Doctor insights on:
Patent Foramen Ovale And Pregnancy
A hole in the heart: A patent foramen ovale (pfo) is a necessary hole between two upper chambers of the heart. This hole allows fetal blood circulation to occurr. Once the baby is born, circulation changes, the hole closes to allow normal post natal human circulatuin pathway. It remains open in a small number of patients and is usually asymptomatic. Read more
Foramen ovale is one of the physiological shunts in the fetal heart between right and left atrium. It closes shortly after newborn period, when systemic blood pressure rises and takes over the pulmonary pressure and aorta begins to supply the majority of the body with the more oxygenated blood from the left ventricle, in contrast to the fetal circulation, where main blood supply ...Read more
Hi doctors, can you tell me what does "small patent foramen ovale with noted bidirectional shunt" mean?
Pfo is patent: Foramen ovale did not close and allows to and fro movement of blood across the opening. Read more
Would you expect people suffering from frequent migraine without the aura to possibly have a patent foramen ovale (PFO)?
Small heart opening: It is an opening in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart that allows blood from the placenta to get to where it needs to go during fetal life. All babies are born with this. It usually closes after birth, but 20% of all adults still have this. It is normal, though it has been associated with stroke, migraine headach, and decompression illness in scuba divers. Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
PFO: Patent foramen ovale or pfo is a congenital remnant which normally closes at birth but for several reasons can open later in life. Blood or clots can travel across and if they do, the opening should be closed. It can be closed either surgically or by a catheter based procedure. Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Usually none: About 20% of all adults have pfo. Most people never have symptoms. Pagtent foramen ovale has been associated with cryptogenic stroke (a stroke thought to come from a small clot passing across the pfo from the right side of the heart to the left), migraine headaches, and decompression illness in scuba divers. Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Surgery: Most patent foramen ovales (pfo) do not have to be repaired. However if repair is indicated due to failure or respiratory issues, it would require open median sternotomy and probably 5-6 days in the hospital. This of course depends on the age of the patient. Read more
Echo: Only way to know is by echocardiogram. Sometimes, especially in adults, an injection of agitated saline during the echo may be necessary. Also, if image quality is limited, which is usually the case in adults, a transesophageal echo (echo done through introducing the probe into the esophagus) is necessary to look for a patent foramen ovale (pfo). Read more
When it's big: Most foramen ovale close after a baby is born, however sometimes it does not close. If a person has heart problem, pictures are taken a patent foramen may be discovered. If the pfo is contributing to a heart problem it may be closed, however many are discovered only after a person dies of other causes and happens to have autopsy, in other words people likely have them and they don't effect them. Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
When your due date arrives, you will be more than ready to have your baby! Most women deliver the baby somewhere between 37 and 42 weeks. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, only 5% of babies arrive on the exact due date. Approximately 7% of babies are not delivered by 42 weeks, and when that happens, it is referred to ...Read more