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Doctor insights on: Over The Counter Treatment For Absent Pulmonary Valve

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Dr. Milton Alvis, jr
1 doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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What are the treatments for a moderate leak in the pulmonary heart valve?

What are the treatments for a moderate leak in the pulmonary heart valve?

Pulmonary insufficiency: Isolated pulmonary insufficiency often requires only treatment of any associated problems like lung disease. Severe pulmonary insufficiency could require surgery. ...Read more

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Will a tricuspid valve repair for severe tr cause more problems if the right ventricle of the heart is weak and there is some CHF (40% ef) or help?

Will a tricuspid valve repair for severe tr cause more problems if the right ventricle of the heart is weak and there is some CHF (40% ef) or help?

Tricuspid repair: Whether to repair a tricuspid valve is a complicated problem dependent on the details of the patient's physiology. It is possible for some people to do fine with major tricuspid regurgitation and others benefit by repair. You should discuss this problem with the cardiologist who understands the patient's situation. The data here isn't sufficient to advise. ...Read more

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Over the counter treatments for bronchitis?

Over the counter treatments for bronchitis?

Acute bronchitis....: Acute bronchitis is an infection of the airways, usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. If a bacterial infection is present, antibiotics are sometimes needed. If a virus is the culprit, treatment is largely symptom relief, including drinking plenty of fluids, rest, etc. Saline nasal spray can help with nasal congestion, throat lozenges can help the sore throat, etc. If worsening, see dr. ...Read more

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Are Antibiotics required in the UK or USA for Endoscopy GI for a person with Mitral Valve Annuloplasty Ring Repair with Proshetic Material ?

Are Antibiotics  required in the UK or USA
for Endoscopy GI for a person with Mitral Valve Annuloplasty Ring Repair with Proshetic Material ?

Yes: Antibiotic prophylaxis is generally recommended anytime an invasive proceedure including cleaning you teeth is proformed on someone with prostetic material in the heart. Always better safe than sorry. ...Read more

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Tof corrected 20 years back, now pulmonary valve to be replaced with bovine valve. Is there any other option. Which is the best valve option.

Tof corrected 20 years back, now pulmonary valve to be replaced with bovine valve. Is there any other option.  Which is the best valve option.

Talk to your doctor: This is the role your doctor should be taking- talk to you about the pros and cons on different options. If you don't trust his judgment, then you need to get a second opinion. For example, if you were a muslim, then a pork valve would not be an option for you regardless how good it may be. ...Read more

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What are the management options for a neonate with pulmonary valvular stenosis?

What are the management options for a neonate with pulmonary valvular stenosis?

Pulmonary stenosis: Patients with pulmonary valve stenosis generally receive one of three management strategies, depending upon severity of symptoms and degree of stenosis as well as how abnormal the valve itself is: one, balloon valvuloplasty, consists of opening the valve through a catheter inserted into the heart; two, involves surgical to repair/replace valve; third, continued monitoring until intervention needed. ...Read more

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Is antibiotics the first line of cough treatment for an elderly with copd, pulmonary hypertension, and blood clot in leg?

Is antibiotics the first line of cough treatment for an elderly with copd, pulmonary hypertension, and blood clot in leg?

One of many: To treat exacerbation of copd, yes, but often along with other medications such as atrovent (ipratropium) inhaler, etc. All the other problems require their own treatments. I assume this person is under treatment by a physician for these problems? If not, seek one out immediately. ...Read more

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Are there any options down the pike for significant mitral valve leak instead of replacement. She had rheumatic fev & te test:valve can't be fixed?

Are there any options down the pike for significant mitral valve leak instead of replacement. She had rheumatic fev & te test:valve can't be fixed?

Repair (Sometimes): In some cases the valve can be repaired by a surgeon, and these repairs tend to last a while. However, the surgeon might not know for sure until the patient is in the operating room and they actually see the condition of the valve. The echocardiogram gives the docs a good idea of what the valve looks like, but understand that it is not a perfect test. Be sure to see a cardiologist regularly. ...Read more

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What is the success ratio of mitral valve(mechanical) replacement for longer life, if the medication is properly monitored?

