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Doctor insights on: Organ Donation And Transplant

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How are recipients and donors matched for organ donation?

How are recipients and donors matched for organ donation?

Depends: Some are based on a combination of blood and tissue typing others are based primarily on tissue typing. Size of the individual's is also matched especially for pediatric patients. ...Read more

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Dr. Milton Alvis, jr
3 doctors shared insights

Transplant (Definition)

In medicine: a transfer from one body or body part to another of an organ (liver, heart, lung, kidney, pancreas bowel) or tissue (hand, face, hair). The immune system fights foreign invaders (like infections) so it will reject transplants from other people (allotransplants) because they look like infections. So transplants usually require drugs to ...Read more


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What is organ donation and transplantation done for?

What is organ donation and transplantation done for?

See below: Organ donation is performed to provide organs for those in need. Organ transplantation is performed for organ failure in diseases of the heart, lung, kidneys, live, pancreas and small intestine. Newer composite tissue transplants (hand/arm and face transplants) are becoming more common as well. ...Read more

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Organ transplantation and tissue typing. Am i related to my tissue matching organ donor?

Organ transplantation and tissue typing. Am i related to my tissue matching organ donor?

Not necessarily: Random people can share some tissue antigens. You are more likely to share tissue antigens with someone you are related to, but sharing antigens does not mean the two people are related. ...Read more

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How are organ transplants done?

How are organ transplants done?

See:: http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/organ-donation-facts

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What is the difference between a living donor and a deceased donor organ donation?

What is the difference between a living donor and a deceased donor organ donation?

Live pre/post: Living donor donations involve a living doner giving one of a paired organ (like a kidney) or a piece of the liver to the recipient. The process involves all the same tissue matching tests as with a deceased donor, but is potientially more readily available thru screening living relatives or friends. ...Read more

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Organ and tissue donation worth considering?

Yes: I believe everyone should consider becoming an organ and tissue donor and expressing your wishes to your family. ...Read more

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Is organ donation compulsory?

Is organ donation compulsory?

No: Whether you donate your organ is entirely up to you. There is a great demand for organs (heart, lungs, kidney, liver, pancreas, cornea) and if you are brain-dead, it makes a lot of sense to donate your organs and give a gift of life to others. However, the decision itself is entirely up to you. ...Read more

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Risks of kidney transplant and plasma exchange?

Not very harmful: If someone spoke to you about plasma exchange, then the issue is the presence of anti-donor antibodies in the recipient. The procedure removes the plasma containing the antibodies. The procedure is used either at the time (or just before) the transplant to prevent rejection in sensitized patients. Or, after the transplant if antibody mediated rejection has occurred. ...Read more

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Are there risks to the donor in organ donation?

Donor risks: There sure are. Depending on what organ you're donating, risks of bleeding, infections, leaks, wound herniations, and rarely even death can occur. This is why transplant centers performing loving donor transplants must be extremely careful in evaluating donors and safely performing their surgeries. Experience matters. These donors are real heroes, taking similar risks to save others as police/fire. ...Read more

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Can a vegan get blood transfusions and organ transplants?

Can a vegan get blood transfusions and organ transplants?

Yes: Becoming a vegan is a moral choice. If you refuse a needed blood transfusion / organ transplant, you are not talking about a decision to respect the lives and dignity of animals -- you'd be making a decision to die. And unlike the cult that refuses blood transfusions, you can't be thrown out for accepting something that others might not. Make choices on accurate information & what you deem right. ...Read more

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What happens in a living donor liver transplantation?

What happens in a  living donor liver transplantation?

The donor gives part: And keeps the rest, enough to live on. The liver that remains regenerates almost to 100% of original size and function. ...Read more

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Who is eligible for organ transplants?

Depends: Eligibility and allocation varies by organs. For example, kidneys are allocated based on waiting time whereas liver, heart, lungs are allocated based on how sick the patient is. In general, active infections, recent history of cancers, and multi-organ failures might make a patient ineligible. ...Read more

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What kind of organ transplants/other donatable body parts require only biological family members?

Not really: Today, successful transplant outcomes can be obtained using organs from friends or strangers. Obviously, hearts only come from deceased donors, most are unrelated. ...Read more

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Does donor family pay for a heart transplant or a liver transplant?

