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Doctor insights on: Pathology And Immunology

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What does a typical pathology report state at the minimum?

What does a typical pathology report state at the minimum?

The basics: Patient identifying data, site from which the tissue was taken, a description of what was received by the pathologist and if so what type of preservative / fixative if any. On resected specimens, the description showcases the pathologist's sharp eyes. Almost always there will be a microscopic description of some portion stained in some way, unless it's orthopedic hardware or something similar. ...Read more

Dr. Thomas Namey
170 Doctors shared insights

Immunology (Definition)

Immunology is a field of study in which a person studies the components of the immune system (such as lymph nodes, white blood cells, and antibodies), their functions, and their diseases. Because allergies are a reaction by a person's immune system, immunology usually includes the study of allergies. A doctor who specializes in problems of the immune system ...Read more


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What is the difference between a histology and a pathology report?

What is the difference between a histology and a pathology report?

Unclear question: Histology usually refers to microscopic features of a tissue. Pathology report has interpretation of the findings and is usually more than just histology. Pathology reports also deal with blood tests, microbial cultures and genetic tests. ...Read more

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What is clinical pathology?

Clinical Pathology: Also known as laboratory medicine, clinical pathology is the discipline of selecting appropriate methods of testing for all the clinical areas of medicine, including clinical chemistry, hematology, bacteriology and virology, the blood bank, immunology and other areas. On-going monitoring, reference ranges, training and interpretation are also involved. Guiding test use properly is another key act. ...Read more

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What is tumor immunology?

What is tumor immunology?

See below: Tumors are made of cells that have gone bad and started to grow and replicate regardless of the cells around them. Each tumor as it gets more and more abhorrent expresses a variety of proteins. These proteins can be detected with antibodies and quantitated. It is complex. ...Read more

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What is endometrial pathology?

Endometrium: The endometrium is the lining inside the uterus. So endometrial pathology refers to any abnormality involving this lining. Examples include endometritis (inflammation of the lining), endometrial polyps (benign growths), endometrial hyperplasia (thickening and abnormal proliferation of the lining) and endometrial cancer, to name a few. ...Read more

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What is rotator cuff pathology?

Rotator cuff: Pathology indicates an abnormality which in the rotator cuff usually indicates a spectrum. First there is inflammation of the bursa and tendons of the rotator cuff, this leads into partial tearing of a percentage of some of the tendon fibres. Which if they don't heal weakens the remaining tendon structure which then further tears until complete separation occurs. ...Read more

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What is the ideal jejunum pathology?

What is the ideal jejunum pathology?

None: Ideally there should be no pathology in the jejunum, or for that matter, any where else in the body. ...Read more

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Can you explain what intrathoracic pathology means?

An explanation: In the broadest sense of the word, "pathology" means something that is abnormal and, in medicine, is usually inferred to be something abnormal that is harming your well-being in any way. Intrathoracic means "within the thoracic cavity." Generally speaking this is within your chest (above the diaphragm and below the neck). In short. Combine these two and you have intrathoracic pathology. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about immunology - hypersensitivity reactions?

Can you tell me about immunology - hypersensitivity reactions?

AKA Allergies: Immunologic hypersenstivity reactions are any reaction that occurs due to an overreaction or inappropriate reaction by your immune system. The most common example is allergies. Other examples include contact dermatitis, chronic hives, large local reactions to insect bites. There are some types of hypersensitivty that do not involve allergy type reactions, but they are rare. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about immunology and blood help needed for exam?

Question Unclear: Please clarify what you mean by immunology. Were there specific tests you are concerned about. ...Read more

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What is the difference between a histology and a pathology report?

Unclear question: Histology usually refers to microscopic features of a tissue. Pathology report has interpretation of the findings and is usually more than just histology. Pathology reports also deal with blood tests, microbial cultures and genetic tests. ...Read more

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I don't understand my endometriosis pathology report, what to to do?

I don't understand my endometriosis pathology report, what to to do?

Talk to Pathologist: If there is something that is unclear to you, feel free to also speak to the Pathologist who signed out your report. Their name and phone number should be on the pathology report, and they would be the best person to answer your questions. ...Read more

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Pathology report~~~~neg bx but still bleeding daily for months at 48?

Pathology report~~~~neg bx but still bleeding daily for months at 48?

See a doctor: This question doesn't entirely make sense, but the "still bleeding daily for months" part is a little worrisome, may want to get that checked out by your physician. ...Read more

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What is the difference between a histology report and pathology report?

They are the same: The pathology report includes histology report which records the microscopic appearance of the tissues and describes the cells etc. ...Read more

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Should a core biopsy sample be irradiated before it is sent for pathology?

Are you: Referring to a breast biopsy? If they are confirming the presence of microcalcifications within the core samples, it is standard procedure to x-ray them. It won't affect the pathology analysis. If they are not looking for calcifications, they generally don't need to be x-rayed. ...Read more

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What is the difference between a scca from a lymphoma in pathology process?

What is the difference between a scca from a lymphoma in pathology process?

Different cell type: SCCa is squamous cell carcinoma. This tumor arises from squamous epithelium which can normally be found in many places including the skin, esophagus, cervix, vagina, larynx/vocal cords, and other places. Lymphoma is a neoplasm deriving from lymphoid cells in the lymph nodes or in organs with lymphoid tissue (spleen, tonsils, intestinal tract, etc). SCCa and lymphoma arise from different cells ...Read more

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Please help! What is the difference betewen shock and coma in view of pathology?

