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Doctor insights on: Pathophysiology Of Age Related Macular Degeneration

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What causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

What causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Aging: There is still no clear single cause for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). It is a disease of geriatric. The incident is highest among those over 70. Genetic may play a role. Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of progression of the disease. Other conditions have also been cited such as cardiovascular disease. ...Read more

Dr. Richard Scartozzi
578 doctors shared insights

Macular Degeneration (Definition)

An eye disease ...Read more


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What are the complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

What are the complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Vision loss: The major effect of progressive, age related macular degeneration (AMD), is loss of central vision over time. There can be bleeding which usually can be treated with favorable results. The major complication is actually changes in lifestyle such as inability to drive, that comes about from the loss of vision. ...Read more

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Are there any signs of vision impairment with early age related macular degeneration?

Are there any signs of vision impairment with early age related macular degeneration?

Depends: Most people experience distortion in the central vision as an early sign of age-related macular degeneration. There is a self-screening tool called an amsler grid that is often recommended for people with risk factors for the disease. It can help to detect early distortion. Decreased central vision with difficulty to read, recognize faces, watch tv, and drive often happen as the disease progresses. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for age related macular degeneration of retina?

What is the treatment for age related macular degeneration of retina?

ARMD: Armd or age related macular degeneration can only be treated in the wet form and the most common and effective treatment is an injection in the eye. Certain vitamin supplements can slow the progression, see areds study i and ii. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of age-related macular degeneration?

Decreased vision: Both the wet and dry forms of armd cause decrease in central vision. Distortion is often an early symptom and an amsler grid is a good self screening tool. Vision loss from the dry form is usually slowly progressive and lessor in degree than the wet form which can have very dramatic decrease in vision that is rapid and significant. ...Read more

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What are the forms of age-related macular degeration?

What are the forms of age-related macular degeration?

2 forms: There is a dry and wet kind. Dry is far more common and less severe and happens when the macula (central part of the retina) starts to 'crumble'. Wet is less common and happens when new blood vessels grow under the macula and leak fluid and blood. This causes significant vision loss, but there are new treatments for it. Ask you eye doc. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is age-related macular degeneration?

Loss of vision: Macular degeneration is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. The photoreceptors in the film layer of the eye (retina) make by-products that are normally removed from the eye. In macular degeneration, there is an accumulation of by-products that eventually damage the center of the film layer, and thus central vision. Although there is no cure, new treatments are being evaluated. ...Read more

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What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

Juvenile cataracts: Congenital cataract: during pregnancy, mom has infection (ie measles/rubella (the most common cause), rubeola, chicken pox, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, poliomyelitis, influenza, Epstein-Barr virus, syphilis, toxoplasmosis. Juvenile: include, prior trauma, infection, inflammation, JRA. Macular degener: gene mutation-> Stargardt's disease, Best disease, and juvenile retinoschisis ...Read more

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How fast progresses aged related macular degeneration?

It is variable. : Typically dry macular degeneration is slower in progression, may take years to progress. Wet macular degeneration typically causes sudden central loss of vision. ...Read more

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How common are development of new areas of lattice over existing lattice degeneration of retina at a middle age?

How common are development of new areas of lattice over existing lattice degeneration of retina at a middle age?

Lattice degeneration: Is a process where an area of retina where either abnormal vitreous traction is placed on the retina or there is an area of missing 'internal limiting membrane'. Confluent areas may join in some people as you asked and lattice is associated with up to 40% of retinal detachments (rd). Atrophic retinal holes may complicate areas of lattice thus increasing risk of rd. ...Read more

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What is symptom of macular degeneration?

What is symptom of macular degeneration?

Decreased vision: Both the wet and dry forms of armd cause decrease in central vision. Distortion is often an early symptom and an amsler grid is a good self screening tool. Vision loss from the dry form is usually slowly progressive and lessor in degree than the wet form which can have very dramatic decrease in vision that is rapid and significant. ...Read more

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Is macular degeneration the same as retinal degeneration? My eye reports says Bilateral: Defect is consistent with retinal degeneration. I'm 33.

Not really: Macular degeneration is a type of retinal degeneration found in the senior population that affects only the center of vision. Many other types of retinal degeneration exist from congenital, to acquired, from hereditary to environmental and from severe to minimal. I would be happy to interpret the report if you send me more details. ...Read more

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What sort of treatments for age-related macular degeneration?

What sort of treatments for age-related macular degeneration?

Dry and Wet: Dry armd is treated with areds oral supplementation in pill form as well as protection from uv light . Eating a diet of leafy green vegetables is important. Wet armd involves leaking, or bleeding retinal blood vessels . Treatment is with anti vegf injection in the eye and occasionaly laser treatment. ...Read more

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What are the causes of macular degeneration?

Number of factors: Macular degeneration (amd) is primarily an age-related disease (age 50+), but there are genetic and environmental factors that contribute to age of onset and severity. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (stroke, heart attack) are also risk factors for amd. Smoking is the top modifiable risk factor. Of course, there is a lot we still don't understand about amd. ...Read more

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What are early symptoms of macular degeneration?

What are early symptoms of macular degeneration?

Vision changes: The first symptom most people experience with macular degeneration is a change in vision. An amsler grid is a simple screening tool available for home use that can allow patients who are at risk for macular degeneration to monitor for such changes. ...Read more

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Is the main cause of vision loss in older people glaucoma, diabetes, or macular degeneration?

Is the main cause of vision loss in older people glaucoma, diabetes, or macular degeneration?

Depends on age: There is a different spectrum of vision loss in these conditions depending upon age. Diabetes can alter the vision and will affect younger patients but diabetics tend to die from their disease and fail to reach old age. Glaucoma is common throughout older age but mostly is treatable. Macular degeneration is more common in the very elderly who are healthy enough to reach older ages. ...Read more

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Is there any medication for age related macular degeneration?

Yes: Dry: areds supplementation, uv protection. A diet filled with green, leafy vegetables. Wet: anti vegf vitreous injections, photodynamic rx and laser rx. ...Read more

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What is the cause of vitreous degeneration in younger people..?

What is the cause of vitreous degeneration in younger people..?

Myopia: Nearsightedeness is a risk for vitreouos degeneration in younger people. There are also some vitreoretinal syndromes in younger idividuals which can cause disorders of the vitreous. Diabetes as well as trauma may lead to vitreous degeration in younger individuals. ...Read more