What is the success ratio of mitral valve(mechanical) replacement for longer life, if the medication is properly monitored?

It varies: There is a study that looked at patients with single mechanical heart valve replacement for a period of 25 years with a saint jude valve. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15734375. ...Read more

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Main concern is marfans. Has had a main arterial valve replacement. Metal. Takes all the usual drugs for that. Now has developed fluid on lungs. Treat?

Main concern is marfans. Has had a main arterial valve replacement. Metal. Takes all the usual drugs for that. Now has developed fluid on lungs. Treat?

Fluid on lungs: No relation to marfan's but clarification as to where the valve is in place. Could be related to mitral valve leaking, weakness of heart muscle, arrhythmia, leakage of aortic valve, leakage of prosthetic valve. It needs close evaluation ...Read more

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Can 5 weeks of pulmonary hypertension (as well as a few other diagnoses) lead to moderate anoxic brain injury? A patient in his early 50's receives diagnosis of mssa- causing pulmonary hypertension, chf, aortic valve regurgitation, a stretched mitral valv

Can 5 weeks of pulmonary hypertension (as well as a few other diagnoses) lead to moderate anoxic brain injury? A patient in his early 50's receives diagnosis of mssa- causing pulmonary hypertension, chf, aortic valve regurgitation, a stretched mitral valv

Endocarditis: Anoxic brain injury can occur after cardiac arrest. The heart disease you mention could lead to cardiac arrest but you did not mention this in your history. I am concerned about endocarditis, infection of the heart valve, with history of mssa bacteremia. ...Read more

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What are the postoperative recommendations for pulmonary valve stenosis repair in infants?

What are the postoperative recommendations for pulmonary valve stenosis repair in infants?

Normal: Aswer somewhat depends upon how it was fixed - surgically or catheter - as well as the result. But most ps has a very good outcome and patients have a normal life. Post-op care is quite minimal. ...Read more

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What's the best treatment for pulmonary edema if the person has renal failure?

What's the best treatment for pulmonary edema if the person has renal failure?

Diuretics -dialysis: It depends how severe the renal failure is as to which treatment is best. If severe renal failure is present urgent dialysis is best to remove excess water. If not severe, sometimes diuretics can do the job. ...Read more

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What is the reason for enhanced external counter pulsation for ischemic heart disease?

What is the reason for enhanced external counter pulsation for ischemic heart disease?

"Unloads" the heart: Eecp helps both supply and demand. It inflates during diastole, squeezing the body's arteries and causing back-pressure to push blood into the coronary arteries. It then deflates during systole, which causes negative pressure that sucks out blood from the ejecting heart, helping it eject with less effort, or strain, and hence less energy demand is required by the squeezing heart. ...Read more

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What happens if scar forms on the heart after aortic valve replacement surgery, is there any remedy for this?

What happens if scar forms on the heart after aortic valve replacement surgery, is there any remedy for this?

No need: Scarring occurs as a healing process. There is no need to do anything unless the scar constricts your heart called constrictive pericarditis. Symptoms are shortness of breath, leg swelling, tiredness etc. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for chronic heart failure?

What are the treatments for chronic heart failure?

Medicines: This is complex. Treatment includes medicine to remove fluids ( diuretics) salt restriction, medicine to decrease the work the heart does , these medications dilate the blood vessels, especially a class of medicines called "ace" inhibitors, and medicines to decrease stress hormones (beta blockers) other issues may need to be addressed as well, such as arrhythmia & blockages in coronary arteries. ...Read more

Pulmonary Valve (Definition)

The heart has 4 chambers. The right ventricle is the pumping chamber whic h pushes blood into the lungs so oxygen can be put into the blood. When the right ventricle squeezes, the pulmonary valve opens and blood flows into the lungs. When the right ventricle relaxes to fill, the pulmonary valve closes so blood can't flow backwards ...Read more


Dr. Lonnie Smith
12 doctors shared insights

Absent Pulmonary Valve (Definition)

Absent pulmonary valve is a congenital defect (occurring at birth). The pulmonary valve of the heart is absent or poorly formed. It can occur as a single defect or as the part of a complex congenital heart condition such ...Read more