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Doctor insights on: Partial Central Diabetes Insipidus

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
3,207 doctors shared insights

Diabetes (Definition)

Diabetes is a disease of increased blood glucose levels. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the intake of food. Insulin is a type of hormone that removes the glucose from the blood and moves it into the cells to provide them with energy. There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not make any insulin. Therefore, glucose stays inside the blood and does not move into the cells. Type 2 diabetes, which is commonly associated with obesity, is when the body is either resistant to the effects of insulin or when the body does not produce enough insulin. Increased levels of glucose in the body causes severe damage to the ...Read more


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Dx'd w/partial idiopathic central diabetes insipidus 20yrs ago by H20deprivation test. Put on DDAVP (desmopressin). No longer needed DDAVP (desmopressin) after 2 yrs.Sx better.Why?

Dx'd w/partial idiopathic central diabetes insipidus 20yrs ago by H20deprivation test. Put on DDAVP (desmopressin). No longer needed DDAVP (desmopressin) after 2 yrs.Sx better.Why?

Central DI: Hard to answer. It was called "idiopathic", meaning no clear cause. In a 13 yr old, the causes could include a tumor, certain medications, trauma/surgery, meningitis, etc. It is possible that something happened back then but then resolved. Is it possible that you now still have partial DI? Under usual conditions, don't need DDAVP, (desmopressin) but under water stress you may. See your Endocrinologist. ...Read more

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Is central diabetes insipidus related to adrenal insuffiency? Im having an ACTH test to check adrenal function.

Is central diabetes insipidus related to adrenal insuffiency? Im having an ACTH test to check adrenal function.

Can be: Hi. If you have Addison's (skin, crease, gum, and scar darkening, malaise, nausea, dizziness, vital signs abnormalities, electrolyte abnormalities, etc), your ACTH will be very high. Addison's is most commonly an autoimmune disease. At least a subset of idiopathic central DI appears to be autoimmune in nature, and the risk of that goes up with other autoimmune diseases. If real, you got 2 rare 1's ...Read more

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Besides head injury, pregancy, surgery,or pituitary tumor, what can cause one to have transient central diabetes insipidus? autoimmune?

Besides head injury, pregancy, surgery,or pituitary tumor, what can cause one to have transient central diabetes insipidus? autoimmune?

Hard to say: Hi. I'd like to see the evidence for transient DI. Most autoimmune DI (for which there is no clinical lab test...yet) is not transient as far as we know, although that would be high on the list of suspects for a transient DI, in my opinion, having excluded the other causes you mention. Consider yourself fortunate if it's transient! Happy 2015! ...Read more

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What are the formal criteria for the diagnosis "partial diabetes insipidus"?

What are the formal criteria for the diagnosis "partial diabetes insipidus"?

Diabetes insipidus: 400 characters are too few to answer your question. In general, the doctor will look at a 24-hour urine collection for determination of urine volume, serum electrolyte concentrations and glucose level, urinary specific gravity, simultaneous plasma and urinary osmolality, and plasma ADH (vasopressin) level. It may also include a water deprivation test, MRI, etc. ...Read more

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How do you differentiate partial diabetes insipidus from total when diagnosing?

How do you differentiate partial diabetes insipidus from total when diagnosing?

Complicated: The answer to this question should be given face to face with your physician as it can be a little technical to explain. ...Read more

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When you have partial diabetes insipidus, can it be "turned on/off" in different days?

No: Diabetes Insipidus is a complex diagnosis to make. The treatment is based on what the cause is. Genereally, DI does not fluctuate on different days. ...Read more

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Can symptoms of diabetes insipidus disappear?

Can symptoms of diabetes insipidus disappear?

If the cause disappe: The degree of recovery is largely dependent on the underlying cause of the disease. Complete resolution of symptoms may not be seen in individuals with severe disease. Chronic diabetes insipidus, although inconvenient, is not usually a dire medical condition. When properly treated, diabetes insipidus itself does not reduce life expectancy. The prognosis, therefore, depends on the underlying diseas. ...Read more

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Foods that help people with diabetes insipidus?

Foods  that help people with diabetes insipidus?

It depeds on reason: One component of effective management of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is the low sodium diet. Restricted sodium intake limits renal solute load and permits full effectiveness of chorothiazide. The usual sodium intake for persons in the us is about 5000 mg/day. From a medical perspective, the low sodium restriction for treatment of hypertension is 2400 mg/day. ...Read more

Dr. Luis Gonzalez-mendoza
244 doctors shared insights

Diabetes Insipidus (Definition)

Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a condition of excessive thirst and urination. It can be caused by kidney dysfunction or problems in a part of the brain that controls fluid ...Read more