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Doctor insights on: Partial Sclerosis Of Mastoid Air Cell

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Dr. Tanya Russo
3 doctors shared insights

Sclerosis (Definition)

We neurologists employ the term to describe localized damage involving the central nervous system, and sclerosis means scarring. If in many areas, might be multiple sclerosis. If affecting the motor nerve cell, ...Read more


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What organelles are affected in a patient with multiple sclerosis and how are they malfunctioning within the cell?

What organelles are affected in a patient with multiple sclerosis and how are they malfunctioning within the cell?

Try several sites: In general, this is a disease of the myelin coverings of nerves within the central nervous system. We do find autoimmune reactions mediated by activated white cells which cross the brain/blood barrier to attack brain and spinal cord. There may be additional problems involving astrocytic and microglial functions. See more information at Mayo Clinic and Johns Hopkins websites, Wikepedia,
aan.com ...Read more

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Can you please define multiple sclerosis stem cell?

Can you please define multiple sclerosis stem cell?

A research study: Actually, no such terminology has been introduced yet, since we are in very early stages of examining the potential of stem cells to treat ms patients. Some of this is being done in europe, and expect more in the future. Outcomes unclear currently, but stay tuned. ...Read more

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What is the treatment procedure for multiple sclerosis stem cell?

What is the treatment procedure for multiple sclerosis stem cell?

Not available: The Closest approach to stem cell, so far, is bone marrow transplant, which has significant risk, and may be only minimally successful. The Best approach in the relapsing-remitting phase, such drugs as Gilenya and tysabri (natalizumab). Some usage in chronic phases of rituxamab, but risks there as well. Stem cell applications still a long way off. Sorry. ...Read more

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Do you have successful experience treating lichen sclerosis? I recently read about treating with stem cell lift method. Is this done in dallas?

Do you have successful experience treating lichen sclerosis? I recently read about treating with stem cell lift method. Is this done in dallas?

Lichen sclerosis: A tapering dose of stoic ointment is usually successful. Make sure that you are using clobetasol ointment and not cream as ointment (petroleum-based) will not wash off. If not improved, I would seek out specialized treatment centers for vulvar disorders. ...Read more

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Was curious as to where can you get stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis?

Was curious as to where can you get stem cell therapy for multiple sclerosis?

Only in research: We are in the infancy of this approach, but a few medical centers are looking at this and if interested, contact a nearby medical school or the national institutes of health. ...Read more

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Help me interpret vulvar biopsy. Focal squamous atypia. Ki-67 shows mild increase cell proliferation focal vin can't be excluded. Lichen sclerosis?

Help me interpret vulvar biopsy. Focal squamous atypia. Ki-67 shows mild increase cell proliferation focal vin can't be excluded. Lichen sclerosis?

Nothing serious yet: This report suggests slightly abnormal changes (atypia & increased cell proliferation) which can be a reaction to irritation but there is no definitive evidence of precancerous change (VIN). In short there is nothing to worry about right now unless you are concerned and you'd like a second opinion ...Read more

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I have Multiple Sclerosis and I wake up choking and grasping for air. I have choking episodes all day (at work, while driving, etc). I am afraid to eat.

I have Multiple Sclerosis and I wake up choking and grasping for air. I have choking episodes all day (at work, while driving, etc). I am afraid to eat.

Several points: You may have a sleep disorder, such as sleep apnea, but a better explanation might be sinusitis or GERD. Would urge you to visit internist and undergo full examination. Would also get your neurologist into the loop, as regardless of course of the above, you need a potent disease modifying agent for your MS. It is very unusual for MS to affect breathing or cause intermittent choking. ...Read more

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What happens if you suffer from mesial temporal sclerosis and complex partial seizures, can you haev a normal life?

What happens if you suffer from mesial temporal sclerosis and complex partial seizures, can you haev a normal life?

Yes: Often these problems can be controlled with medication. If that doesn't work, then evaluation for possible surgery is appropriate. However, in either case there is a real possibility that you can lead a normal, productive life. ...Read more

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Simple partial seizure vs. Panic attack vs. Pseudoseizure? I have tuberous sclerosis & my dr goes back/forth btwn them as diagnosis. I'm frustrated!

Assessment.: Do you have both a psychiatrist and a neurologist? It would probably be important to be evaluated by both type of specialists and for them to collaborate. Take care. ...Read more

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Partial opacification of the bilateral mastoid air cells, middle ear, ethmoid air cells. Meaning?

Partial opacification of the bilateral mastoid air cells, middle ear, ethmoid air
cells. Meaning?

