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Doctor insights on: Pathophysiology Of Diabetes In Pregnancy

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Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Glucose intolerance: The short paragraph here doesn't give me alot to explain this, but basically pregnancy is a relatively glucose resistant state and the more times you are pregnant, the more likely you get gestational diabetes. There are alterations in Insulin levels and Insulin resistance during the pregnancy. The typical american diet of high sugar processed foods doesn't help. ...Read more

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Dr. Jan Lei Iwata
4 doctors shared insights

Pregnancy (Definition)

When your due date arrives, you will be more than ready to have your baby! Most women deliver the baby somewhere between 37 and 42 weeks. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, only 5% of babies arrive on the exact due date. Approximately 7% of babies are not delivered by 42 weeks, and when that happens, it is referred to ...Read more


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What are the complications in gestational diabetes?

What are the complications in gestational diabetes?

Many: Diabetes can affect the developing baby throughout the pregnancy. In early pregnancy, a mother's diabetes can result in birth defects and an increased rate of miscarriage. Many of the birth defects that occur affect major organs such as the brain and heart. During the 2nd & 3rd trimester, a mother's diabetes can lead to over-nutrition & excess growth of the baby. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia in diabetes?

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia in diabetes?

Many: There are many symptoms of hypoglycemia. Some common ones are: fast heartbeat, pounding heart beat, visual changes, feeling moody/cranky/nervous/aggressive, headache, hunger, shaking, sweating, nightmares, fatigue, unclear thinking... ...Read more

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What's the role of insulin in pregnancy?

What's the role of insulin in pregnancy?

Same as when not: Insulin acts like a cab, transporting glucose from the blood into the cell. Pregnancy can reveal mother's emerging problem keeping her glucose levels in the normal range, causing them to drift up. The fetus makes its own insulin & must put away any excess. Mothers high glucose can cause organ overgrowth in baby & increase risk of birth defects. Mother may need a supplement to decrease babies risks ...Read more

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What are the complications of gestational diabetes and third pregnancy?

What are the complications of gestational diabetes and third pregnancy?

Several: Dm in pregnancy increases risk of diabetic retinopathy which is eye disease caused by high sugar. Also if the blood sugar is uncontrolled women are at risk for having large babies>9-10lbs, low blood sugar in the baby after birth and multiple defects. These risk can be decreased however with tight control of the blood sugar. ...Read more

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What are the effects of gestational diabetes during pregnancy?

What are the effects of gestational diabetes during pregnancy?

Many possible: Diabetes can affect the developing baby throughout the pregnancy. In early pregnancy, a mother's diabetes can result in birth defects and an increased rate of miscarriage. Many of the birth defects that occur affect major organs such as the brain and heart. During the 2nd & 3rd trimester, a mother's diabetes can lead to over-nutrition & excess growth of the baby. ...Read more

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What are the predisposing factors in gestational diabetes mellitus?

What are the predisposing factors in gestational diabetes mellitus?

Weight/Genetics: Diabetes often runs in families, and 70% of women with gestational diabetes will get diabetes later in life. Major risks include obesity (body mass index >30), older maternal age, past history of gestational diabetes, and ethnicity (african americans, native americans, south asia/india, hispanic, pacific islanders, and some from the caribbean). Be sure to get re-tested 6-12 weeks after delivery. ...Read more

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Is the pathophysiology of gestational hypertension the same as preeclampsia?

Is the pathophysiology of gestational hypertension the same as preeclampsia?

Great question; yes.: Current thinking is that both conditions have the same pathophysiology, involving placental release of anti-angiogenic peptides that aim to increase placental perfusion at the expense of maternal well-being. The main difference is proteinuria, which is an indirect measure of maternal renal involvement without correlation to perinatal outcome. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus usually?

What is the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus usually?

Poor sugar control: Most of the foods you consume is metabolized/changed into sugar (glucose) for body to use (similar to oil refining to gas u use for cars), but the sugar level is nicely regulated to about 60-100 in fasting state. When body can't keep it to this range and it is constantly/mostly high above 125 fasting, it is defined as diabetes. There are other ways to diagnosis diabetes. Consult doc. Good luck. ...Read more

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What is the role of insulin in diabetes?

What is the  role of  insulin in diabetes?

Gets sugar in cells.: Insulin is the hormone secreted by the pancreas to get glucose inside the cells and out of the bloodstream. In diabetes type i, the beta-islet cell of the pancreas are destroyed, and no Insulin is secreted. This means glucose builds up in the blood and the cells don't get it, therefore they starve, and death results if untreated. So treatment is to give them insulin. ...Read more

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What are the complications of diabetes insipidus?

What are the complications of diabetes insipidus?

Many: Depends on the severity of the disorder, you can get dehydrated or have electrolyte imbalances. The physical consequences of di are: dry mouth, low blood pressure, muscle weakness, sunken eyes, weight loss, fatigue, headache, muscle spasms... ...Read more

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What is the type of diabetes that develops in pregnant women?

What is the type of diabetes that develops in pregnant women?

Gestational diabetes: It is called gestational diabetes if a woman who only has high blood glucose while pregnant. These women are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus type 1?

What is the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus type 1?

Complex : This is an entire course in med school, and a lifetime of study for the specialists. Essentially, the pancreas is unable to meet the body's requirements for insulin production, whether caused by disease, trauma, toxicity. Read: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetestype1.html ...Read more

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What is the genetic risk of having a gestational diabetes mellitus?

What is the genetic risk of having a gestational diabetes mellitus?

Depends on Risks: The risk relates to obesity (body mass index>30) or being >110% of ideal body weight, family history of diabetes, ethnic group (eg, hispanic-american, african-american, native american, south or east asian, pacific islander), age >25, history of a baby >9 lbs, maternal birthweight >9lbs (or <6). The one you can control is weight, so work with your doctor if it's too high. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of early diabetes in a child?

What are the symptoms of early diabetes in a child?

4 major symptoms: The symptoms of diabetes are: excessive thirst, excessive urinating, excessive eating but losing weight. Often these children come in very sick. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of insulin resistance in diabetic?

What are the symptoms of insulin resistance in diabetic?

Increased insulin: Insulin resistance means that the cells are less sensitive to Insulin - so it takes more Insulin keep the blood sugar down than normal. So, symptoms would be of hyperinsulinemia or hyperglycemia if the blood sugar is not controlled. ...Read more

Dr. Quang Nguyen
3,434 doctors shared insights

Diabetes (Definition)

A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the ...Read more