Doctor insights on:
Parvo Infection In Humans
Staph aureus: We are all colonized with staph aureus. Whether or not we become infected with these organisms depends on multiple different factors. The ones that are in your cat are the same as the ones in your gut, or in your nasopharynx or on your skin. They have the same disease producing mechanisms. Whether they will infect you is problematic. ...Read more
Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally? Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?
The Microbiome... : Great thought question. However, you are assuming we know all the community of species of bacteria in the body (aka. The microbiome). Recently, we have discovered thousands of genera in our body through molecular techniques (most don't even have a name yet). Though it's tempting to generalize, the question you pose can't be answered with any reliability with what we know today. ...Read more
Sometimes...: Sometimes, fleas may carry bacteria that can infect humans. The most important and most familiar flea-borne disease in the world is plague. Plague exists in most arid regions of the world, including the western United States. The second flea-borne disease is murine typhus, which occurs worldwide, including in the southwestern U.S. And hawaii. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
When there is an outbreak of west nile virus, how is the population of infected mosquitoes exterminated?
No: Yersinia pestis is transmitted by the xenopsylla cheopis (rat flea)- the bubonic form. Also, it may be transmitted by inhalation - pneumonic form. Best to avoid individuals with the disease or areas of high infestations. Pt's with the pneumonic form will require respiratory isolation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the origin of human t-lymphotrophic virus? Did it originate from primates (simian viruses?)?
Probably: The human t-lymphotropic virus type i is a human RNA retrovirus that is known to cause adult t-cell leukemia and lymphoma, and a demyelinating disease called htlv-i associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Htlv-i is one of a group of closely related primate t lymphotropic viruses. The ones that infect old-world primates are called simian t-lymphotropic viruses. ...Read more
Malaria vs WNV: West Nile Virus is found in temperate & tropical areas of the world. West Nile Virus has been detected in Culex, Anopheles, Culiseta, Deinocerites, Psorophora, Mansonia, Coquillettidia, Uranotaenia & Aedes mosquitoes. But the most common carriers are Culex & Aedes. Malaria is usually found in tropical & subtropical areas. There are about 3,500 species of mosquitoes. Only 30 to 40 species of ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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