No: The organ recipient needs proper medical insurance coverage for a transplant to take place. In certain cases such as a mother giving part of her liver to her child, she may carry the pertinent insurance. No deceased donors are required to pay for the recipient medical procedures. Conceivably, a wealthy donor family could volunteer to contribute, but that would be most unusual. ...Read more

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Is a kidney donation healthy for the donor?

Is a kidney donation healthy for the donor?

Depends: A living kidney donor is undergoing a surgery he or she does not need and needs to weigh the potential risks he/she is willing to take. In the U.S., the mortality rate associated with the donor nephrectomy is 0.02-0.03% and the rate of major complication is 3-6%. ...Read more

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Ethically, should addicts and alcoholics receive organ donations?

Ethically, should addicts and alcoholics receive organ donations?

Only if abstinent: All humans are imperfect. Some people with drug and alcohol abuse histories have committed to sobriety, acknowledged their own responsibilities and succeeded in changing their lives in favorable directions. General txp requirements are at least 6 months abstinence and ongoing rehabilitation. Those patients meeting these requirements who receive txps have equal outcomes to all other patients. ...Read more

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How to become an living organ donor?

Contact Tx Program: I believe you are referring to being an altruistic organ donor. In order to be able to donate, one has to undergo a very thorough donor evaluation that includes a full psychosocial evaluation. In the state of Arizona, several programs including U of AZ, Mayo Clinic, and BG Samaritan will be happy to evaluate you. ...Read more

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What causes rejection with kidney transplants?

What causes rejection with kidney transplants?

Transplant rejection: Ideally, transplanted kidneys come from a twin or close relative to minimize rejection. Otherwise, the body does not recognize the transplant as "self" & attacks the "foreigner". Thus the use of immunosuppressant drugs to suppress the recipient's immune system to prevent rejection of the transplanted kidney. ...Read more

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Will a kidney transplant recipient be receiving one or two kidneys from a cadaver donor?

Usually 1: Most if the time 1 kidney is transplanted. Occasionally 2 very small (pediatric) kidneys are kept connected to each other and transplanted "e bloc" - they grow quickly. Some older kidneys with low function are transplanted together (but separated) to try to provide enough function in combination. The recipient should understand and give consent (or not) in advance. ...Read more

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What is organ donation and transplantation done for?

See below: Organ donation is performed to provide organs for those in need. Organ transplantation is performed for organ failure in diseases of the heart, lung, kidneys, live, pancreas and small intestine. Newer composite tissue transplants (hand/arm and face transplants) are becoming more common as well. ...Read more

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I was wondering what are the cons of organ donation and transplantation?

Risks exist: It depends what organ transplant is being contemplated. Organ donation is major surgery and you need a careful discussion of risks and benefits including the long term risk. This should be done with members of the transplant team who know this information the best. ...Read more

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What is the status of organ donation vs transplantation need in the united states?

What is the status of organ donation vs transplantation need in the united states?

Unbalanced: Currently there are 114, 699 (as of june 24th 2012) people waiting for an organ transplant . There are approximately 17, 000 donors per year. ...Read more

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Organ transplantation and tissue typing. Am i related to my tissue matching organ donor?

Not necessarily: Random people can share some tissue antigens. You are more likely to share tissue antigens with someone you are related to, but sharing antigens does not mean the two people are related. ...Read more

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Organ transplantation and tissue typing. Do I have to be related to my tissue matching organ donor?

Not necessarily: Cadaveric kidney transplants are usually among unrelated persons. A person can share tissue type with unrelated individuals, though it is much more likely that related persons share tissue antigens. ...Read more

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Organ transplantation and tissue typing. Do I have to be related to my tissue matching organ donor?

Not necessarily: People unrelated to each other, by conventional measures, do share hla antigens. Related individuals are more likely to share hla antigens, however sharing hla antigens does not imply blood relation, except of course very very remotely. ...Read more

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Will I be told about the organ donor before my liver transplant?

Will I be told about the organ donor before my liver transplant?

Yes: You have the right to know any pertinent medical information about your potential donor. Of you are not told you should ask and you always have the right to refuse an organ without losing your place on the list. ...Read more

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Is organ donation always reliable?

