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Doctor insights on: Parainfluenza Virus Types 123

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What are "rotavirus", "norwalk virus", and "adenovirus"?

What are "rotavirus", "norwalk virus", and "adenovirus"?

Just that: These are different viruses which are all capable of producing human infection. These have in common the capacity to produce gastroenteritis and can be spread rapidly from person to person. ...Read more

Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


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What sicknesses are associated with coxsackie virus and enterovirus 71?

What sicknesses are associated with coxsackie virus and enterovirus 71?

Coxsachie: Group a coxsackieviruses tend to infect the skin and mucous membranes, causing herpangina, acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, and hand foot and mouth disease coxachie b cardiomyopathy entro 17 produces nervous system disorders and hand foot mouth disease though milder cases may cause diarrhea or be asymptomatic. ...Read more

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How are swine flu or influenza and normal flu or influenza distinguished from each other?

How are swine flu or influenza and normal flu or influenza distinguished from each other?

They are all type A: Flu viruses, whether designated as swine or avian depends on where the virus primarily originated. All type a influenza viruses can interchange parts of their RNA with other type a flus. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of respiratory syncytial virus infection?

What are the symptoms of respiratory syncytial virus infection?

Multiple: Rsv has many symptoms and they can vary by age. It is most dangerous for infants, especially less than 6 months of age. Typically there is cough, nasal congestion, wheezing and coarse breath sounds, and fever. For an older child or adult, the symptoms generally mimic that of the common cold. In either case, time and supportive care are the best treatments. ...Read more

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Med assit called and my throat culture was haemophilus parainfluenza 2. Worried because I don't know what this means. amoxicillin for 7 days so far.

Med assit called and my throat culture was haemophilus parainfluenza 2. Worried because I don't know what this means. amoxicillin for 7 days so far.

H. parainfluenzae: Haemophilus parainfluenzae, is a common bacteria found normally in the oropharynx. It probably is NOT the germ responsible for your pharyngitis, although I hope by now after 7 days of antibiotics you're better. Various viruses (mono) and bacteria (Strep A) would be on my list - were they checked for? A related bacteria known as Haemophilus influenzae IS a pathogen (a real germ) but u don't have it ...Read more

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Also what are the symptoms for influenza, west nile virus?

Also what are the symptoms for influenza, west nile virus?

Most no symptoms: Most have no symptoms, 80%. If you develop symptoms of severe west nile virus illness, such as unusually severe headaches or confusion, seek medical attention immediately, according to the cdc. Severe illness usually requires hospitalization. Milder cases improve on their own and do not necessarily require medical attention. ...Read more

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So, two viruses that can cause reye's syndrome are influenza and vz virus? How many other viruses can lead to reye's?

So, two viruses that can cause reye's syndrome are influenza and vz virus? How many other viruses can lead to reye's?

Hard to say : Vz and influenza virus are the common viruses linked to reye syndrome but strains of adenovirus and the epstein barr virus (mono) have also been cited as triggers. There may be others but the decline in cases makes further research on the disease difficult. ...Read more

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Are intestinal viruses contagious?

Are intestinal viruses contagious?

Many are: In fact many are highly contagious. Please be extra precarious with hand hygiene around individuals that are suffering with diarrhea. ...Read more

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Are stomach infections contageous?

Are stomach infections contageous?

Gastroenteritis?: Viral gastroenteritis (vomiting/diarrhea) is very contageous. Norovirus/ enterovirus/ norwalk virus are some of the most common causes of outbreaks. Spread can be stopped by good handwashing (lister was right!). There are many types of other contageous stomach infections: bacterial (salmonella, shigella, campylo bacter, h. Pylori, c. Diffi); parasites (giardia, cryptosporidia, cyclospora)..... ...Read more

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How are swine flu and normal flu distinguished from each other?

Vaccines: Just like the name implies swine flu starts with pigs and normal flu (flu passed from person to person) would be the difference. Hope this helps! ...Read more

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Do people develop immunity to respiratory syncytial virus infection?

Do people develop immunity to respiratory syncytial virus infection?

Improves over time: The rs virus is crafty, attaching to superficial cells in the respiratory tract like a wart on your skin. Since it avoids the blood (like a flu) it doesn't trigger a full response of your immune system. Over multiple infections your body develops greated response and the infection tends to penetrate less deeply into the lungs until it is limited to your nose. Its likely you have a little every yr. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of epstein barr virus?

What are the symptoms of epstein barr virus?

Glandular fever: Ebv causes, especially in young adults, an illness with fever, sore throat, swollen neck lymph glands, fatigue and an enlarged spleen. ...Read more

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What are the tests for respiratory syncytial virus infection?

Nasal mucous: Nasal mucous can be submitted to the lab for identification of the RSV antigen (protein) through immunoflorescent or enzyme immunoassay. These are available in kit form to hospitals & some offices.The test is seldom preformed unless the patient is hospitalized.The test itself does not predict the severity of illness but knowing test results simplifies supportive care as RSV is somewhat predictabl. ...Read more

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What symptoms are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

What symptoms are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

Many and few.: At the outset the patient infected may not even be aware of the presence of the virus, and this can persist until the immune system is badly damaged, and secondary infections or cancers occur (8-12 yrs). Sometimes, acute HIV syndrome will present as a mononucleosis-type illness with multiple symptoms. Best thing to do is get checked and tested if you feel you have been exposed. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of west nile virus?

Varies per person.: Symptoms of wnv can include: fever, headache, body aches, fatigue, back pain, skin rash (occasionally), swollen lymph glands (occasionally), eye pain (occasionally), stiff neck, disorientation / confusion, lack of coordination, and possibly seizures. If you are concerned that you could have wnv infection, please see a doctor / health care provider. ...Read more

Dr. Lois Freisleben-Cook
11 doctors shared insights

Parainfluenza Virus (Definition)

Parainfluenza viruses can cause upper and lower respiratory infections including bronchitis, ...Read more