Inflammation: May be due to allergy, a viral or bacterial infection or its residual. Need more history to better define. Speak to your doctor who ordered the test and get an understanding of what was being looked for. ...Read more

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Why are "family doctors" answering multiple sclerosis questions?! I have spotted inaccurate info being given. Only a neuro answer? 'S

Why are "family doctors" answering multiple sclerosis questions?! I have spotted inaccurate info being given. Only a neuro answer? 'S

Part of a team: Your family doctor is usually the doc who makes the referrals and is often the one who helps treat complications, such as urinary tract infections, fatigue, associated injuries, medication reactions, and he/she keeps open the communication lines between different specialties. Coordination of medical care is critcal these days. ...Read more

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What's "mitral sclerosis"?

What's "mitral sclerosis"?

ABNORMAL THICKENING: Of the mitral valve with associated mitral valve prolapse. It's calcium buildup in the valve, stated simply. It might have been triggered by rheumatic fever or any other condition that would make the valve structurally abnormal. This condition is usually progressive and surgery may be necessary down the road. Close follow up is also important. ...Read more

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What is corneal sclerosis?

What is corneal sclerosis?

Old term: This is an older term, but I think it is synonymous with band keratopathy. A degeneration of the cornea seen in eye with a chronically damaged cornea, resulting in opacification of the cornea. ...Read more

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What is multiple sclerosis?

Autoimmune condition: It is a condition where your own immune system attacks the sheaths (myelin) which covers your nerve fibers. Common symptoms include weakness in muscles due to slow/ damaged nerve conduction. Lowering Inflammation in your body via diet, stress reduction, anti-inflammatory supplements may delay, stabilize and improve the condition. ...Read more

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Can I catch multiple sclerosis?

Can I catch multiple sclerosis?

No: MS is not an infectious disorder. Instead, there is varying genetic susceptibility triggered by environmental influences. ...Read more

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Can I die from mesial sclerosis?

No: Mesial temporal sclerosis is NOT a disease, but rather an anatomical asymmetry in the brain due to focal scarring and injury to one temporal lobe. This may promote a variety of epilepsies, which could be difficult to control, but if treated, this should not shorten your life. If untreated, there is risk of nocturnal SUDEP, which could be deadly, but that is indirect, not primary. ...Read more

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Is multiple sclerosis hereditary?

Complex: Multiple sclerosis is an issue of genetic susceptibility, not the usual heredity, and risk runs about 3-5% if mother has it, 1-2% if father has it. But without specific environmental triggers, the disease will be unlikely to manifest. ...Read more

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Who discovered multiple sclerosis?

Who discovered multiple sclerosis?

Charcot: The French neurologist Charcot is credited with identifying MS as a distinct entity for the first time. ...Read more

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Could you cure multiple sclerosis?

Could you cure multiple sclerosis?

No cure at this time: It is difficult to develop a cure when the cause of a condition is not fully understood. There seem to be several factors that contribute to the development of MS but there is no ONE gene or ONE virus that has been implicated as a direct cause. Rather, the interaction of genetic susceptibility and infectous and/or environmental factors seem to result in dysregulation of the immune system. ...Read more

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What is primary lateral sclerosis?

What is primary lateral sclerosis?

Variation of ALS: Motor neuron disease or ALS presents in several variable forms, and is a disease of motor neuron degeneration in brain and spinal cord. In the primary lateral sclerosis variant (only 1-3% of all cases), the disorder affects the upper motor neuron only, and is focal on one side or the other. By definition, this form would be far less malignant. ...Read more

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How does diabetes cause sclerosis?

How does diabetes cause sclerosis?

Diabetic nephropathy: The high sugars of diabetics is what causes kidney damage called sclerosis or diabetic nephropathy. ...Read more

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How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?

Detective Work: No one diagnostic study can stand alone to conclusively diagnose ms. A neurologist must be a detective, hunting out clues from symptoms suggesting abnormal function in the brain or spinal cord white matter, of appropriate duration (greater than 24 hours) coupled with abnormalities on examination. Mri, spinal fluid, and certain blood tests. This information can help exclude MS mimickers. ...Read more

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The Best multiple sclerosis medications?

Interferons ? : There is no best medication, some would suit the patient better than others but interferons are the most widely used for prevention of attacks. ...Read more

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How does one get multiple sclerosis?

No one really knows: Ms is thought to be caused when the immune system attacks the neurons in the body, specifically the cells that make white matter. There are many theories of why the body does this but no agreement. ...Read more