Top
30
Doctor insights on: Parathyroid Gland Removal

Share
1

1
What does the parathyroid gland do?

What does the parathyroid gland do?

Regulate calcium: The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone that keeps the level of calcium in the blood from falling. It does this by pulling calcium from the bone and by preventing loss of calcium through the kidney. It is also necessary to convert vitamin d into its active form, which in turn increases calcium absorption in the gut. ...Read more

Parathyroid Gland (Definition)

There are four pea sized parathyroid glands located behind your thyroid gland, two on each side. These glands secrete a hormone which is resonsible for your calcium balance. These glands can enlarge to secrete too much hormone causing symptoms and sometimes requiring surgical intervention. Thyroid surgery can also put these glands at risk, although in experienced ...Read more


2

2
What is the definition or description of: parathyroid gland?

What is the definition or description of: parathyroid gland?

Parathyroid gland: There are four pea sized parathyroid glands located behind your thyroid gland, two on each side. These glands secrete a hormone which is resonsible for your calcium balance. These glands can enlarge to secrete too much hormone causing symptoms and sometimes requiring surgical intervention. Thyroid surgery can also put these glands at risk, although in experienced hands usually only temporarily. ...Read more

3

3
Can you live without your thyroid or parathyroid gland?

Can you live without your thyroid or parathyroid gland?

Yes: Many people have their thyroid gland removed and thyroid hormone is easy to replace. If all your parathyroids are taken out which is generally a complication of surgery for thyroid then vit d and calcium can be used to treat. ...Read more

4

4
What does the parathyroid gland have to do with diabetes?

What does the parathyroid gland have to do with diabetes?

None: They are both glands that secrete hormones, but different hormones, and a dysfunction of one has no bearing on the other. ...Read more

5

5
What diseases can develop from a tumor in the parathyroid gland?

What diseases can develop from a tumor in the parathyroid gland?

Many symptoms: The list is long: bone pain, osteopenia, osteoporosis, bone fractures, osteogenesis fibrosis cystica, kidney stones, kidney failure, pancreatitis, abdominal pain, ulcers, depression, fatigue, forgetfulness, insomnia mong others. The cure is surgery, surgery, surgery! ...Read more

7

7
Do I have just one bad parathyroid gland?  

Do I have just one bad parathyroid gland?  

Usually: Usually it's one gland that has the adenoma but you can also have a condition called parathyroid hyperplasia where all 4 glands are enlarged. You only need 1/2 of a parathyroid gland to function normally, that is, 1/2 out of 4 glands. ...Read more

8

8
What is the fuction of the parathyroid gland?

What is the fuction of the parathyroid gland?

Calcium control: It very precisely controls the blood calcium level at a max of 10.2 mg /100 ml. If calcium rises then PTH drops, if calcium drops then PTH rises to keep in range. ...Read more

9

9
How can one diseased parathyroid gland be found?

How can one diseased parathyroid gland be found?

Find parathyroid: 1. Ultrasound because it's cheap and can be done by most high volume practitioners in their office.
2. 4D CT. This is new but far superior to the former number 2.
3. SPECT CT Tc 99 sestamibi or other sestamibi based scan.
4. If you go to 4 or beyond, your a special case and make sure you have a really experienced surgeon. ...Read more

11

11
What is a parathyroid gland and where is it located?

What is a parathyroid gland and where is it located?

Neck: The parathyroid glands are diffierent than the thyroid gland (they share part of the name but their functions are very diffierent). There are 4 parathyroid glands. They are usually located on the back of the thyroid gland but they can also be located around the jaw and neck as well. ...Read more

12

12
What are the symptomps of parathyroid gland problems?

What are the symptomps of parathyroid gland problems?

Parathyroid problems: Hi. Too complex for small space. Primary hyperpara (PHPT) is a disease of parathyroids where too much PTH is secreted, which causes high blood calcium, with symptoms/signs of kidney stones, bone fractures, malaise, depression, high blood pressure, and others. Hypoparathy is a disease of parathyroids where they can't secrete enough PTH, with symptoms of numbness, tingling, and muscle twitching. ...Read more

13

13
What is the cause of parathyroid gland to become really active?

What is the cause of parathyroid gland to become really active?

It could be: Caused by a benign tumor called adenoma, and it is called primary hyperparathyroidism. Sometimes, when someone is on chronic hemodialysis, secondary hyperparathyroidism can occur. If your calcium level is high, you should have surgical removal of your parathyroid gland. ...Read more

15

15
It'd be possible that a parathyroid gland be so enlarged to interfere with swallowing?

It'd be possible that a parathyroid gland be so enlarged to interfere with swallowing?

Rare: A parathyroid gland is the size of a grain of rice. Quite small by all accounts. If it is enlarged, it would have to be "massive" to cause a problem. See a good head and neck surgeon with expertise in parathyroid gland surgery for their opinion. ...Read more

16

16
Can a low parathyroid gland effect my medication for adhd?

Can a low parathyroid gland effect my medication for adhd?

