from rheumatic fever?

Yes: About 1.5% of persons with rheumatic carditis die of the disease annually. Cardiac involvement is the most serious complication of rheumatic fever and causes significant morbidity and mortality. About 60% of patients diagnosed with rheumatic fever annually will develop carditis. ...Read more

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What type of dr diagnoses Rheumatic Fever?

What type of dr diagnoses Rheumatic Fever?

Depends on symptoms: Hi. A GP, physician, paediatrician, ENT, dermatologist, neurologist can all diagnose rheumatic fever, depending on what symptoms and how old the patient is. All doctors learn about it at med school. ...Read more

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Can I die from rheumatic fever if I ignore it?

Can I die from rheumatic fever if I ignore it?

Yes: Although uncommon to die directly from rheumatic fever itself, the damages it does to a variety of organ systems, particularly the heart can result in death. ...Read more

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What does rheumatic fever feel like? Is it just a fever?

What does rheumatic fever feel like?  Is it just a fever?

Not just a fever: Symptoms also may include: painful and tender joints — most often the ankles, knees, elbows or wrists; less often the shoulders, hips, hands and feet pain in one joint that migrates to another joint red, hot or swollen joints small, painless nodules beneath the skin chest pain sensation of rapid, fluttering or pounding heartbeats (palpitations) fatigue shortness of breath flat or slightly raised, . ...Read more

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Is rheumatic fever still occuring this century, in the u.S.?

Is rheumatic fever still occuring this century, in the u.S.?

YES: But infrequently. Strep throat is the predisposing factor, but since this has been treated aggressively by most doctors, we rarely see acute rheumatic fever. Last case i remember was 13 years ago. ...Read more

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How did I get rheumatic fever and what is my outcome I don't really understand it?

How did I get rheumatic fever and what is my outcome I don't really understand it?

Group A strep: Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory condition which uncommonly follows group a strep infections of the throat. It may affect joints, movement, skin and heart valves. The course is difficult to predict, but should be followed closely. Your doc needs to help you understand the treatment and plan. ...Read more

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What is acute rheumatic fever?

Several problems.: Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that occurs following a streptococcal infection, such as streptococcal pharyngitis or scarlet fever. Believed to be caused by antibody cross-reactivity that can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain, [1] the illness typically develops two to three weeks after a strep infection. Acute rheumatic fever commonly appears in children between 6-15 yrs old. ...Read more

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What causes chorea of rheumatic fever?

Chorea: Rheumatic fever is a form of auto-immune reaction of the body to substances contained in the strep which are similar to those in some of our tissues, and the body reacts against those areas, confusing them with the strep. The central nervous system is not exempt from this and chorea is one manifestation of this type of involvement. ...Read more

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What is the anatomy of rheumatic fever?

Endotoxins inflame: Acute rheumatic fever involves a host of endotoxins produced from strep bacteria that acutely affect the body (joints, skin, heart) resulting in widespread symproms. In te heart this can result in a pancarditis (endocardium, mesocardium, and epicardium), which can set in motion chronic inflammation and scarring in addition to valvular dysfunction. ...Read more

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What is the progression for rheumatic fever?

What is the progression for rheumatic fever?

Strep throat: It is caused by group A beta-haemolytic streptococci.The disease affects joints, skin, heart and nervous system. The incidence is highest in school-aged children.Symptoms appear between one and five weeks after a sore throat, with an average of three weeks. Diagnosis is based on Jones Criteria. http://patient.info/doctor/rheumatic-fever-pro ...Read more

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How often does strep come as rheumatic fever?

Causes ARF: Strep throat leads to acute rheumatic fever because the body mistakes chemicals in the strep as if they were components of some of our normal tissues, and then reacts against those tissues thinking they are foreign invaders. This will happen with some frequency unless the strep throat is treated appropriately, but this has become increasingly rare in usa since most cases are treated appropriately. ...Read more

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Can doctors tell me what does rheumatic fever feel like?

Can doctors tell me what does rheumatic fever feel like?

Fever, fatigue,: Fever, fatigue, rashes, skin lumps, arthritis are all signs, but occur in many other diseases. ...Read more

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Is there evidence or relation between toothach and rheumatic fever ?

Is there evidence or relation between toothach and rheumatic fever ?

Need antibiotics?: Rheumatic fever can damage heart valves, causing a murmur. Some types of murmurs require antibiotics prior to dental treatment. Your physician can tell you if you need antibiotics prior to dental care. ...Read more

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What happens if rheumatic fever goes undiagnosed and therefore untreated? Will it just run its course?

What happens if rheumatic fever goes undiagnosed and therefore untreated? Will it just run its course?

See details: The major danger is significant, permanent damage to heart muscle or heart valves. However, if rheumatic fever is mild and does not have significant organ involvement it can just run its course. ...Read more

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I have rheumatic fever.its been 3mos since i stopped taking penicillin.whats the possibility of not taking med?

I have rheumatic fever.its been 3mos since i stopped taking penicillin.whats the possibility of not taking med?

Rheumatic fever: Rheumatic fever requires long-term antibiotic use, the consequences of having recurrent or worsening disease can lead to fatal consequences. I strongly urge you to discuss this with your physician and make sure that you are doing what is most appropriate for your good health. It's important you follow through with this, the consequences can be severe. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
2,227 doctors shared insights

Fever (Definition)

Fever = elevated body temperature (can be ...Read more