Top
20
Doctor insights on: Parathyroid Disorders Hypoparathyroidism

Share
1

1
Are parathyroid disorders hereditary?

Are parathyroid disorders hereditary?

Yes and no: Parathyroid disorder can occur in anyone but it could also be hereditary (that is if a family member has hyperparathyrodiism, you are at higher risk of developing the disease). There is also a condition called men (multiple endocrine neoplasm) that can increase your risk of parathyroid disease if someone in your family has it. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
Dr. Steve Martinez
53 doctors shared insights

Parathyroid Disorders (Definition)

Parathyroid disorders are a group of disorders that affect the parathyroids, which are small glands near the thyroid gland in the front of the neck that control calcium ...Read more


2

2
How are parathyroid disorders found?

How are parathyroid disorders found?

Blood test & imaging: It can be confirmed by lab and urine tests, followed by imaging studies (parathyroid scan +/- neck ultrasound). ...Read more

See 3 more doctor answers
3

3
How are parathyroid disorders treated?

How are parathyroid disorders treated?

Many: If it's hyperparathyroidism, the best treatment is surgery. Medications and possibly alcohol injection can be used but these are inferior to surgery and only considered when surgery is refused or contraindicated. If it's hypoparathyroidism, the treatment is calcium and vitamin d (both inactive and active) replacement. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
6

6
Are hyperparathyroidism and hypothyroidism related?

Are hyperparathyroidism and hypothyroidism related?

SEPERATE CONDITIONS: These are two separate conditions and can happen to some patients together There is no concvincing evidence that there is any relationship for these two conditions ...Read more

7

7
Are thyroid disorders genetic?

Are thyroid disorders genetic?

Most are: Hashimoto's and graves disease are classic hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism respectfully and are autoimmune in nature. You inherit and hla antigen which predisposes you to their development from your parents. You may never develop disorder. Of course if you remove your thyroid, you would have a low thyroid condition, in addition there are multiple drugs that can contribute to thyroid dysfunction. ...Read more

8

8
Are thyroid problems hereditary?

Some: Some of the rare types are, but for the most part, the autoimmune thyroid diseases are not so much inherited, but the tendency toward developing thyroiditis is. So, if you have a parent or sibling with autoimmune thyroiditis, your risk for developing autoimmune thyroid disease is higher than that of the general population, but you don't actually inherit the thyroid disease. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
10

10
Why would autoimmune disorders make the thyroid gland produce excessive thyroxine?

Why would autoimmune disorders make the thyroid gland produce excessive thyroxine?

Antibodies: Some auto-antibodies sit on the thyroid cells and make them over produce thyroid hormone. Other autoantibodies can cause the exact opposite. ...Read more

11

11
What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

Adrenal cortex: The adrenal cortex makes lots of hormones. Very important are cortisol and aldosterone which help maintain life and salt balance. Addison's disease is caused by adrenal cortex damage rendering it unable to make these hormones anymore, mostly autoimmune cause in us. Patients often have a bronzed look. Hydrocortisone replacement is a lifesaving necessity. Fludrocortisone may also become necessary. ...Read more

13

13
Autoimmune hypothyroidism (autoimmune thyroiditis) - how common is this disorder?

Autoimmune hypothyroidism (autoimmune thyroiditis) - how common is this disorder?

Common : It is a common autoimmune disorder and we see it a lot. It can overlap with other autoimmune disorders and is a common cause of a positive ana. It is also known as hashimotos thyroiditis. ...Read more

14

14
What causes thyroid disorders?

What causes thyroid disorders?

Three main causes: Hi. The three main causes of thyroid disorders are: 1) autoimmunity, 2) neoplasia, and 3) trivially, thyroid surgery (usually done because of #2). Autoimmunity can cause hypo- or hyperthyroidism. Neoplasia can be benign, malignant, or can cause hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroid nodules are always benign; reportable otherwise). Surgery to remove the thyroid (usually for cancer) is trivial. ...Read more

15

15
Ionized Calcium 4.65, PTH 133, Calcium 10.3, Vitamin D 7, Phosphorus 4.9, recurrent Kidney stones. Thyroid lobe, two parathyroids removed in 2004.

Ionized Calcium 4.65, PTH 133, Calcium 10.3, Vitamin D 7, Phosphorus 4.9, recurrent Kidney stones. Thyroid lobe,  two parathyroids removed in 2004.

Uncertain: These test results don't add up to a straight forward answer. However, I would be concerned about the possibility of recurrent primary hyperparathyroidism. You should take Vit D to eliminate Vit D deficiency as a cause for high PTH levels. Once this is done, if you still have high PTH with high calcium levels, you have recurrent primary HPTH and will need surgery again. ...Read more

16

16
How are thyroid disorders usually diagnosed?

Lab tests: Early thyroid hypo- or hyper-activity may be asymptomatic. Thyroid function tests are among the commonest lab tests and most functional thyroid disorders are picked up with these tests. If thyroid tumor is suspected due to mass, fine needle aspirate is usually done for diagnosis. ...Read more

17

17
Are thyroid nodules possible in congenital hypothyroidism? 26 female

Are thyroid nodules possible in congenital hypothyroidism? 26 female

Nodules: Absolutely. Unless they are large, most nodules are found using an ultrasound. Larger nodules can be palpated in the office. People who are hypothyroid are at a slightly higher risk of having a nodule. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
18

18
Can thyroid cancer cause hyperthyroidism?

Unusual: Most thyroid cancers do not produce excess thyroid hormone. Very rarely, a single nodule can produce excess hormone and be cancerous, but those are very unusual. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
19

19
What distinguishes hypothyroidism from thyroid disease?

What distinguishes hypothyroidism from thyroid disease?

Various: You can have problems with they thyroid making too much or too little thyroid hormone. You can also have problems with it being too large (goiter) of having nodules or cysts in it. There are also occasional thyroid cancers. Most thyroid problems can be easily diagnosed and treated by a qualified doctor. Hypothyroidism is only one form of thyroid disorder. ...Read more

20

20
Can parathyroid adenoma reoccur?

Can parathyroid adenoma reoccur?

No: Once the adenoma is successfully surgically removed, it is gone but it is possible for another adenoma to develop on one of your remaining parathyroid gland (you usually have 4 glands). A blood test will tell if this is happening. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
Dr. Brendan Stack Jr.
97 doctors shared insights

Hypoparathyroidism (Definition)

The condition of having an underactive parathyroid gland, resulting of low levels of ...Read more