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Doctor insights on: Pathophysiology Acute Kidney Failure

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What causes acute kidney failure?

What causes acute kidney failure?

Toxic insults: Low blood pressure, interruption of blood flow, obstruction of urine flow, drug allergies, toxic drugs, autoimmune disease, heart failure, chronic liver disease, sepsis, underlying problems such as diabetes and myeloma increase the chance for renal failure. There are many causes, most are evident upon inspection of the patient, this requires expert attention and action to reverse the process. ...Read more

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Kidney (Definition)

The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more


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Could pyelonephritis cause acute kidney failure?

Could pyelonephritis cause acute kidney failure?

Yes: If your kidneys are already not working correctly or the infection goes for a long time untreated or both you can have acute renal failure. If you are concerned or believe you have problems with your kidneys, please see your doctor asap and have this investigated. ...Read more

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What is acute renal failure?

What is acute renal failure?

Acute renal failure: This is when your kidneys abruptly stop working or greatly slow down in their ability to clean the blood of things that you body does not need..Many substances normally removed by the kidney are potentially harmful if they build up in your blood. Examples of this are too much acid, potentially harmful byproducts of drugs you are taking, and the end products of protein metabolism. ...Read more

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Kidney failure symptoms?

Kidney failure symptoms?

Uremia: If you have renal failure and is unable to excrete toxins and excess electrolytes/water from your body, you are likely to have symptoms and signs of uremia. They include nausea/vomiting, loss of appetite, inability to concentrate, diffuse itching, and lethargy in addition to having fluid retention. ...Read more

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Symptoms of acute kidney disease?

Symptoms of acute kidney disease?

Decreased Urination: Acute kidney disease represents an attack against the attack usually from profound dehydration, nephrotoxic agents like antibiotics or from bacterial infections. The symptoms range from decrease in urine output, nausea and loss of appetite. The most critical side effect is rapid increase in potassium that can be very dangerous. ...Read more

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Congestive heart failure, kidney failure and staph?

Congestive heart failure, kidney failure and staph?

CHF, kidney, staph: Patients with a staph infection can have an endocarditis, which affects the heart valves. Once it is on a valve, septic emboli can be sent to other places, the brain, retina, bone or kidney. Those emboli to the kidney can cause renal failure. A damaged heart valve can also cause chf. I would imagine the person you are talking about is in the hospital, perhaps you should speak to her doctor. ...Read more

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What can cause acute kidney failure?

What can cause acute kidney failure?

Multiple causes: Shock from any cause, auto-immune nephritis, bilaleral ureteral obstruction, drug toxicity, liver failure etc. See the site below for more info http://www.Bing.Com/health/article/mayo-mads00280/acute-kidney-failure?Q=acute+renal+failure+causes&qpvt=acute+renal+failure+causes#causes. ...Read more

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Does acute renal failure reverse itself?

Does acute renal failure reverse itself?

With treatment : Generally yes, but intervention must occur as early as possible. It does depend on the severity. ...Read more

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Can heart failure cause renal failure?

Can heart failure cause renal failure?

Yes: Heart failure can cause decreased blood flow to the kidneys, causing decreased renal function. Renal failure can also exacerbate heart failure by increasing blood pressure and decreasing salt elimation, resulting in intravascular volume overload, resulting in increased pressure in the chambers of the left side of the heart. ...Read more

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Hi, is the metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure fatal ?

Acidosis: The simple answer is yes. However, the amount of acid has to be very high for that to happen. High amounts of acid in the blood interfere with many, if not all, biologic processes in the human body such as the effect of Insulin lowering blood sugar, the normal metabolism of proteins and fats that are essential for life, and even normal heart beat, just to name a few. ...Read more

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How are acute and chronic kidney failure different?

How are acute and chronic kidney failure different?

Acute: recent: In gral. "acute" means of "recent" origen, and "chronic" means "old" or less recent. Some classifications use 6 months for "subacute". Chronic renal failure is insidious and depends upon the cause and how fast it gets worst. Acute renal failure usually is caused by low fluid volume in the body either dehydration or bleeding or it may be caused by toxins (poison, medications , dye contrast). ...Read more

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What is metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure from?

What is metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure from?

Unable to remove: Metabolic acidosis is a constituent of renal failure, arising mainly from the inability of kidney to remove excess acids in blood. ...Read more

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What could cause acute kidney failure?

Common causes: The answer is very long. Commonly, i encounter causes such as dehydration, sepsis, heart failure, drugs & obstruction to urinary flow. ...Read more

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What is chronic renal failure?

What is chronic renal failure?

Lab testing: A creatinine clearance number of less the 10 generally determines renal failure. This number is calculated by your age, weight and sex. Not all people with ckd need dialysis right away. This is determined by symptoms associated with renal failuire like high potassium, volume overload(edema and difficulty breathing), itching, poor appetite, other "uremic" symptoms. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and acute renal insufficiency?

Acute renal failure: Failure means kidneys stopped completely. Insufficiency not completely gone but not normal. ...Read more

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What causes kidney failure?

What causes kidney failure?

Many things: Kidney failure can be from problems before, within and after the kidneys(pre-, intrinsic, post-renal failure).Dehydration or poor blood flow from heart problems, blockage from prostate or urinary flow problems, and many things within the kidney. Infection can do it, too. Diseases such as diabetes and hypertension are main causes, as are medications. ...Read more

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What causes kidney failure?

What causes kidney failure?

Several conditions: Kidney failure can be caused by toxic chemicals, infection, congenital diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, severe dehydration, and traumatic injury to list a few. ...Read more

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What usually causes acute kidney failure in the elderly?

What usually causes acute kidney failure in the elderly?

Meds and Dehydration: Acute kidney failure occurs predominantly from newly prescribed medications like a diuretic (hctz (hydrochlorothiazide) or lasix) or from certain anti-hypertensive medications like an ace or arb (enalapril or cozaar). Also akf occurs in the elderly if they do not get enough water intake especially in warm environments when they sweat a lot. ...Read more

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Dr. Tarek Naguib
600 doctors shared insights

Kidney Failure (Definition)

A condition in which your kidneys suddenly stop working normally. Since your kidneys remove waste products and help balance water and salt and other minerals (electrolytes) in your blood, when your kidneys stop working, waste products, fluids, and electrolytes build up in your body. This can cause problems ...Read more


Dr. Fred McCurdy
101 doctors shared insights

Acute Kidney Failure (Definition)

An abrupt loss of renal function as determined (usually) by a rise ...Read more