Doctor insights on:
Pathophysiology Of Pneumonia In Children
CAP: You may be confusing "pathophysiology" with the defining features of cap. This is pneumonia in a person who has not been in contact with medical facilities in contrast to pneumonias which occur in hospital, nursing homes, etc. They generally occur by aspiration of microorganisms from the mouth or nasopharynx into the lung, often in people with prior viral illnesses or other predisposing factors. ...Read more
How can pneumonia make a person barely able to speak and walk? Could you tell me more about the pathophysiology or mechanism behind? Thank you.
Low oxygen?: One possibility is having low oxygen. A disease such as pneumonia fills the alveoli with infectious/inflammatory debris which prevents gas exchange. Maintaining an appropriate oxygen level in the blood becomes more difficult, especially with exertion. A bacterial infection also causes lots of inflammatory cytokines which can also make you feel unwell. ...Read more
Two diff diseases: These are two different diseases. Pneumonia is an infection in the lung that causes fluid to collect within the air spaces (maybe w/in a lobe or more diffuse). Rheumatic heart disease is caused by the body attacking the valves of the heart in response to an untreated/inadequately treated streptococcal (most often group a) infection ("strep throat" or other). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes: Most cases on bilateral pneumonia in children are caused by viruses or bacteria. These organisms can spread through droplets coughed out by the infected child into their surroundings & anyone nearby can inhale those droplets & thus acquire the infection if sufficient number of organisms have entered the lungs to start multiplying in the new host & cause infection. ...Read more
Pets : Pets can be a great comfort to us - especially when we're not feeling well. As long as the child does not have allergies or asthma associated with the pet, then it's likely not a problem. If the child is not used to a pet in the bed and the animal is keeping the child awake, then you may also want to move the pet out of the room. (my dog woofs and runs in his sleep which means he gets to sleep in the living room, not the bedrooms). ...Read more
Depends on virus: Rsv is a virus that can vary in its effect on an infected child from a simple runny nose to life threatening pneumonia.The smaller the infant/kid the worse the potential pbs.Kids catch this virus almost every year but seldom have problems after infancy.Other forms of viral pneumonia vary in their outcome. The worst i've known was chickenpox pn in a untreated newborn delivered by a midwife.(died). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Generally: It depends on the virus - there are outbreaks where the old and very young appear to have been spared for unclear reasons while those in the prime of life are most affected (e.g. The h1n1 outbreak). In most cases, however, the very young and elderly are more vulnerable due to either a fading immune system or an immature one. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Bacterial pneumonia is more dangerous in the extremes of age - the very young and the very old. Their immune systems are sometimes not capable of fighting off the infection on their own and therefore should be treated appropriately in consultation with your doctor. For complicated/difficult cases in children, it may require the expertise of a pediatric pulmonologist to guide therapy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: It is more dangerous in that more severe illness and even death is statistically more common in the very young or the elderly. In both age groups pneumonia is still usually readily treatable with appropriate antibiotics and support. The highest risk of serious illness occurs not just with age, but with the existence of some other underlying disease. (cancer, heart disease, hiv, etc.). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Variable outcome: Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (boop) is a rare condition in children. Limited data show most get better and some do not. It is an inflammation of the tiny airways of the lungs. Some causes include medications (chemotherapy), bone marrow transplant and other inflammatory diseases. Oral steroids are used for treatment. Your pulmonologist is best able to help with this problem. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I'm wondering why are adults more likely to get pneumonia from chicken pox (varicella pneumonia) than children are?
Because.: Many illnesses that are mild when they occur in childhood are more more severe when contracted as an adult. It may be that the immune response is over-reactive in the adult organism & that this hyper-response is at least partially responsible for the severity of symptoms in adults. Mononucleosus is typically worse when occurring in adults and adolescent. In younger children its just like a cold. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Why would my allergist wants me to have the pneumonia shot usually given to children instead of the adult vaccine?
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