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Doctor insights on: Patent Foramen Ovale And Pregnancy

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What is a patent foramen ovale?

What is a patent foramen ovale?

A hole in the heart: A patent foramen ovale (pfo) is a necessary hole between two upper chambers of the heart. This hole allows fetal blood circulation to occurr. Once the baby is born, circulation changes, the hole closes to allow normal post natal human circulatuin pathway. It remains open in a small number of patients and is usually asymptomatic. ...Read more

Foramen Ovale (Definition)

...In newborns, it allows proper circulation in the fetus by shunting blood coming from the mother's placenta to the left side of the baby's heart, which is pumped immediately out to the body. Nearly all infants have this structure still open when they are born, which usually close within weeks to months after birth. A small percentage of adults still can have an ...Read more


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How to correct patent foramen ovale?

How to correct patent foramen ovale?

Depends . . .: Check out http://www.Mayoclinic.Com/health/patent-foramen-ovale/ds00728/dsection=treatments-and-drugs for some basic ideas. Then chat w/your cardiologist to find out what's done in australia. ...Read more

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What are the tests for patent foramen ovale?

What are the tests for patent foramen ovale?

Echocardiogram: An ultrasound of the heart, called an echocardiogram, can detect patent foramen ovale - which, incidentally, is present in about a fourth of normal hearts and not always a cause for concern. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of patent foramen ovale?

What are the symptoms of patent foramen ovale?

Usually none: Most pfo's are asymptomatic. In rare instances of clot formation, it can cross from venous to arterial side and cause stroke. ...Read more

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Can i excercise if I have a patent foramen ovale?

Yes: The majority of patients with a patent foramen ovale are asymptomatic and do not even know they have a pfo and live normal healthy lives. ...Read more

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What is the procedure for fixing a patent foramen ovale?

What is the procedure for fixing a patent foramen ovale?

Catheter based: A PFO is usually repaired with a heart catheterization. An occluding device is delivered with a catheter from the leg and placed in the pfo. Closure is usually 100% effective. ...Read more

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Is there a downside to keep a patent foramen ovale in a child?

Depends: It depends on the size of the opening and whether or not the child has symptoms. Ask you cardiologist. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for patent foramen ovale?

What is the treatment for patent foramen ovale?

Nothing: Oftentimes no treatment is required unles symptomatic. If symptomatic then a device closure can be done by a cardiologist or surgical closure by a cardiac surgeon. ...Read more

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Can having a patent foramen ovale cause permanent damage to the heart?

Can having a patent foramen ovale cause permanent damage to the heart?

No: A patent foramen oval is present in up to 1/3 of the population. Their presence does not cause damage to the heart. ...Read more

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What is the relationship between tricuspid and a patent foramen ovale?

What is the relationship between tricuspid and a patent foramen ovale?

Proximity: Tricuspid valve is the valve controlling blood flow from right atrium to the right ventricle. Patent foramen ovale is a temporary opening between the right and left atrium that allows neonatal circulation. It closes after birth. ...Read more

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Whats a patent foramen ovale?

Whats a patent foramen ovale?

Small heart opening: It is an opening in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart that allows blood from the placenta to get to where it needs to go during fetal life. All babies are born with this. It usually closes after birth, but 20% of all adults still have this. It is normal, though it has been associated with stroke, migraine headach, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more

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When do you close a patent foramen ovale?

Infrequently: At this point in time, there is no guideline-recommended indication for closure. There are currently clinical trials exploring this issue, and patients could be enrolled in these trials. But otherwise it is not an approved procedure anymore. ...Read more

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How is PFO (patent foramen ovale) treated?

PFO: Patent foramen ovale or pfo is a congenital remnant which normally closes at birth but for several reasons can open later in life. Blood or clots can travel across and if they do, the opening should be closed. It can be closed either surgically or by a catheter based procedure. ...Read more

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Please list patent foramen ovale symptoms?

Please list patent foramen ovale symptoms?

Usually none: About 20% of all adults have pfo. Most people never have symptoms. Pagtent foramen ovale has been associated with cryptogenic stroke (a stroke thought to come from a small clot passing across the pfo from the right side of the heart to the left), migraine headaches, and decompression illness in scuba divers. ...Read more

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How do you repair a patent ?Foramen ovale?

Surgery: Most patent foramen ovales (pfo) do not have to be repaired. However if repair is indicated due to failure or respiratory issues, it would require open median sternotomy and probably 5-6 days in the hospital. This of course depends on the age of the patient. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have a pfo(patent foramen ovale)?

Echo: Only way to know is by echocardiogram. Sometimes, especially in adults, an injection of agitated saline during the echo may be necessary. Also, if image quality is limited, which is usually the case in adults, a transesophageal echo (echo done through introducing the probe into the esophagus) is necessary to look for a patent foramen ovale (pfo). ...Read more

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When does a ?Patent foramen ovale have to be operated on?

When it's big: Most foramen ovale close after a baby is born, however sometimes it does not close. If a person has heart problem, pictures are taken a patent foramen may be discovered. If the pfo is contributing to a heart problem it may be closed, however many are discovered only after a person dies of other causes and happens to have autopsy, in other words people likely have them and they don't effect them. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Patent foramen ovale?

What is the definition or description of: Patent foramen ovale?

Hole: Hole or communication between right and left atria, the upper heart chambers. The hole is open during fetal circulation and closes after birth. If it remains open it is termed a patent foramen ovale. Symptoms depend on its size. ...Read more

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A newborn with a PFO (patent foramen ovale) has what other conditions?

PFO: A patent foramen ovale is a common echocardiograph finding in a newborn in the first days of life. It is usually not associated with other cardiac defects. The foramen ovale is a fetal shunt present in the heart when the baby is a fetus and then closes after birth as does the patent ductus arteriosus. ...Read more

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Dr. Dariush Saghafi
4 doctors shared insights

Pregnancy (Definition)

When your due date arrives, you will be more than ready to have your baby! Most women deliver the baby somewhere between 37 and 42 weeks. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, only 5% of babies arrive on the exact due date. Approximately 7% of babies are not delivered by 42 weeks, and when that happens, it is referred to ...Read more


Dr. Donna Wilkins
161 doctors shared insights

Patent Foramen Ovale (Definition)

Hole or communication between right and left atria, the upper heart chambers. The hole is open during fetal circulation and closes after birth. If it remains open it is termed a patent foramen ovale. Symptoms ...Read more