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Doctor insights on: Parapapillary Atrophy

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Atrophy (Definition)

Atrophy usually refers to the skin-as you get older or if you have had alot of sun in the past-the dermis (that is the layer below the top layer which is called the epidermis) gets thinner and the skin looks more wrinked. Muscles and fat can also get thinner -this is another form of atrophy. Even the top layer gets thinner ...Read more


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Is cerebellar atrophy fatal?

Is cerebellar atrophy fatal?

No: Cerebellar atrophy can be associated with long term Phenytoin use and alcohol consumption. It by itself is not a fatal condition ...Read more

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What's olivopontine cerebellar atrophy?

What's olivopontine cerebellar atrophy?

Degenerative disease: A large group of sporadic and inherited disorders with symptom onset in the 5th decade of life. Main manifestations include ataxia, first in the legs then arms, hands and facial muscles.Characterized by extensive degeneration of the cerebellum, pontine nuclei and medullary olivary nuclei, opca's have been described with many other clinical findings. Treatment is symtom specific and variable. ...Read more

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What is cerebral cortical atrophy?

What is cerebral cortical atrophy?

Loss of brain cells: This is a finding on either a CT scan or MRI of the brain. It is commonly seen in the elderly and can be a normal finding as we age. We tend to lose neurons or brain cells as we get older. This process can be increased with certain disease states such as dementia, infection, or poor nutrition. Typically this finding is coupled with cognitive impairment such as decreased memory or behavior problems ...Read more

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What is mild cortical atrophy?

What is mild cortical atrophy?

Brain shrink: Cerebral atrophy occurs naturally as you age and is usually an incidental finding on head ct. ...Read more

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What is spinal bulbar muscular atrophy?

What is spinal bulbar muscular atrophy?

A neurodegeneration: Sbma is a serious problem in which a gene causes malfunction of male hormones and causes progressive damage to the nerves that control the muscles of the body. As time goes on, men with sbma may experience loss of fertility, impotence, severe weakness, trouble swallowing and breathing, numbness, all that worsen over time, typically in men and typically starting in adulthood. ...Read more

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Syndrome of optic atrophy?

Syndrome of optic atrophy?

Optic nerve damage: Optic atrophy refers to changes in the appearance of the optic nerve. The optic disc (where the optic nerve enters the eye) appears pale or whitish vs. The normal pink color. The presence of optic atrophy means there is damage to the optic nerve. This can occur with many different diseases (except glaucoma). The degree of visual loss depends on the severity of the optic nerve damage. ...Read more

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MRI scan shows two small focal flair hot spots in either frontal lobes subcortically. Mild peri ventricular gliosis. Age related mild diffuse atrophy.

Probably not...: ...significant. A few small lesions can be seen in many patients without an underlying problem. If there is any concern, then a repeat MR in 4-6 months can be performed. Without any interval change, then you should not worry. However, atrophy at your age is more worrisome and not common, and your Doctor should examine you closely for any underlying cause. ...Read more

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MRI brain results Impression- there is cerebral atrophy with subcortical WMC, consistent wit microangiopathic disease, demyelination, or giliosis?

MRI brain results  Impression- there is cerebral atrophy with subcortical WMC, consistent wit microangiopathic disease, demyelination, or giliosis?

Covering the bases: That signal that is seen in patients who age is seen very frequently. Most of the time it is what has become known as microangiopathic disease or small vessel disease. Demyelination and gliosis come with a more notable history. Gliosis or scarring and demyelination also produces symptoms that MRI is useful for. Depends on why you had the MRI in the first place. The first entity more common than 2 ...Read more

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Please explain why is spinal bulbar muscular atrophy nicknamed kennedy's disease?

Please explain why is spinal bulbar muscular atrophy nicknamed kennedy's disease?

Discoverer: William r kennedy md first described it in 1966. Full report kennedy wr, alter m, sung jh. Progressive proximal spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy of late onset. A sex-linked recessive trait. Neurology. Jul 1968;18(7):671-80. ...Read more

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Can cerebellar atrophy be reversed?

Cerebellar atrophy: Cerebellar atrophy from any cause is not reversible. Treating the underlying cause may prevent it from getting worse such as alcohol and vitamin E deficiency etc. ...Read more

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How is optic atrophy type 1 inherited?

How is optic atrophy type 1 inherited?

Autosomal dominant: Optic atrophy type 1 (opa1, or kjer type optic atrophy) causes a slow loss of vision in both eyes beginning in early childhood which varies but is usually moderate, so that it seldom causes total blindness. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant way, so usually either one or the other parent of the affected person also has the condition, though spontaneous mutation may also occur and cause it. ...Read more

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Could optic disc atrophy be reversible?

No: You were either born with it or the damage has already occurred. It can not be reversed. ...Read more

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Can stem cells injection cure optic nerve atrophy?

Can stem cells injection cure optic nerve atrophy?

Not yet.: While there is a lot of interest in using stem cells to regenerate injured brain, spinal cord, and eye disease, so far, these are all experimental and unproven. ...Read more

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Optic atrophy cause for surgery?

Optic atrophy cause for surgery?

Usually not: Optic atrophy is due to a disruption of the structure of the optic nerve or its blood supply which leads to lowered vision and in the worst cases loss of all vision. There is no known surgical treatment for this condition and unfortunately few medical options as well. Consult with a neuro-ophthalmologist for a discussion of this condition. ...Read more

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What's cerebellar atrophy?

What's cerebellar atrophy?

Shrinkage: The cerebellum is a posterior area of the brain important in balance and coordination. Atrophy implies this area is shrinking in size. Some causes could include alcohol abuse, hereditary spinocerebellar degenerations, and chronic ms. The underlying causation should be sought, as some conditions are reversible or controllable. ...Read more

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What is benson's disease (posterior cortical atrophy) and its prognosis?

What is benson's disease (posterior cortical atrophy) and its prognosis?

Different Alzheimers: Posterior cortical atrophy also called benson's syndrome, is most usually considered to be an atypical variant of alzheimer's disease. The disease causes atrophy of the back part of the cerebral cortex, resulting in the progressive disruption of complex visual processing.As the disease progresses, word finding, day-to-day memory and general cognitive functions may become affected. ...Read more

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Heterogeneous gland due to parenchymal disease?

Heterogeneous gland due to parenchymal disease?

Hashimoto's : Hashimoto's thyroiditis can cause this. What is your tpo ab level? You may be sensitive to dairy and wheat as well. Dairy, wheat and sugar grow e.Coli which can release inflammatory substances that aggravate auto-immune problems. Quinoa is the best grain if soaked 8 hours and rinsed well before cooking. See kelly mcgonigal's book, the will power instinct for successful life style changes. ...Read more

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