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Parts Of The Small Intestine In Order
See below: The stomach empties into the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum, where bile and pancreatic enzymes enter for digestion. Next is the jejunum and then the ileum. These are parts of the small intestine that also absorb nutrients & vitamins that then can enter into the blood stream. ...Read more
The gastrointestinal tract starts at the mouth, travel down the tunnel (esophagus), which connects to the stomach, which then empties into the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum---the three parts of the small intestine (@25 feet). This empties into the colon or large intestine (about 5 feet), which then becomes the sigmoid colon, rectum and out the anus. So, every morsel eaten ...Read more
Several tests: Several tests examine the intestine: endoscopy, exploratory surgery, ct scan, x-ray, gastrograffin enema, ultrasound. Each test is used based upon the clinical presentation and indication. The least invasive and least expensive are x-ray and ultrasound. They also provide the least information. Ct scan provides a lot of info, but requires more radiation. Endoscopy and surgery have more risks. ...Read more
All but 150-200cm: All of the intestine can be removed. However, most adults need to keep at least 150 to 200 cms of small intestine to maintain enough function to avoid complications such as dehydration, severe diarrhea, and vitamin/mineral deficiencies. When you have less than that amount, you may require supplemental IV fluids of nutrition into the vein. Some patients receive intestine transplant, if necessary. ...Read more
Within and without..: The obstrction can be form something within the lumen (the passage) or within the wall or from externally (within the abdomen but outside the si). With this in mind it is possible to work through the possibilites and reach a conclusion... ...Read more
All but 150-200 cm: All of the intestine can be removed. However, most adults need to keep at least 150 to 200 cm of small intestine to maintain enough function to avoid complications such as dehydration, severe diarrhea, and vitamin/mineral deficiencies. When you have less than that amount, you may require supplemental IV fluids of nutrition into the vein. Some patients receive intestine transplant, if necessary. ...Read more
Differs among people: Some people can lose a significant length of their intestine and still maintain relatively normal function. Other people can retain their entire intestine length and still have poor function. Historically, adults require about 100cm minimum to function without supplemental fluids or nutrition. However, this depends on presence of large intestine and the valve between the small and large intestine. ...Read more
Knotted bowels: Intussuseption occurs when bowel folds into itself; volvulus is when bowels become twisted--both may result in "knotting" & are emergent conditions. The sensation may also result from autonomic dysfunction with slow transit, dysmotility syndromes, & gut spasms. These situations are distinguished from bowel obstruction. ...Read more
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