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Doctor insights on: Pathophysiology Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection

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Can hepatitis virus infection interfere the progression of HIV disease?

Can hepatitis virus infection interfere the progression of HIV disease?

Yes: Co infection with hepatitis b or hepatitis c ( that is having HIV and either of the above) is documented to generally result in further progression of both diseases. Therefore, patients with either illnesses must be screened to rule out co infection... Treatment is encouraged for both viral illnesses. New treatments are available for hepatitis c. ...Read more

Dr. Arthur Balin
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


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What causes the hepatitis b and c virus? Like mosquitoes causes malaria, what causes hepatitis b and c virus

What causes the hepatitis b and c virus? Like mosquitoes causes malaria, what causes hepatitis b and c virus

Wrong word: Mosquito bites transmit malaria which is caused by a parasite. Hbv and hcv are caused by viruses transmitted by blood and certain body fluids. ...Read more

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Is acute hepatitis C infection serious?

Is acute hepatitis C infection serious?

Acute hepatitis C infection doesn't always lead to chronic hepatitis C infection: But because a large majority of people with the acute infection go on to chronically harbor the virus, acute hepatitis C is serious. Acute hepatitis C infection can be treated, greatly reducing the risk of chronic infection. Unfortunately, hepatitis C infection is rarely diagnosed and treated in its acute stage because it usually causes no symptoms. Acute hepatitis C develops two weeks to six months after the hepatitis C virus enters your bloodstream. In the small proportion of people who get sick during the acute infection, signs and symptoms include: Jaundice, Dark urine, White-colored stool, Nausea, Pain in the upper right part of the abdomen. These signs and symptoms last for two to 12 weeks. Most acute hepatitis C infections today occur in people who share needles to inject drugs. Health care workers who have needle-stick injuries also are at risk. If you think you've recently been exposed to hepatitis C virus, it's important to get tested right away. Blood tests to detect hepatitis C virus proteins, followed by a later test to detect antibodies to the virus, can usually distinguish acute from chronic infection. Having acute hepatitis C infection makes a difference in the choice of treatment. ...Read more

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Common ways of hepatitis C transmission?

Common ways of hepatitis C transmission?

3 common ways: There are several ways to transmit. Blood transfusion and needle sharing are the 2 far most common. It can be transmitted by rough sex...But is much more difficult. Mothers may also transmit it to newborns during the birthing process. ...Read more

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What causes the hep c virus to be transmitted?

What causes the hep c virus to be transmitted?

Blood contact: Hepatitis c is caused by hepatitis c virus, which is transmitted mostly through blood exposure (sharing needles and syringes). I can also be transmitted sexually, especially through fairly rough, unprotected, inadequately lubricated sex where there might be blood exposure. ...Read more

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What's the difference between acute viral hepatitis and chronic viral hepatitis?

What's the difference between acute viral hepatitis and chronic viral hepatitis?

Depends on virus: Acute viral hepatitis is a self limiting infection. Hepatitis a is only an acute infection and does not progress to chronicity. For hepatitis b, about 10-15% of patients with acute hepatitis will develop chronic hbv. In contrast, for hepatitis c, 75-80% of patients with acute hepatitis will develop chronic hcv. Chronicity develops when the immune system is unable to clear the virus. ...Read more

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Can you answer, is hepatitis C antibodies the same as having hepatitis C infection?

Can you answer, is hepatitis C antibodies the same as having hepatitis C infection?

No: About 25% of people who have hcv antibodies, indicating that they were exposed to this virus, will have spontaneously cleared the infection through their immune response. The only way to know if you actually have active infection is to test for hcv RNA (viral load). If the RNA is detected the person has active infection and could have liver damage. ...Read more

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How is the hepatitis C virus related to sex?

Questionable: It was once thought that unprotected sex was a common means of transmitting the hepatitis c virus. More recent studies among couples with one infected and one infected partner have called this into question but in such a situation, barrier protection would still be wise. ...Read more

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Is hepatitis b infection associated with liver cancer?

Yes: Unlike most viral hepatitides, hepatitis b is associated with liver cancer regardless of the presence of cirrhosis. Therefore, blood test (i.e. Alpha-fetoprotein) and imaging study (i.E abdominal ultrasound) are recommended every 6 months beginning at the age of 40. ...Read more

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Does viral hepatitis C kill?

