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Doctor insights on: Patent Foramen Ovale In Children

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What's a patent foramen ovale?

What's a patent foramen ovale?

Small heart opening: It is an opening in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart that allows blood from the placenta to get to where it needs to go during fetal life. All babies are born with this. It usually closes after birth, but 20% of all adults still have this. It is normal, though it has been associated with stroke, migraine headach, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more

Foramen Ovale (Definition)

Foramen ovale is one of the physiological shunts in the fetal heart between right and left atrium. It closes shortly after newborn period, when systemic blood pressure rises and takes over the pulmonary pressure and aorta begins to supply the majority of the body with the more oxygenated blood from the left ventricle, in contrast to the fetal circulation, where main blood supply ...Read more


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What is a patent foramen ovale?

What is a patent foramen ovale?

A hole in the heart: A patent foramen ovale (pfo) is a necessary hole between two upper chambers of the heart. This hole allows fetal blood circulation to occurr. Once the baby is born, circulation changes, the hole closes to allow normal post natal human circulatuin pathway. It remains open in a small number of patients and is usually asymptomatic. ...Read more

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How to correct patent foramen ovale?

How to correct patent foramen ovale?

Depends. . .: Check out http://www. Mayoclinic. Com/health/patent-foramen-ovale/ds00728/dsection=treatments-and-drugs for some basic ideas. Then chat w/your cardiologist to find out what's done in australia. ...Read more

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How common is a patent foramen ovale?

How common is a patent foramen ovale?

Common: All infants have a patent foramen ovale (pfo) as a fetus. This allows the fetal circulation to flow. Once born the pfo will close as the concentratiojn of oxygen in the blood rises. In a small percentage of infants the pfo may persist. Figures on this occurrence vary from 10-15%. Rarely is any treatment required unless the blood flow is severely affected. Most close within 1-2 years of birth. ...Read more

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When do you close a patent foramen ovale?

When do you close a patent foramen ovale?

Symptoms: When the patent for amen ovale causes symptoms of respiratory effort, shortness of breath, decreased exercise tolerance, etc. ...Read more

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How is PFO (patent foramen ovale) treated?

How is PFO (patent foramen ovale) treated?

PFO: Patent foramen ovale or pfo is a congenital remnant which normally closes at birth but for several reasons can open later in life. Blood or clots can travel across and if they do, the opening should be closed. It can be closed either surgically or by a catheter based procedure. ...Read more

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Please list patent foramen ovale symptoms?

Please list patent foramen ovale symptoms?

Usually none: About 20% of all adults have pfo. Most people never have symptoms. Pagtent foramen ovale has been associated with cryptogenic stroke (a stroke thought to come from a small clot passing across the pfo from the right side of the heart to the left), migraine headaches, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more

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How do you repair a patent? Foramen ovale?

Surgery: Most patent foramen ovales (pfo) do not have to be repaired. However if repair is indicated due to failure or respiratory issues, it would require open median sternotomy and probably 5-6 days in the hospital. This of course depends on the age of the patient. ...Read more

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What are the tests for patent foramen ovale?

What are the tests for patent foramen ovale?

Echocardiogram: An ultrasound of the heart, called an echocardiogram, can detect patent foramen ovale - which, incidentally, is present in about a fourth of normal hearts and not always a cause for concern. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of patent foramen ovale?

What are the symptoms of patent foramen ovale?

Usually none: Most pfo's are asymptomatic. In rare instances of clot formation, it can cross from venous to arterial side and cause stroke. ...Read more

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Can I excercise if I have a patent foramen ovale?

Yes: The majority of patients with a patent foramen ovale are asymptomatic and do not even know they have a pfo and live normal healthy lives. ...Read more

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How serious a condition is a patent foramen ovale?

Mostly benign: This is a small window between the upper heart chambers that is usually blocked off after birth. When baby starts to breathe, the circulation changes, increasing pressure that closes a flap over this window. It can still open if pressures in the upper chambers allow it. Very rarely, a person can pass a clot though that point and trigger a stroke. For most of us, it is of no functional importance. ...Read more

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What is done for a baby with a patent foramen ovale?

Usually nothing: If asymptomatic usually nothing is done. One should have regular cardiology follow up until cleared permanently by your cardiologist. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have a pfo (patent foramen ovale)?

Echo: Only way to know is by echocardiogram. Sometimes, especially in adults, an injection of agitated saline during the echo may be necessary. Also, if image quality is limited, which is usually the case in adults, a transesophageal echo (echo done through introducing the probe into the esophagus) is necessary to look for a patent foramen ovale (pfo). ...Read more

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What is the procedure for fixing a patent foramen ovale?

What is the procedure for fixing a patent foramen ovale?

