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It can be: I have several kids in my practice that carried the ASD (autism spectrum disorder) label while young were really just late talkers and have gone on to function well. Part of the difficulty is created by the lack of a definitive test (like a broken leg on x ray) and the need schools have to label a child in some way to justify the special tutoring or instruction they receive. ...Read moreSee 5 more doctor answers
Yes, it is genetic: Tourette's disorder is among the more strongly genetic disorders with a strong behavioral presentation. Interestingly, and not yet well understood, it often co-occurs in in families with obsessive compulsive disorder (ocd), with men more likely to present with tourette's and women with ocd, although both conditions can be present in the same individual. The exact genes involved remain unknown. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes: The treatment depends on what phase of the illness the child is in. If the illness is still in the fairly acute stage, treatment consists of about one month of antibiotics that provide strep coverage, usually Amoxicillin or penicillin. If the condition is already into the long term phase (symptoms present months to years), antibiotics but also likely much more other treatments will be needed. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Tourette: Most cases are mild & require no medications, can benefit from reassurance & psychobehavioral therapy (cognitive therapy, biofeedback) & education. Medications that are helpful for tics are; clonidine, orap, (pimozide) tenex, and other medications that treat comorbid conditions such as OCD & adhd. ...Read more
Autism specrum disor: Autism, autism spectrum disorders and pervasive developmental dirsorder all enompass identical group of neurodevelopmental disorders, initially described by dr. Leo kanner and hans asperger in 1943 and 1944, respectively. They are epigenetic disorders, caused by submicroscopic deletion or duplication of genes, also called copy number variation cnv. The gene expression is suppressed by environment. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Because the same: Deficits in social understanding (e.g., lack of theory of mind & facial recognition) underlie autism, asperger syndrome & pdd-nos, autistic spectrum disorder is the dsm-5 diagnosis that includes all 3. The myth is that all people with as have " genius" iq's; when the current definition of as requires an iq > 70, in the "normal" range, not necessarily avg. Or above, . ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes, by numbers: A recent report from the centers for disease control (cdc) estimated ASD at 1 in 88 live births, the highest estimate yet. This contrasts with estimates from 20 years ago of 5-10 in 10, 000. What is unclear is why this has changed so much. Some believe it mostly is because of changing definitions and increased recognition of the problem; others insist it is a true change. Time will tell. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes and no: ASD without association with known disorders such as Down syndrome, Fragile X, and many others, certainly has an important genetic component, but these same genes associated with autism are also associated with schizophrenia, depression, bipolar, ADHD, OCD, and others responsive to SSRIs, AND highly desirable qualities like musical, artistic, mathematical and other savant traits in the family ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Autism Spectrum DO: It is classified as pervasive developmental disorder, and includes asperger syndrome, autism, childhood disintegrative disorder & rett syndrome. It is characterized by social deficits, communication difficulties, stereotyped or repetitive behaviors or interests & sometimes cognitive delays. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Is palilalia more often related to tourette's or autism spectrum? My child has asd and multiple motor tics started palilalia 6+ months ago.
Statistics unavailab: Palilalia can occur in both. Reports would implicate tourette's as most common, but it has been reported in autism and asperger's. Formal comparative incidence studies appear to be unavailable at this time. Perhaps one of my colleagues in research will comment further. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Coprolalia is the excessive and uncontrollable use of foul language, including words related to feces (bowel waste). It is a typical symptoms in tourette's syndrome -- a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. People with tourette's curse out of uncontrollable compulsion, not anger or desire to insult. ...Read more
Latest umbrella term: For decades, the broad term for disorders like autism has been pervasive developmental disorder (pdd). It included autism, asperger's disorders, and several other seemingly related disorders. For the past 10 years of so, ASD has become increasingly popular and probably will be the new umbrella term for autism and related disorders in the new diagnostic manual due out in a year or so. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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