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Doctor insights on: Pandemic Vs Outbreak

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What are the risk factors for catching west nile encephalitis?

What are the risk factors for catching west nile encephalitis?

Mosquito bite: West nile occurs in epidemics, usually during summer, and seems to afflict humans and horses most often. Carried by mosquitoes and these bites infect the victim. ...Read more

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Is the avian bird flu a foodborne illness via chickens?

Is the avian bird flu a foodborne illness via chickens?

Not really: Bird flu is transmitted after contact with infected surfaces - so, if one has contact with infected surfaces then bird flu can be contracted. Having said that - bird flu is exceedingly rare (and hasn't been documented in the western hemisphere at all) and thus you are much more likely to get salmonella or campylobacter (usually causing food poisoning/diarrhea) from uncooked chicken more than flu. ...Read more

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The risk of contracting hepatitis a in taiwan vs hong kong?

The risk of contracting hepatitis a in taiwan vs hong kong?

Probably the same..: These are classified as developing counttries, and they are likely at the same level of development, so the risk is probably the same, and more than in places like the United States. They are also more readily exposed to less developed, more endemic areas, like china. ...Read more

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Encephalitis from west nile virus. What is death rate/cute rate? What treatments are available

Encephalitis from west nile virus. What is death rate/cute rate? What treatments are available

Hard to say: Some studies have quoted mortality from neuroinvasive cases of wnv ~5%, but this must be a huge overestimate. Maybe 3 in 1000 of all cases are severe (or neuroinvasive), so you might guess less than 1 in 5000 cases die. Most of the deaths appear to come in the elderly, chronically ill or immunosuppressed. Treatment is mainly supportive (including intubation & ventilation in severe cases). ...Read more

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How does mexico rank compared to india for the outbreak of foodborne illnesses?

Both high up there: They are both very high on the list. If you can't peel it, boil it or cook it--forget it. Drink only bottled water, soft drinks, beer and wine. ...Read more

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Is the avian flu a foodborne illness?

Is the avian flu a foodborne illness?

No: Avian flu is an airborne disease. You must breathe it in. It attacks the lungs. ...Read more

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Is there swine flu in new york state?

Is there swine flu in new york state?

The flu Season: hasn't really gotten into gear yet (2014 to 2015 season). Influenza A H1N1 virus (swine Flu) is now one of the flu viruses that circulates around the world seasonally. It was certainly seen during the 2013 to 2014 Flu season in the US. Will see what happens with the upcoming flu season. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between west nile virus and hansen disease (leprosy)?

West nile virus: West nile virus - is a mosquito transmitted virus that causes encephalitis (brain inflammation). This can cause coma and death. Leprosy is caused by a bacteria that affects peripheral nerves, skin, eye, mucosa -- secondary infections is usually the cause of death. ...Read more

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What is herpes simplex type 1, IgG antibody? Genital or oral?

What is herpes simplex type 1, IgG antibody?  Genital or oral?

Usually oral: Herpes infections are described as type i (oral /cold sores)or type ii(genital). However, either type can cause affect either location. Igg antibody detected by a blood test. & indicates one has been exposed to the virus at least several weeks prior &possibly much longer- as in years. Most people who have HSV antibody have no idea that they have herpes. ...Read more

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What agency is in charge of tracking and preparing for a pandemic influenza outbreak?

What agency is in charge of tracking and preparing for a pandemic influenza outbreak?

CDC: Centers for disease control and prevention. Here is a link for cdc influenza area. http://www.cdc.gov/flu/index.htm. ...Read more

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How is the west nile virus transmitted?

How is the west nile virus transmitted?

West Nile Virus: Typically, west nile virus spreads to humans via infected mosquitoes. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. You can not get infected by touching or kissing a person with the virus. In some cases, the virus may be spread by organ transplantation and blood transfusions. ...Read more

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Is the bird flu virus obsolete now?

Is the bird flu virus obsolete now?

Yes: There have been no new cases of what has always been a rare disease. However, influenza can always change in dangerous ways. The current human strain is always the one to be feared. ...Read more

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What is recovery rate from West Nile virus causing encephalitis?

What is recovery rate from West Nile virus causing encephalitis?

Variable: A case of West Nile virus with encephalitis recover but takes long time , prolonged recuperation and need rehabilitation for a long time . They may have some memory loss or weakness of limbs ...Read more

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How common is herpes simplex virus type 1?

How common is herpes simplex virus type 1?

HSV 1: In the United States, there are about 500, 000 primary hsv 1 infections each year. Infection is permanent, but rarely serious in the patient with a normal immune system. Most patients are either without symptoms or have mild clinical disease. ...Read more

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Lifespan of varicella zoster virus?

Lifespan of varicella zoster virus?

Lifetime: As long as you live, the virus stays with you mostly in dormant stage and occasionally flares up. ...Read more