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Doctor insights on: Patent Foramen Ovale Vs Atrial Septal Defect

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What is different between PFO and ostium secundum atrial septal defect?

What is different between PFO and ostium secundum atrial septal defect?

Size & Location: A pfo is the persistence of a normal fetal communication between the top two chambers of the heart. A secundum ASD is an abnormal hole in the atrial septum. They vary in size though, so treatments vary. ...Read more

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Foramen Ovale (Definition)

...In newborns, it allows proper circulation in the fetus by shunting blood coming from the mother's placenta to the left side of the baby's heart, which is pumped immediately out to the body. Nearly all infants have this structure still open when they are born, which usually close within weeks to months after birth. A small percentage of adults still can have an ...Read more


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Is there a ?Difference between a?Patent foramen ovale and?A patent ductus arteriosus?

Is there a ?Difference between a?Patent foramen ovale and?A patent ductus arteriosus?

Yes: A patent foramen ovale (pfo) and patent ductus arteriosus (pda) are conditions that allow fetal circulation to flow. Once the infant is born different blood flow patterns are required to oxygenate the blood. The closing off of the pfo and PDA allow the blood flow to assume the normal post natal pattern. ...Read more

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Is there a connection between atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus?

Is there a connection between atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus?

To a degree: Both are congenital development defects. Atrial septum should seal and patent ductus should close after birth. When identified in infancy they are quite treatable. Also later but preferably as early as possible fir most. ...Read more

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Is ventricular or atrial septal defect hereditary?

Is ventricular or atrial septal defect hereditary?

Most cases no: The chances of being born with a heart defect are approximately 8 per every thousand deliveries (a little under 1%). Most babies born with a heart defect (asd, vsd or any of a multitude of others) have no family members with heart disease. Now, when there is a first line family member with a heart defect the chances increase to about 2-3%, so there may be some genetic component. ...Read more

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What is a secundum atrial septal defect?

What is a secundum atrial septal defect?

ASD: An atrial septal defect is a common congenital geart defect. It is a hole in the atrial septum - the wall between the left and right atrium. This lets blood flow from the left into right atrium (usually). If not caught at an early age, it results in excessive blood to right side of heart and lungs. Fixed with surgery (sutyred closed) or with a umbrella like device via cath. ...Read more

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What is the difference between a patent foramen ovale and atrial septum defect?

What is the difference between a patent foramen ovale and atrial septum defect?

Different: Patent foramen ovale is a temporary natural opening between two atria that allows fetal circulation to occur. Once born it closes spontaneously. An atrial septal defect is an abnormal opening between two atria that occurs due to incomplete formation of the atrial wall. It does not close spontaneously usually and may need surgery if it causes significant flow issues. ...Read more

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Is atrial septal defect the same thing as patent ductus?

Is atrial septal defect the same thing as patent ductus?

No: ASD is a hole between the upper heart chambers. Patent ductus is a pipe that connects the right heart pump outflow to the aorta, allowing most of the blood to go to the body instead of the lungs (since they are not in use). The PDA is supposed to close when the blood oxygen level increases with breathing. The ASD is just a defect. ...Read more

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Whats a patent foramen ovale?

Whats a patent foramen ovale?

Small heart opening: It is an opening in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart that allows blood from the placenta to get to where it needs to go during fetal life. All babies are born with this. It usually closes after birth, but 20% of all adults still have this. It is normal, though it has been associated with stroke, migraine headach, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more

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Is a PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) considered a chd (congenital heart defect)..?

Yes: Yes - if it persists then it would qualify as chd and if it is audible in a child past infancy then it would ordinarily be closed in the cathetization laboratory. ...Read more

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Will PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) help with TOF (tetralogy of fallot)?

Will PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) help with TOF (tetralogy of fallot)?

Sometimes: In Tetralogy of Falot, blood flow to the lungs may be restricted. As there are various degrees of restriction, there may be a need for more blood flow to the lungs. This situation may be helped by maintaining an open PDA. However if the pulmonary valve restriction is not severe, then an open PDA is not necessary. The cardiologist can draw this out for you. ...Read more

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How is PFO (patent foramen ovale) treated?

How is PFO (patent foramen ovale) treated?

PFO: Patent foramen ovale or pfo is a congenital remnant which normally closes at birth but for several reasons can open later in life. Blood or clots can travel across and if they do, the opening should be closed. It can be closed either surgically or by a catheter based procedure. ...Read more

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What does small patent foramen ovale with noted bidirectional shunt mean?

What does small patent foramen ovale with noted bidirectional shunt mean?

PFO: The patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a small communication between the right and left upper chambers of your heart. It is needed for oxygenation when you're fetus. Sometimes it doesn't close. It is thought to be present in ~20 to 30% of the population. The shunt means they can see the passage of blood through it. This small hole is inconsequential and USUALLY requires no further testing or treatment. ...Read more

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Can a patent ductus arteriosus cause heart murmur?

Can a patent ductus arteriosus cause heart murmur?

Yes: Many patients with patent ductus arteriosus (pda) will have a murmur, and that murmur is often described as machinery or continuous. ...Read more

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Can endocarditis CAUSE atrial septal aneurysm with a pfo or ASD shunt?

Can endocarditis CAUSE atrial septal aneurysm with a pfo or ASD shunt?

No: A cerebral embolism can happen in someone with an undiagnosed PFO or ASD +/- atrial septal aneurysm. Endocarditis causes valve degeneration and/ or there could be a coronary embolism causing a heart attacks. ...Read more

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Does atrial septal defect (asd) or ventricular septal defect (vsd) occur in some population groups more than others?

Does atrial septal defect (asd) or ventricular septal defect (vsd) occur in some population groups more than others?

Yes: ASD is more common in females 2-3/1, while vsd is only slightly more common. A variety of heart defects are frequently seen in chromasome defects, trisomies, deletions etc. Some asian populations have a form of vsd at higher frequency. There are polygenic factors that increase risk within families with heart defects for offspring with a lesion. ...Read more

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Please help! what is the difference between patent foramen ovale and atrial septum defect?

Similar: An ostium secundum atrial septal defect and a patent foramen ovale are both "holes" in the same place in the atrial septum, which is the wall between the right and left atria. Everyone has a different definition. In infancy, many will call a hole less than 3 or 4 mm in diameter a pfo as they almost all go on to close without treatment. Some call all defects with flow from la to RA an asd. ...Read more

Dr. Donna Wilkins
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Patent Foramen Ovale (Definition)

Hole or communication between right and left atria, the upper heart chambers. The hole is open during fetal circulation and closes after birth. If it remains open it is termed a patent foramen ovale. Symptoms ...Read more