Please help! What is the difference betewen shock and coma in view of pathology?

Homework question: This is basic knowledge. Shock is any situation in which the heart isn't able to get enough good blood around the body to keep it going. Coma is any unconsciousness from which no stimulus will awake the person. As a pathologist, the underying lesions are as diverse as anything in medicine and there's no single finding or simplistic account for either. Both are common in emergency settings. ...Read more

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Does the term degenerative on a pathology report mean the same thing as necrosis?

Does the term degenerative on a pathology report mean the same thing as necrosis?

No: In fact, "degenerative" is a term often used by pathologists to convey that the changes observed in a specimen are different from necrosis. The exact significance of this term varies depending on where the sample was taken from, so discussion with your doctor is important as mentioned. ...Read more

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What are advantages and disadvantages between dermatopathology and clinical pathology?

What are advantages and disadvantages between dermatopathology and clinical pathology?

What?: Not sure what you are asking. A dermatopathologist is an anatomic pathologist who looks at skin biopsies while a clinical pathologist is a physician who runs a clinical lab. Very different training and jobs. ...Read more

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My immunology tests came back. Nuclear ab- a equivocal titre: 80 pattern: speckled. What does this mean?

My immunology tests came back. Nuclear ab- a equivocal titre: 80 pattern: speckled. What does this mean?

Nothing by itself: A majority of people with positive antinuclear antibodies at or around this titer have no associated health issues. This is drawn only to shed light on other problems you may have. It's a screen for lupus / autoimmune hepatitis and a guide to the further workup, if any. ...Read more

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What is meant in the pathology report that the stained tumor cells tended to "palisade around the periphery"?

Description: Of the tumor under the microscope is part of pathology, but light microscopy patterns are being replaced by markers that define the tumor source, and help provide prognostic information. The art of description is fading, for the boring brown of immunohistochemistry. Clear spaces used to be pas+ for glycogen, or mucicarmine+ for fat. Some moderns mix this up. ...Read more

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Negative smear, negative pathology result, positive m tubercolois culture but no symptoms n not sick, what to do? Tnx!

Negative smear, negative pathology result, positive m tubercolois culture but no symptoms n not sick, what to do? Tnx!

Pulmonologist: See a doctor of pulmonology asap. You need treatment. Tb is reportable and usually the local health office will follow up and any positive cultures for tb. ...Read more

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What do the words "focal and residual" mean in the context "focal residual complex hyperplasia"? My pathology report. Thanks

Need the report: All laboratory results need to be interpreted in the clinical context and the doctor who ordered the tests is usually in the best position to do that. Having said that, it would have helped to have the actual report. You did not state what was biopsied. In any case, there is no cancer in the tissue examined by the pathologist. ...Read more

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I want to write an assignment for 50 pages. I am confused in choosing a topic. I want to choose a topic which is very distinct in immunology?

I want to write an assignment for 50 pages. I am confused in choosing a topic. I want to choose a topic which is very distinct in immunology?

Individual tumor med: Tumor immunology is a very hot topic right now. Researchers are working on developing approaches to treating cancers that involve taking a sample of a person's actual tumor and developing a vaccine just for that one patient to help them cure their own tumor. This would be expensive, but so are all the lengthy, destructive (toxic, scarring, debilitating) and painful events of fighting cancer. ...Read more

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I've cut out sodas and cut way down on sweets. Have lost 20 lbs in 2.5 months. Is there pathology going on or will dropping sugars lose that much?

I've cut out sodas and cut way down on sweets. Have lost 20 lbs in 2.5 months. Is there pathology going on or will dropping sugars lose that much?

Sounds okay to me: Congratulations on losing the weight. I'm assuming that there was weight to lose which would not be pathologic. The amount in that time period sounds like a slow decline and not worrisome. Sugars can contribute to excess calories and definitely add excess weight. If you were underweight to begin with, I would definitely check into your thyroid since you're on medication (right?). ...Read more

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What is immunology?

Field of study: Immunology is the field of study of the immune system. This field is generally studied by allergists for the allergic aspects (IgE antibody) and people with immune system problems who have recurrent or severe infections (IgA, IgG, IgM). Rheumatologists study the immune system in regard to autoimmune (against self) diseases. The immune system protects us from infections but sometimes goes awry! ...Read more

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How to read pathology report?

Carefully: Pathology reports contain a variety of complex data. The reports often convey a variety of complex data in a minimal amount of text, much the same way that a single pathology slide conveys countless data to the pathologist. If you still have questions regarding a pathology report that your surgeon, oncologist, or other clinical cannot answer, it's possible to reach out to the pathologist direct. ...Read more

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What are the branches of immunology?

Innate and Adaptive: Innate immune cells such as neutrophils are our first-line defense and this type of immune system is found in most animals.
Adaptive immune cells, such as T and B cells are able to become "memory" cells that allow us to build up immunity to viruses and bacteria that challenge us and try to attack us again. Vaccines help to boost our adaptive immunity so that we have a leg up on infections. ...Read more

Dr. Amy Deeken
365 Doctors shared insights

Pathology (Definition)

Pathology is essentially the study of disease. Specialist trained to help diagnose disease (laboratory medicine) are known as pathologists. Pathologist have completed medical school and completed a ...Read more