Catheter based: A PFO is usually repaired with a heart catheterization. An occluding device is delivered with a catheter from the leg and placed in the pfo. Closure is usually 100% effective. ...Read more

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Till what age can someone with patent foramen ovale live?

Long life: A patent foramen ovale is very common, and usually it is not known. Typically you would expect a normal life span, unless it is a contributing factor in other health problems, such as a stroke. ...Read more

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When does a? Patent foramen ovale have to be operated on?

When it's big: Most foramen ovale close after a baby is born, however sometimes it does not close. If a person has heart problem, pictures are taken a patent foramen may be discovered. If the pfo is contributing to a heart problem it may be closed, however many are discovered only after a person dies of other causes and happens to have autopsy, in other words people likely have them and they don't effect them. ...Read more

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Is there a downside to keep a patent foramen ovale in a child?

Depends: It depends on the size of the opening and whether or not the child has symptoms. Ask you cardiologist. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Patent foramen ovale?

What is the definition or description of: Patent foramen ovale?

Hole: Hole or communication between right and left atria, the upper heart chambers. The hole is open during fetal circulation and closes after birth. If it remains open it is termed a patent foramen ovale. Symptoms depend on its size. ...Read more

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Untill what age could a person with patent foramen ovale live?

No different: As long as anyone else without one. It does not predispose one toward early death, etc. ...Read more

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I had a patent foramen ovale repaired with an umbrella. Will I be ok?

Yes: Good followup with your cardiologist should be continued. ...Read more

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Can you tell me if a child has a PFO (patent foramen ovale), what to do?

Can you tell me if a child has a PFO (patent foramen ovale), what to do?

Nothing: A pfo is a small opening in the wall between the upper chambers (atria) of the heart. It is present in everyone at birth and closes in about 80% of people by one year of life. So it is present in about 20% of "normal" people. In general, no intervention is required and it causes no symptoms. ...Read more

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How long can I live with a patent foramen ovale if it was never corrected?

A normal duration: The presence of a patent foramen ovale has not been shown to affect life expectancy in the general population. ...Read more

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Is there any bad things to the procedure patent foramen ovale closure? I am considering it, is it worth it?

Do homework: Closing a pfo is usually not dangerous but bad things can happen.
The best question is : do you need it and why?
I would strongly advise to discuss the indications with your doctor and for him/her to show you all studies that advise to do it and the ones that do not. Then you can truly make an informed decision about the need for the procedure, chances of success and complications in their hands. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for patent foramen ovale?

Nothing: Oftentimes no treatment is required unles symptomatic. If symptomatic then a device closure can be done by a cardiologist or surgical closure by a cardiac surgeon. ...Read more

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Is it possible for a child to have a patent foramen ovale (pfo) and a patent ductis arteriosus (pda)?

Yes: It is a normal feature of the heart prior to birth and may persist in some. The PDA is usually picked up on exam, the pfo would only be accessible to advanced studies. ...Read more

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Can you give me more info on experience with a child who has a patent foramen ovale (pfo) and a patent ductis arteriosus (pda)?

Common: All normal fetuses have a pfo and a pda. These are connections between the "left heart" and the "right heart" that allow blood to bypass the lungs and flow properly to the placenta. Typically, in the first 24 hours after birth, the PDA closes. Pfo closure can be more gradual and can be present for many months, and still be a normal finding. Persistent patency can be a problem. ...Read more

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A newborn with a PFO (patent foramen ovale) has what other conditions?

PFO: A patent foramen ovale is a common echocardiograph finding in a newborn in the first days of life. It is usually not associated with other cardiac defects. The foramen ovale is a fetal shunt present in the heart when the baby is a fetus and then closes after birth as does the patent ductus arteriosus. ...Read more

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What does small patent foramen ovale with noted bidirectional shunt mean?

PFO: The patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a small communication between the right and left upper chambers of your heart. It is needed for oxygenation when you're fetus. Sometimes it doesn't close. It is thought to be present in ~20 to 30% of the population. The shunt means they can see the passage of blood through it. This small hole is inconsequential and USUALLY requires no further testing or treatment. ...Read more

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When is surgery needed for a child with a? Patent foramen ovale? And a patent ductis arteriosus?

When is surgery needed for a child with a? Patent foramen ovale? And a patent ductis arteriosus?

With symptoms: In the majority of cases these openings close spontaneously shortly after birth. When they remain open and interfere with adequate oxygenation and/or ventilation, exercise tolerance, etc., then surgery may be indicated. Surgery can be done minimally invasive or open. ...Read more

Dr. Donna Wilkins
165 Doctors shared insights

Patent Foramen Ovale (Definition)

Hole or communication between right and left atria, the upper heart chambers. The hole is open during fetal circulation and closes after birth. If it remains open it is termed a patent foramen ovale. Symptoms ...Read more