Doctor insights on:
Patent Foramen Ovale In Children
Small heart opening: It is an opening in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart that allows blood from the placenta to get to where it needs to go during fetal life. All babies are born with this. It usually closes after birth, but 20% of all adults still have this. It is normal, though it has been associated with stroke, migraine headach, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more
Foramen ovale is one of the physiological shunts in the fetal heart between right and left atrium. It closes shortly after newborn period, when systemic blood pressure rises and takes over the pulmonary pressure and aorta begins to supply the majority of the body with the more oxygenated blood from the left ventricle, in contrast to the fetal circulation, where main blood supply ...Read more
A hole in the heart: A patent foramen ovale (pfo) is a necessary hole between two upper chambers of the heart. This hole allows fetal blood circulation to occurr. Once the baby is born, circulation changes, the hole closes to allow normal post natal human circulatuin pathway. It remains open in a small number of patients and is usually asymptomatic. ...Read more
Common: All infants have a patent foramen ovale (pfo) as a fetus. This allows the fetal circulation to flow. Once born the pfo will close as the concentratiojn of oxygen in the blood rises. In a small percentage of infants the pfo may persist. Figures on this occurrence vary from 10-15%. Rarely is any treatment required unless the blood flow is severely affected. Most close within 1-2 years of birth. ...Read more
Usually none: About 20% of all adults have pfo. Most people never have symptoms. Pagtent foramen ovale has been associated with cryptogenic stroke (a stroke thought to come from a small clot passing across the pfo from the right side of the heart to the left), migraine headaches, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more
Surgery: Most patent foramen ovales (pfo) do not have to be repaired. However if repair is indicated due to failure or respiratory issues, it would require open median sternotomy and probably 5-6 days in the hospital. This of course depends on the age of the patient. ...Read more
Mostly benign: This is a small window between the upper heart chambers that is usually blocked off after birth. When baby starts to breathe, the circulation changes, increasing pressure that closes a flap over this window. It can still open if pressures in the upper chambers allow it. Very rarely, a person can pass a clot though that point and trigger a stroke. For most of us, it is of no functional importance. ...Read more
Echo: Only way to know is by echocardiogram. Sometimes, especially in adults, an injection of agitated saline during the echo may be necessary. Also, if image quality is limited, which is usually the case in adults, a transesophageal echo (echo done through introducing the probe into the esophagus) is necessary to look for a patent foramen ovale (pfo). ...Read more
Catheter based: A PFO is usually repaired with a heart catheterization. An occluding device is delivered with a catheter from the leg and placed in the pfo. Closure is usually 100% effective. ...Read more
Long life: A patent foramen ovale is very common, and usually it is not known. Typically you would expect a normal life span, unless it is a contributing factor in other health problems, such as a stroke. ...Read more
When it's big: Most foramen ovale close after a baby is born, however sometimes it does not close. If a person has heart problem, pictures are taken a patent foramen may be discovered. If the pfo is contributing to a heart problem it may be closed, however many are discovered only after a person dies of other causes and happens to have autopsy, in other words people likely have them and they don't effect them. ...Read more
No different: As long as anyone else without one. It does not predispose one toward early death, etc. ...Read more
Yes: Good followup with your cardiologist should be continued. ...Read more
Nothing: A pfo is a small opening in the wall between the upper chambers (atria) of the heart. It is present in everyone at birth and closes in about 80% of people by one year of life. So it is present in about 20% of "normal" people. In general, no intervention is required and it causes no symptoms. ...Read more
A normal duration: The presence of a patent foramen ovale has not been shown to affect life expectancy in the general population. ...Read more
Is there any bad things to the procedure patent foramen ovale closure? I am considering it, is it worth it?
Closing a pfo is usually not dangerous but bad things can happen.
The best question is : do you need it and why?
I would strongly advise to discuss the indications with your doctor and for him/her to show you all studies that advise to do it and the ones that do not. Then you can truly make an informed decision about the need for the procedure, chances of success and complications in their hands. ...Read more
Is it possible for a child to have a patent foramen ovale (pfo) and a patent ductis arteriosus (pda)?
Yes: It is a normal feature of the heart prior to birth and may persist in some. The PDA is usually picked up on exam, the pfo would only be accessible to advanced studies. ...Read more
Can you give me more info on experience with a child who has a patent foramen ovale (pfo) and a patent ductis arteriosus (pda)?
Common: All normal fetuses have a pfo and a pda. These are connections between the "left heart" and the "right heart" that allow blood to bypass the lungs and flow properly to the placenta. Typically, in the first 24 hours after birth, the PDA closes. Pfo closure can be more gradual and can be present for many months, and still be a normal finding. Persistent patency can be a problem. ...Read more
PFO: A patent foramen ovale is a common echocardiograph finding in a newborn in the first days of life. It is usually not associated with other cardiac defects. The foramen ovale is a fetal shunt present in the heart when the baby is a fetus and then closes after birth as does the patent ductus arteriosus. ...Read more
PFO: The patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a small communication between the right and left upper chambers of your heart. It is needed for oxygenation when you're fetus. Sometimes it doesn't close. It is thought to be present in ~20 to 30% of the population. The shunt means they can see the passage of blood through it. This small hole is inconsequential and USUALLY requires no further testing or treatment. ...Read more
- Talk to a doctor online
- Patent foramen ovale and pregnancy
- Can having a patent foramen ovale cause permanent damage to the heart?
- Foramen ovale aneurysm
- Foramen ovale and ductus arteriosus
- Patent stent
- Tracks patent
- Treatments for pityrosporum ovale
- Patent foramen ovale vs patent ductus arteriosus