Does viral hepatitis C kill?

It can: Persons with chronic hepatitis c can develop cirrhosis and liver cancer especially in those with concomitant alcohol abuse. Most of those infected however when they die, die with the virus, not from the virus. ...Read more

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Can chronic hepatitis B inactive carrier clear hepatitis infection ?

Can chronic hepatitis B inactive carrier clear hepatitis infection ?

Possible: For reasons that we do not yet understand a small percentage of hepatitis B carriers do clear the infection. Unless it is cleared hepatitis B carriers can transmit infection through sexual activity and blood exchange. ...Read more

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What cells does hepatitis C virus attack?

What cells does hepatitis C virus attack?

Hepatocytes: Hepatic cells, or hepatocytes, are the cells that hepatitis c virus attacks. ...Read more

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Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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Could hepatitis C cause immunodeficiency?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
1 doctor agreed:

Very unlikely: Very unlikely, unless same individual is coinfected by HIV, ...Read more

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Is hepatitis C a contagious disease?

Is hepatitis C a contagious disease?

Yes: Hepatitis c is a contagious disease. The virus is in the blood, so one can catch it by coming into contact with an infected person's blood. There is no cure and no vaccine for hepc, but some treatments are available. ...Read more

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Could a chronic hepatitis B inactive carrier clear hepatitis B infection?

Could a chronic hepatitis B inactive carrier clear hepatitis B infection?

Yes.: It is possible. The rate of clearance is low - maybe 1% per year or so. The diagnosis of the inactive carrier state and clearance can both be tricky so be sure you are speaking with someone knowledgeable about Chronic Hep B. ...Read more

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What're the types of viral hepatitis?

What're the types of viral hepatitis?

A through E: Of the viruses causing hepatitis as the main manifestation, there are five. A and e are spread fecal-orally usually thru contaminated water or food. The others are spread thru blood and body fluids. ...Read more

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Is there any way to determine how old is hepatitis C virus infection? And after how much time it will cause trouble?

Is there any way to determine how old is hepatitis C virus infection? And after how much time it will cause trouble?

Maybe: When health providers ask about potential risk exposures like blood transfusion prior to 1992, ever using injection drugs or home therapy like shared injected vitamins, sex with someone who might have had hcv, etc, we are trying to estimate how long someone has been infected. Studies show about 20% of people will develop cirrhosis in 20 years and rates increase the longer people are infected. ...Read more

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How is the hepatitis C virus related to sex?

Questionable: It was once thought that unprotected sex was a common means of transmitting the hepatitis c virus. More recent studies among couples with one infected and one infected partner have called this into question but in such a situation, barrier protection would still be wise. ...Read more

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How easy is it to spread the hepatitis C virus?

How easy is it to spread the hepatitis C virus?

Spread by blood...: Hepatitis c is a contagious liver disease that is most commonly spread by blood from an infected patient entering the body of an uninfected patient (such as by sharing injection drug needles). The virus can also be spread in other ways such as by sexual transmission. I am attaching a very good link on hepatitis c. http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm hope that this helps. ...Read more

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At what temperature will hepatitis C virus be inactivated?

Hepatitis C virus: Studies have shown that heat, aldehyde, ultraviolet light and detergent treatments all can be used as effective means for inactivating the virus. But the stability and resistance of hepatitis c virus varies to these inactivation process based on genotypes and strains. ...Read more

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At which temperature will the hepatitis C virus be inactivated?

At which temperature will the hepatitis C virus be inactivated?

60°C - 65°C: Uvc light irradiation with an intensity of 450 efficiently inactivated hcvcc within 2 min. Exposures to formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, ionic or nonionic detergents all destroyed hcvcc infectivity the hepatitis c virus can survive outside the body at room temperature, on environmental surfaces, for at least 16 hours but no longer than 4 days. ...Read more

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Can alcohol inactivate the hepatitis C virus?

By drinking?: Not sure what you are asking. In the laboratory, addition of alcohol to hep c cell cultures may inactivate the virus, but alcohol in your system will not prevent the transmission of hep c. ...Read more

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Could hepatitis C virus be trasmitted through saliva?