Is organ donation always reliable?

No: The organs don't always work. Sometimes when they do work the patient's other medical conditions get worse and they die. Sometimes a problem with the organ (such as an infection or blood type issue) can come up after the transplant and cause major problems. ...Read more

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Why is organ donation so important?

Dire need of organs: Unfortunately many patients with end-stage organ diseases are in need of organ transplants but the availability of transplantable organs does not meet the need. In the U.S., an average of 18 patients die while waiting for an organ. Registering for organ donation gives these patients with end-stage organ diseases a new lease on life after the registered donor dies. ...Read more

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Is there a market for organ donation?

Outside of the US: Unfortunately, there is a black market outside of developed countries. The patients who have been identified afterwards have had much higher rates of infections and worse outcomes. Medicare may not pay for the anti-rejection medications if the transplant was not performed at a medicare approved center. Black market transplants are dangerous. Legitimate organ donation must be increased. ...Read more

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Does organ donation disfigure your corpse?

Does organ donation disfigure your corpse?

No: There will be external scars from where the organ retrieval process occurred but a normal burial is possible, open casket and all if so desired. ...Read more

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Why doesn't everyone support organ donation?

Organ donation: Unfortunately there are many people who feel that organ donation is not a transparent process and the medical profession would prefer to allow some to die in order to recover their organs to transplant into others. In fact this is the farthest from the truth, but urban myths and stories abound that give many false impressions. Better education will help clear the myths and more lives will be saved. ...Read more

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Why should families be concerned about organ donation?

Shortage: There is a tremendous waiting list for all organs and hundreds and thousands of patients die each year waiting for organs. Transplantation is truly a miracle and organ donation is the ultimate gift. ...Read more

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Are there risks to the donor in organ donation?

Donor risks: There sure are. Depending on what organ you're donating, risks of bleeding, infections, leaks, wound herniations, and rarely even death can occur. This is why transplant centers performing loving donor transplants must be extremely careful in evaluating donors and safely performing their surgeries. Experience matters. These donors are real heroes, taking similar risks to save others as police/fire. ...Read more

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What are the risks and realities of organ donation?

No risks after death: Donation after death has no risks. The donation team is only involved AFTER death has been declared to prevent any conflict of interest. The opportunity to save up to 8 lives through organ donation, and 60 lives through tissue donation is miraculous. Living donation is entirely different - one can donate a kidney, a part of the liver or a part of a lung. There are significant risks involved. ...Read more

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Who pays for or, surgeon, transport if organ donation?

Recipient: I am assuming you mean who pays if you are the live donor. All of those costs are billed to the insurance of the person who receives the organ. ...Read more

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Should owners of motorcycles register for organ donation?

Everyone should!: Aren't you really asking whether motorcycles are so dangerous that the consideration of end of life issues is appropriate? Truthfully, we should all think about the unpleasant topic of our own death, and what we prefer to happen with our own body. Motorcycle owners and all others can best celebrate their own lives by saving the lives of others through organ/tissue donation. ...Read more

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For what reasons might a doctor strongly discourage organ donation?

Special reasons: A doctor may know certain history about a patient that precludes them from being an appropriate organ donor. Perhaps a cancer history or an infection? ...Read more

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Is organ donation compulsory?

No: Whether you donate your organ is entirely up to you. There is a great demand for organs (heart, lungs, kidney, liver, pancreas, cornea) and if you are brain-dead, it makes a lot of sense to donate your organs and give a gift of life to others. However, the decision itself is entirely up to you. ...Read more

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Dr. Ralph Layman
89 doctors shared insights

Organ Donation (Definition)

Organ donation requires surgical techniques that preserve the blood vessels and vital structures (e.g., ureter-kidney, bile duct - liver) and keeps the cells of the organ happy enough to function after blood flow is stopped and the transplant conducted. A living person may choose to gift an organ (or piece of an organ) through such an operation. A deceased person may gift multiple ...Read more


Dr. Amy Friedman
1,119 doctors shared insights

Transplantation (Definition)

Transplantation is the process of transplanting organs from a donor to a recipient and includes surgery ...Read more