U mean low thyroid?: Low parathyroid hormone is a rare condition, usually caused by removal of too much parathyroid tissue during surgery to treat a parathyroid adenoma. It has no symptoms except the resulting low calcium levels in the blood. Low thyroid is very common and should be treated. It has many psychiatric consequences, including decreased attention and concentration. Your adhd meds will be less effective. ...Read more

18

18
Can you tell me about hormone produced by the parathyroid gland influences the blood level rise of what product?

Can you tell me about hormone produced by the parathyroid gland influences the blood level rise of what product?

Calcium: Hi parathyroid hormone (PTH) has the task of preventing low blood calcium. About 99% of the body's calcium is in the skeleton. Blood calcium is tightly regulated. If there is a threat of low blood calcium, PTH is secreted to pull calcium out of bone and put it in the blood and to reduce urinary losses of calcium and to make active vitamin D (calcitriol) to augment GI absorption of calcium. ...Read more

20

20
My daughter has a 1.1cm hypoechoic density on the lt. Thyroid gland inferior to the parathyroid gland (hx: hoshimoto's) should we be concerned?

My daughter has a 1.1cm hypoechoic density on the lt. Thyroid gland inferior to the parathyroid gland (hx: hoshimoto's) should we be concerned?

Would biopsy: I would generally biopsy any lump on the thyroid gland 1cm or larger. Hashimoto's does make the results of the biopsy a little more confusing sometimes, but that wouldn't keep me from doing an ultrasound guided needle biopsy. Talk to a surgeon who regularly performs thyroid surgery. ...Read more

21

21
What does 'Heterogeneous thyroid glands bilaterally with diffusely increase vascularity' mean? And also what is a 'hypertrophied parathyroid gland'?

What does 'Heterogeneous thyroid glands bilaterally with diffusely increase vascularity' mean? And also what is a 'hypertrophied parathyroid gland'?

Endocrinologist: It means that there is abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, which has three zones, symmetrically. An enlargement of a parathyroid gland is called hyperplasia. These findings are abnormal and are considered a multiglandular problem which requires the evaluation and treatment advice from an endocrinologist. ...Read more

23

23
Subcentimeter complex cystic focus within or immediately adjacent to inferior posterior aspect of left thyroid lobe. Could be parathyroid gland? 8mm

Could be: Go see your doctor to get your labs drawn. If calcium, parathyroid hormone and thyroid hormone are normal. Then all you have to do is follow this nodule with another u/s in the future (approximately 1 year) to make sure it's not changing. ...Read more

24

24
Biopsy on bleeding-ulcer showed problem w/parathyroid gland. Dr said that I need to go for further testing&that my wife should to. Why her too?

Biopsy on bleeding-ulcer showed problem w/parathyroid gland. Dr said that I need to go for further testing&that my wife should to. Why her too?

Unclear: Talk with your doctor. Parathyroid disease is not contagious, and if your doctor thought you both should get further testing, there is likely part of the story missing. So, just ask. ...Read more

25

25
Can a surgeon accidentally removing a 1.5 cm mass of extra thyroid tissue or parathyroid gland cause significant hormone/thyroid problems in future?

Can a surgeon accidentally removing a 1.5 cm mass of extra thyroid tissue or parathyroid gland cause significant hormone/thyroid problems in future?

Possibly: Damage or excess removal of those tissues may result in underactive thyroid. There are 4 parathyroid glands so damage to one or two should not cause hypoparathyroidism. Either way such a patient should be followed with periodic testing of thyroid function and parathyroid functions such as serum calcium levels by the endocrinologist or head and neck surgeon. ...Read more

26

26
Can the parathyroid gland have spasms? How can I stop the esophageal spasms? I have tried everything! Now on omeprazole dr 40 mg! Not working! Even vomit

Can the parathyroid gland have spasms? How can I stop the esophageal spasms? I have tried everything! Now on omeprazole dr 40 mg! Not working! Even vomit

Not the parathyroid: The parathyroid does not have spasms. It makes parathyroid hormone fairly continuously, and that controls your blood calcium. If ca is normal, no need to worry about parathyroid.
It sounds like you have rather bad esophageal reflux, and perhaps you should see a gastroenterologist. ...Read more

27

27
Can bad cough felt in the throat not chest be related to bad parathyroid gland? I had this for couple wks. Went fr chest to feel in throat.

Can bad cough felt in the throat not chest be related to bad parathyroid gland? I had this for couple wks. Went fr chest to feel in throat.

Irritation: Parathyroid glands are small and I don't think that your cough is caused by one. You may have tracheal irritation left over from a recent bronchial infection with a lot of coughing. A chest x-ray should be done to make sure that there is no lung pathology if the cough persists. In the meantime try a mild cough suppressant like robitussindm. ...Read more

28

28
Where does parathyroid glands locate in our body?

Where does parathyroid glands locate in our body?

In the neck: The parathyroid gland is located in the middle anterior (front) of the neck and these little teardrop looking glands lay on top of the thyroid gland. ...Read more

29

29
What will happen if all parathyroid glands was removed?

What will happen if all parathyroid glands was removed?

Low calcium: Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium concentration in the blood. When you have no parathyroid hormone, your calcium level will drop and your phosphorus level will rise. The treatment is to give back calcium and if you indeed have no parathyroid left, you will also need vitamin d- calcitriol. ...Read more