Possible: With many cases of hepatitis c, the infected individuals cannot identify how they became infected. While most cases are believed to be due to risk factors involving contaminated blood, there are many unidentified modes of hepatitis c transmission. Salivary transmission is one potential explanation and it is very plausable as blood can easily be present in saliva. ...Read more

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Could soap and water kill the hepatitis C virus?

No: Hepatitis C is an RNA virus circulating in your bloodstream and causes inflammation of the liver. Although washing your hands is great for killing bacteria, it doesn't kill the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV is contracted by way of the blood stream (i.e. IV drugs and sharing needles, blood transfusions before the early 1990's, tattoos and even sexually, etc). We can cure hepatitis C > 90% now. ...Read more

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Would hepatitis C virus be found or seen in an HIV patient?

Would hepatitis C virus be found or seen in an HIV patient?

Maybe: Hepatitis c is a different virus from hiv. However, you can have both and HIV patients are usually tested for hepatitis b & c. ...Read more

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My Hepatitis C Antibody test was non reactive. The results included a comment "Does not exclude early acute HCV infection". What does this mean?

My Hepatitis C Antibody test was non reactive.   The results included a comment "Does not exclude early acute HCV infection".  What does this mean?

See below: It takes the body variable period of time to make antibodies in response to an infection. In the case of Hep C it may take a few weeks from the time of infection to the time when the body makes antibodies. If you are concerned about have been exposed to Hep C, you may wish to repeat the test in about 6 months. ...Read more

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What cells does hepatitis C virus attack?

Hepatocytes: Hepatic cells, or hepatocytes, are the cells that hepatitis c virus attacks. ...Read more

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Is there any medication available to treat hepatitis C virus?

Yes: There are standard therapies that have been used for many years and newer drugs which offer the promise of higher success rates with fewer side effects. ...Read more

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Will heat kill the hepatitis C virus?

Will heat kill the hepatitis C virus?

Yes: Heat will eventually kill Hep C virus, from few minutes at 100C to at least 10-12 h at 60 C. ...Read more

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What does having hepatitis C virus antibody (anti hcv) mean to you?

What does having hepatitis C virus antibody (anti hcv) mean to you?

HCV antibody: It indicates that you've been exposed to the hcv. You should be evaluated by a gastroenterologist or infectious disease specialist. ...Read more

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How could we disinfect a nail clipper/cutter if exposed to hepatitis C virus.

Scrub soap and water: The best approach is to have separate personal items that are not shared. Very important for toothbrush and razors- place somewhere so they can't be accidentally used by others. If nail clippers get shared, soak in soapy hot water. If there was obvious blood can also leave in bleach ( one part to ten parts water). Razors have crevices that are hard to sterilize. ...Read more

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My grandmother's hepatitis C virus is higher than before.Will the HCV increase more in the future?Can u recommend me some healthy foods for her?

Treatment: Healthy foods aren't going to treat your grandmother's hepatitis c. But there is good treatment. In fact, hepatitis c is the only viral disease that we can often cure with medications. She should see a specialist to find out whether hcv treatment is a good idea for her. ...Read more

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Diagnosed with hepatitis C virus then a week later diagnosed with cirrhosis, what should I do now? Party or get liver transplation?

Diagnosed with hepatitis C virus then a week later diagnosed with cirrhosis, what should I do now? Party or get liver transplation?

Need further testing: Need for liver transplant depends on meld score (degree of jaundice-total bilirubin, and blood clotting-inr, kidney function-creatinine). This predicts 90 day risk of death. Score is from 6-40. If meld < 10-no need to evaluate, < 15- not eligible to be listed, 15-40-listable for transplant. Higher meld = sicker patient. Early liver cancer also transplantable. Liver cancer screening is a must! ...Read more

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Hepatitis C (HCV) Antibody result is reactive.Hepatitis C Virus Antibody Verification test result is non reacitve. Is antibody result false positive?

Probably not: the presence of the antibody indicates an exposure to the antigen (the virus) . the absence of the virus indicates that the virus has been eradicated. It is possible that the antibody result is a false positive. This is unlikely ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park
1,212 doctors shared insights

Hepatitis (Definition)

Inflammation of the liver, which can be caused by many things, such as alcohol overuse, excess sugar consumption, viral infections, autoimmune disorders, certain medications, ...Read more


Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more